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What does it mean to die of ‘natural causes’?


( CNN) When a fatality is by “natural causes, ” what does that term necessitate? Or, rather, what is “unnatural” about something that happens to everyone? Is it just for the old-time? Does cancer count as “natural? “

Here is a look inside the process physicians go through to determine whether a fatality was “natural, ” and what exactly that represents( or doesn’t ).

What are ‘natural causes’?

Tiger Woods fights as Brooks Koepka sea-coasts clear in US PGA


( CNN) Tiger Woods cut a forestalled digit as the sorcery of the Masters eluded him on day one of the 101 st US PGA Championship.

Woods’ woes were a far cry from playing partner Brooks Koepka, the defending endorse, who stormed to a course-record seven-under 63 — one off the all-time major record set by Branden Grace in the Open at Royal Birkdale in 2017 — to set a searing gait.

Later in the day, New Zealander Danny Lee fuelled a round of 64 in breezier situations to close in on Koepka, who has acquired three of his last-place seven majors and pulsate Woods to the PGA title last year before finishing second to the former world-wide No. 1 at Augusta last month.

Bubba Watson on Tiger Woods’ 2019 Masters win.

The drop of the Israeli peace movement and why leftists continue to fight


Peacenik is widely used as a innuendo in Israel. Here four activists explain their demise and why they hold on

It’s a sad-looking protest. A few dozen members of Israel’s beleaguered peacefulnes gesture mill around on a street in eastern jerusalem, viewing clues in Arabic, English and Hebrew declaring:” Stop the occupation .” Older, well-dressed intellectual leftwingers with gray-headed mane and round spectacles mingle with a scruffier younger crowd.

One man with a cigarette hanging in his mouth resounds a cowbell. A few Israeli police look on with bored formulations. Traffic moves by as normal. Everyone seems to know each other. Another person sitting on the side of the road gestures to a reporter.” Do I have shit on my premier ?” he asks, ogling up for chicks on power lines overhead.

This is part of what remains of the Israeli peace camp, crippled by a political structure that has careened wildly to the right. “Leftist” and “peacenik” are widely used as dismissive slurs against an ever-embattled section of culture who are increasingly on the periphery and slammed as traitors.

In an upcoming election, the issue of the Palestinians- formerly the central focus of Israeli politics- is often circumvented. A December poll detected while more than half of Jewish Israelis want peace negotiations, almost 75% believed they would fail. The group that operated the survey, the Israel Democracy Institute, said the peace issue has ” disappeared almost completely from the Israeli public discourse “.

Four members of Israel’s beleaguered leftwing please explain how this happened and why they are harbouring on 😛 TAGEND

The protester

Pepe Goldman:’ We merely live once. I could not forgive myself if I let this happen .’ Photograph: Quique Kierszenbaum/ The Guardian

One demonstrator at the rallying, Pepe Goldman, an Argentinian Jew who emigrated to Israel in 1976, has demonstrated ever since.” There is a process of burning out ,” he says on the sidelines.” Unfortunately, we are a small minority. Israelis are very, exceedingly …” he says, before restarting the sentence:” I would say they don’t give a shit about “whats goin on” .”

After years of failed tries, many Israelis are asking themselves whether armistice , not to mention a Palestinian state, is necessary when Gaza is entirely blocked off, the West Bank occupation is tightly controlled, and their own economies is booming.

The 67 -year-old no longer protests to convince his fellow citizens. He comes for very limited but concrete reasons- as an Israeli, with the extra rights under the law that entails, he was able to stand as a human shield for Palestinians who are facing forced evictions or onrushes from settlers.

Despite vanquishes by pioneers and decreasing numbers, he prolongs his activism every Friday.” We exclusively live once. I could not forgive myself if I tell all this happen .”

The repentant soldier

Yehuda Shaul:’ Remember McCarthy? He’s alive and kicking and here in Israel .’ Photograph: Quique Kierszenbaum/ The Guardian

Yehuda Shaul is 37, but his whitened beard, broad shoulders and weatherbeaten face paint an image of a much older man. On many periods, the Israeli ex-combat soldier is at the figurehead of a bus, touring the West Bank to show Israelis and foreign visitors what the occupation looks like. The organisation he founded, Breaking the Silence, is made up of ex-servicemen who want to expose the reality of Israel’s grip over Palestinian life.

Shaul’s insight is encyclopaedic. He appears to know the date of every village- and there are more than 140 with nearly 600,000 residents- was created and how each one affects the Palestinians living around it.

When Breaking the Silence first started after the violent second intifada, Shaul says his group was ” mainstream”- critical singers, but one that came from the respected institution of the armed forces.” We had payed the right to speak out .”

But after Benjamin Netanyahu made deals with hard-line religious patriots in 2015 to form the most rightwing coalition government in the country’s history, pro-settler troops ripened in power.

That is when the attacks on Breaking the Silence ramped up. Shaul reels off some from remembering: an arson attempt on their powers; beings working undercover to infiltrate the organisation; a constitution that was dubbed the” Breaking the Silence” greenback to ban them from speaking in academies; and a viciou snout last-place summer when a pioneer pierced him during a tour. Netanyahu even cancelled a find with the German foreign minister after he said he would speak to the former troops.

One especially fierce chapter resulted after phone numbers of his colleague’s family members were posted online by a troll. Someone called her grandparents at 3am pretending to be a hospital worker to say she had died in a vehicle crash. Shaul was offended but unsurprised.” When the defence minister announces you a spy, and the prime minister says you bridged a red line, and the tourism rector says you’re a traitor. People answer the announce ,” he says.” Remember McCarthy? He’s alive and kicking and here in Israel .”

The columnist

Amira Hass in 1999 … a new generation has come’ to regard this reality as normal’. Photograph: Don Mcphee/ The Guardian

Amira Hass sucks a small whiskey in a bar in Ramallah to fend off a coldnes. Behind her the famed 1936″ Visit Palestine” poster hangs on the wall. Since 1993, she has lived in the territories, first in Gaza and now in the West Bank. As an Israeli writer, she says you should reside in the place you write about. But she cannot think of a single other Jewish Israeli journalist who lives here.

Ending 51 -years of Israeli armed pattern is not an issue in this election, she says, because a new generation “re coming”” to regard this reality as normal “.

There used to be an ” unhappines” in culture,” because there was still an understanding that there was a contradiction between our self-image as instructed, progressive, liberal, democratic, and the occupation. You had had a generation who knew what life was like before[ the occupation began in] 1967.”

As the settler flow has succeeded in becoming a significant sector of society, the idea of annexing the huge swaths of region they have taken is rapidly becoming a mainstream idea, she says.” They are high middle class, they are savvy, they are in the military, they find themselves in hi-tech .”

There is no longer pro- or anti-peace camps in Israel, Hass lends, just” the prize clique “.

The politician

Dr Yosef’ Yossi’ Beilin:’ Sometimes it[ peacefulnes] is the elephant in the area[ but] this is the real story of Israel .’ Photograph: Quique Kierszenbaum/ The Guardian

Yossi Beilin, the only one of the four to have viewed its own position in government, is also the most optimistic. Much of his three decades of political life was in the pro two-state Labour party but also in Meretz, which is firmly anti-occupation. Both parties are now in decline. In the 1990 s, he was part of secret talks in Norway that led to the Oslo harmonizes, a framework to make a peace deal that ultimately stalled.

” There is a general feeling that there is nothing to do ,” he says.

Few submerges like him remain in the Israeli parliament. The former Israeli foreign minister Tzipi Livni, one of the country’s most prominent peace campaigners, left politics this month after canvas indicated her tiny party would not make it into parliament again. In her exit discussion, Livni said conciliation had become a ” dirty word “.

Beilin , now 70, says he promised to leave politics at 60 to allow a younger mob to create new ideas. But would he have retired if his pro-peace ideology had been more successful?” It’s a good question. Maybe not .”

Still, he disclaims conciliation is off the agenda. It is a primary part of the Israeli psyche, he disagrees.” Sometimes it is the elephant in the area( but) this is the real story of Israel .”

Asked to explain his steadfast optimism, he replies:” Because we need it seriously .”

Was Tiger Woods’s Masters win the greatest comeback in sport history? | Andy Bull


Sport is not short of great personal comebacks but Tiger Woodss Masters victory on Sunday may overshadow them all, including Muhammad Ali, Niki Lauda and Monica Seles

In the springtime of 2014 Tiger Woods was at work on the series around the back of his house, practising his short game like ever. Periods earlier he had shot a 78 on the last day of the Cadillac Championship, the worst fourth-round score of their own lives. His back had been spasming but he felt he had to get out and exert. He stroked a bust hit over a bunker and the instant “hes had” finished the waver he fell down flat on his back, overcome with a suffering so severe that he could hardly breathe, let alone get back on his foot. He was out of hearing distance and he did not have his mobile phone on him, so there was nothing he could do but lie there and wait for someone to come.

It was his seven-year-old daughter, Sam, who found him.

“Daddy,” she said, what are you doing lying on the dirt ?”

” Sam, thank goodness you’re here ,” he informed her.” Can you go tell the people inside to try to get the cart out to help me back up ?”

“What’s wrong?”

” My back’s not doing very good .”


” Yes again, Sam, can you please lead get those people ?”

There are an awful lot of Timbers legends but this one, which is in the excellent biography Jeff Benedict and Armen Keteyian wrote last year, ever seemed one of the most revealing because it speaks to the pain he has stayed, the mortification he has suffered and the behavior in which it has all been laid out for the rest of us to see. Here is Woods, the great athlete, helpless as an upturned glitch; Woods, the proud champ, pleading with his kid to create someone who can get him back on his paw; Groves, a humanity so intensely private that he used to refuse to tell people where he would be playing the very next month, having that helplessness picked over in instant item by beings like me in book and on TV.

Quick guide

Tiger Woods since triumphing his last-place major

Tiger Woods has prevailed his fifth Masters title and first major in 11 times after victory in Augusta on Sunday.

It has been a long road back for the American, who has suffered innumerable hurts and off-course problems.


On November 27, 2009 reports emerged that Timbers had been injured in a car accident near his Florida home after colliding with a fire hydrant and a tree. Over the next days and weeks the same reasons behind the accident became clearer, He said he had “let his family down” with “transgressions” and announcing an indefinite smash from golf. He lost major sponsors including Gatorade and Gillette over his revelations of multiple infidelities and he and his wife Elin Nordegren divorced.

Phoenix not rising

Woods , now determined to return to the pinnacle of golf obeying his self-imposed years in the wilderness, recorded the worst round of his profession in January 2015 as he shot an 11 -over-par 82 in Arizona. His second-round performance at the Waste Management Phoenix Open left him 13 over and final in a 132 -man field. Woods told reporters afterwards: “It’s golf, we all have daytimes like this.”

Don’t call it a comeback

In June 2016 he announced he was unable to compete at the US Open, the second largest major of the year, adopting two back runnings in the space of six weeks. He pointed a 15 -month absence from video games in November but in January 2017 he missed the cut in his first PGA Tour event in nearly 18 months, exiting the Farmers Insurance Open after finishing his first two rounds on four over par.

The master misses the Masters

The former nature number 1 was unable to contest the 2017 Masters. The chance to compete at Augusta 20 times since he first won the light-green casing was denied to Woods who continued to suffer from nerve pain which had necessary three procedures in the seat of 19 months.

Under the affect ?

In a throwback to his indiscretions of autumn 2009, in May 2017 Timbers was arrested on notion of driving under the influence in the early hours of Memorial Day. He received a year of probation after pleading guilty to reckless driving and was ordered to undergo 50 hours of community service.

Victory again

In September 2018 Groves shot a one-over 71 for a two-shot victory at the Tour Championship in Atlanta – the 80 th victory of his PGA Tour career and his first in more than five years.

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There are plenty more. One could talk about those first sickening moments in 2009 where reference is disintegrated his SUV into a tree or the weeks after, when he shut over all the windows of his house with butcher’s article to keep the paparazzi cameras out. Or the private luncheon at a Beverly Hills Country Club in 2016 when he had to walk up a flight of stairs downwards because it was the only way he had been able to make it, or how, when he was arrested for driving under the influence in 2017, he could not even tell the police if he was in Florida or California, whether he was coming home or going from it.

On Monday morning the talk around Augusta and everywhere else they play golf was all about sweeter situations, like how high-pitched this victory figured among Woods’s 15 majors and exactly where it graded among the great sporting comebacks. Now “theres nothing” easy answer to that because one has to stack up hundreds of different accomplishments across dozens of separate epoches, which of course was precisely why everyone was chatting about it.

How do you evaluate what Lumbers did here against, say, the route Niki Lauda finished runner-up in the F1 championship the same season he disintegrated at the Nurburgring? Lauda was back racing six weeks after he came out of coma. Or Mario Lemieux, who led the Pittsburgh Penguins to their first President’s Trophy in the very same season he finished his radiation care for Hodgkin’s lymphoma, while he had a back injury so severe he could not put on his own skates and practically flout Wayne Gretzky’s scoring record while he was at it? How does it compare with Lester Piggott winning the Breeders’ Cup Mile at persons under the age of 54, only 10 daytimes after he finished a year in prison for tax fraud? Or Monica Seles’s victory at the Australian Open in 1996, three years after she was stabbed in the back on courtroom in Hamburg?

Injury and personal problems seemed to leave Tiger Woods a spent force by 2017. Photograph: Warren Little/ Getty Images

And all that is before one gets to the greatest of them all, Muhammad Ali, who won back the heavyweight championship seven years after he was stripped of it and had his boxing licence suspended because he refused to be drafted to fight in Vietnam.

Woods was reluctant to claim it was even the best comeback in his own play. He points to Ben Hogan, who won the US Open one and a half years after he virtually been killed in a auto disintegrate. Hogan was hit by an oncoming bus. He hurled himself across his wife’s lap to protect her from the impact and, while she was uninjured, he suffered a divulge pelvis, collarbone, ankle and ribs. They mended again but he stood with blood clots for the rest of his life and had to have emergency surgery. He was told he would never walk again and then he went on to win another six majors.

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And hitherto, for all that, one can say this much: Woods’s storey is unique in one important behavior, unlike all those others, in that he did not suffer physically or personally but physically and personally. He has been tormented in body and soul, his mas interrupted, his back smashed and fused back all going together, his reputation shredded and the bits and pieces strewn out for the rest of us to pick over. And here he was, treading off that 18 th green, Masters champion, with his family around him, having make everything is back together again.

” You never dispense with ,” says Woods.” That’s a granted. You ever opposed. Simply giving up’s never in the equation .”

Police say a being killed three women connected to a circu. He says it was accidental.


( CNN) Dominion in Virginia wanted to ask James Michael Wright about a missing 25 -year-old woman from Tennessee.

Wright, 23 , now faces three fees of capital assassinate for allegedly killing the three.

The scapegoats were all connected to the James H. Drew carnival. Athina Hopson, 25, and Elizabeth Marie Vanmeter, 22, were employees there; Joslyn Alsup, 17, was the daughter of a carnival worker, governments said.

10 Car Crash Survivors Pose Proudly For A Chilling Photo Project To Raise Awareness About Seatbelt Safety


Shocking photographs of the searing traumata that seatbelts can leave behind after a accident are being revelled as survival badges of honor, and establishing the importance of belting up.

The initiative is part of an NZ Transport Agency( NZTA) campaign to reduce the number of deaths on NZ superhighways. Harmonizing to them, 90 people die each year because they weren’t wearing their seatbelt, most of whom are young men in rural areas. The confront portraits are of 10 real-life crash survivors, whose post-crash hurts were recreated by the SFX make-up company PROFX.

More info: Website

Liam Bethell

Image ascribes: ourproductionteam

Kahutia Foster

Image credits: ourproductionteam

“A seatbelt truly does leave a mark like this, ” emergency medical specialist Dr. Natasha McKay, who furnished her expertise to the project, interpreted. “They will save your life, but they will leave you a mark to show how they’ve done it.”

Dion Perry

Image recognitions: ourproductionteam

The campaign has been shown on billboards around the country, with the survivors exhausting emotional videos that tell their story. The target is to get people sharing their own survival stories, accentuating the positive impact of seatbelts and the exuberance of being alive to tell the tale.

Dan Mason

Image credits: ourproductionteam

NZTA, who worked closely with sell communications company Clemenger BBDO, was looking to change the attitudes of some mortals, who idea the seatbelt as an optional extra rather than a life-saving necessity. “We’re selling an objectionable product to these people, ” spokesperson Rachel Prince told Designboom. “Research told us they envision seatbelt words are for boys, for the elderly, for everyone else. We worked with them to represent the undesirable something they wanted to buy.”

Rick Haira

Image recognitions: ourproductionteam

Dylan Chirnside

Image credits: ourproductionteam

Back in 2014, Willy Carberry’s car gate-crashed into a capability spar at speed before flipping over onto its side. He only survived the horrific accident because he was wearing his seatbelt, and “hes had” the injury tags across his chest to prove it.

Willy Carberry

Image credits: ourproductionteam

“F *** ing make a seatbelt on, ” was his blunt message to people who think they are invincible. In an interview with stuff.co.nz, he stressed that fate can be out of your hands when you’re out on the road leading, it’s not necessarily going to be a fault of your own that leads to a disintegrate. “”It doesn’t matter how short the trip-up is. You never know who’s going to come out of the intersection and t-bone ya, or change out of a driveway, or an old lady going down the road, having a stroke.”

James Mcdonald

Image credits: ourproductionteam

“If you don’t wear it, you’re gambling with your life, if you ask me.”

Will Giles

Image credits: ourproductionteam

James Liberona-Feek

Image ascribes: ourproductionteam

Check out some of the survivors’ hard-hitting and psychological videos below

Image recognitions: NZTransportAgency

Here’s what beings has just said- numerous shared their own stories

Baby is born in China four years after mothers died in car crash


Grandparents of Tiantian win long legal engagement for imprisonment of solidified embryos left by his mother and father

The son of a Chinese pair who died more than four years ago has been born to a surrogate mother, according to Chinese media.

Shen Jie and Liu Xi had been married for two years when they decided to try in vitro fertilization. Five epoches before they were scheduled to transplant one of the fertilized embryos into Liu, the couple died in a car accident in March 2013 in the Chinese coastal region of Jiangsu.

For the next three years, the parents of Shen and Liu fought for the rights to four solidified fetus left by their belatedly children in a complicated and unprecedented law occurrence in China, according to the Beijing News.

After several tribunal duels, the part of both parents eventually won detention of the embryos, and in January of 2017, with the aid of an subterranean surrogacy bureau, they drove to Laos to find a father. Surrogacy is illegal in China.

In December last year, Shen and Liu’s baby, a son, was born in a hospital in Guangzhou. Liu’s mother gave him the refer Tiantian, or “sweet”. Last-place month, their own families revelled Tiantian’s firstly 100 dates by viewing a small party.

Liu’s mother, Hu Xinxian, told Beijing News:” Tiantian’s gazes look like my daughter’s but overall, he examines more like “his fathers” .”

After the birth there have still been law complications. The new grandparents had to carry out DNA tests to prove their relationship to Tiantian and save custody.

The grandparents have not decided how to tell Tiantian about his background. Shen Xinan, Tiantian’s paternal granddad, told Beijing News that until Tiantian is older they will tell him his mothers are overseas.

” This boy is destined to be sad on his arrival into the world. Other babes have their papas and mothers, but he doesn’t. We will definitely tell him in the future. How can we not ?” Shen said.

‘Even the royal family enjoys it’: how the Nashville hot chicken trend began


Princes Hot Chicken started a meat cult that has all along been been emulated from all regions of the world and is likely coming your way

Heads turn as Andre Prince Jeffries- silver-tongued bangles jingling and cane in hand -makes her acces towards her reserved table at Nashville’s premiere red-hot chicken joint, Prince’s Hot Chicken.

Since her early thirties, Jeffries , now 72, has been at the helm of the poultry empire that starteda trend for cheek burning, tear-inducing fried chicken that has spread around the world.

Before Jeffries slots herself in her regular tush, facing the crowd of believers, a woman she doesn’t know steps up to her and mutters,” Thank you for being a national treasure .”

Jeffries beams.


Andre Prince Jeffries, Prince’s Hot Chicken owner.Photograph: Ben Rollins/ The Guardian

The line inside the Ewing location of Prince’s Hot Chicken Shack. In December 2018 an SUV collided into the strip mall where Prince’s was located, generating serious damage to the business. Photograph: Joe Buglewicz

The first Prince’s Hot Chicken opened almost 80 years ago. Photograph: Ben Rollins/ The Guardian

‘ I did very good I could with what I had …’: scribes on the Philip Roth they knew


A daring explorer of self-esteem is remembered by Robert McCrum, David Hare and Hannah Beckerman

Robert McCrum:’ His late prose has the command, lilt and simplicity of greatness’

When I interviewed Philip Roth in 2008, its first year of his 75 th birthday, at his pastoral home in upstate Connecticut, there seemed to be mainly three events on his knowledge: outliving his contemporaries and contenders; the ongoing fuss about the Nobel committee( would they/ wouldn’t they ?) and Portnoy’s Complaint .

As Roth, who died last week, at the age of 85- just a few days after another master of American prose, Tom Wolfe– moves into the literary pantheon, those first two worries have become irrelevant or trivial, but that frustration with the legacy of Portnoy was prescient. This “shocking” fiction is now more than 60 years old, but some readers still haven’t got over his brilliant, comic journey of a young man’s frustrated sex drive, especially as it might relate to an Jewish-American boy’s mother. A novel in the semblance of a acknowledgment, it was taken by many American readers as a admission in the guise of a fiction: Portnoy became an immediate bestseller and a succes fou .

Let us not forget, in honouring Roth’s exit, that to facilitate his solitary passion, Portnoy masteries a much richer arsenal of sex assistants than most horny young men: old-fashioned socks, his sister’s underwear, a baseball glove and- notoriously- a slice of liver for the Portnoy family dinner. This is the” talking remedy” Freud never saw, a psychotic speech, to repeat its scribe, by” a lust-ridden, mother-addicted, young Jewish bachelor-at-arms”, a laughable harangue that would make” the id back in yid “. Perhaps exclusively Harold Pinter, to whom, as a young man, Roth bore some similarity, has been possible to framed such a memorable and shocking line.

Philip Milton Roth was born into a family of second-generation American Jews from Newark, New Jersey,” before pantyhose and frozen foods”, he liked to say, in 1933. His mothers were devoted to their son.” To be at all ,” he writes of his mother and leader in his autobiography,” is to be her Philip[ and] my biography still takes its twirl from beginning as his Roth .”

He came of age in Eisenhower’s America, grown up in the suburbiums, across the Hudson, temporarily separated from the glittering desires of Manhattan, but part of a generation of young Americans, also including William Styron, John Updike and Saul Bellow, who wanted to re-examine and revitalize their society in the aftermath of the second world war, the Holocaust and Hiroshima. Roth’s elderlies- Norman Mailer, Gore Vidal and Kurt Vonnegut- had already shown the channel in their spunky takeover of the American novel. Roth, too, would set about this task through his volumes, exploding on to the amazingly genteel American literary background with Goodbye, Columbus in 1959.

From his precocious beginnings, Roth learned to endure the kind of attention that might have led even “the worlds largest” dedicated headline-hog into distracted solipsism: a persistent grumble of low-grade hostility, the spiteful scrutiny of literary minnows and, after Portnoy’s Complaint was published in 1969, ceaseless jokes about” beating off “. How quaint his literary misdemeanors seem today. From many points of view, Roth’s job epitomised the humorist Peter de Vries’s observation about American characters that” one nightmares of the goddess Fame- and airs up with the bastard Publicity “.

Some reviewers still chide him for his insouciance towards agreement, and his assaults on the American dream. Had he, I wondered, when we satisfied, ever unconsciously courted outrage?” I don’t have any appreciation of gathering ,” he replied,” least of all when I’m writing. The audience I’m writing for is me, and I’m so busy trying to figure the damn stuff out, and having so much trouble, that the last thing I should be considered is:’ What is X, Y, or Z going to be thinking of it ?'” There, in a convict, is the authentic Roth: neurotic, obsessive, contemptuous and self-centred. The only thing that’s missing is the scandalous witticism( impersonation, fantasy, wits and riffs) that attended any communication with the writer when he was in the mood, and on a roll.

Barack Obama awarding the 2011 Medal of Art and Humanities to Philip Roth at the White House, March 2011. Photograph: Patsy Lynch/ Rex/ Shutterstock

The savage indignation mingled with self-hating rage that characterised the young Roth pitched him, as a young man, into a nature of banal public curiosity. He would invest most of his evolve life fleeing its Furies, insisting that his story was not autobiographical. But regardless: so what? The the main theme of his early employment were the constant themes of his effort as a whole: the sex identity of the Jewish-American male and the troubling intricacies of any rapport with the opposite sex.

Those commentators who, on his death, have complained about Roth’s “narcissism” and affiliated contraventions, are missing the extent. Such remorseless self-examination- from Tristram Shandy and Huckleberry Finn to Tender Is the Night and The Naked and the Dead – is the novel’s timeless business. For Roth, Portnoy placed the template for all his employment, the elegant anguish of literary self-contemplation.” No modern scribe ,” Martin Amis once detected,” has taken self-examination so far and so literally .”

After Portnoy , Roth took refuge from personality in his alter ego, Nathan Zuckerman, and from the pressures of American literary life in long trances of tripping across Europe and England, culminating in his wedding to the actress Claire Bloom. This centre period of his fiction, dominated by the Zuckerman fictions, and his second union( his first spouse had died in a vehicle disintegrate in 1968) became increasingly troubled by his quest for artistic fulfilment.

The Zuckerman notebooks, for example, The Anatomy Lesson and The Counterlife , gratified and infuriated Roth’s critics and followers.” Lives into narrations, stories into lives ,” detected the literary critic and biographer Hermione Lee,” that’s the name of Roth’s doubled competition .” The novelist himself disliked to be asked about his alter egos.” Am I Roth or Zuckerman ?” he would gripe.” It’s all me. Good-for-nothing is me .” Or, in Deception :” I draft fiction and I’m told it’s autobiography; I write autobiography and I’m told it’s fiction. So since I’m so dim and they’re so smart, make them decide what it is or isn’t .”

As much as the wildernes humor of a novelist given to memorable comic effusions, this prickliness was usual. His self-assured belief in his profound originality firstly enlivened and then poisoned his relationship with Bloom who, having declared that she wanted” to spend my life with this remarkable man”, divorced him in 1995, after years of provocation. Roth had set his adultery into myths such as Deception ( 1990 ), a ruthlessly exact chronicle of an American husband’s removed from a resentful spouse in his affair with a grown English lady. Bloom went her retribution in 1996 in Leaving a Doll’s House .

After the break with Bloom, Roth retreated into splendid isolation in Connecticut, working day and night, a lonely and preferably tetchy old man with a notoriously short fuse. He celebrated this life in his 1979 fiction The Ghost Writer :” Purity. Serenity. Simplicity. Seclusion. All one’s concentration and verve and clevernes reserved for the gruelling, exalted, transcendent announcing … this is how I will live .” Sequestered with his muse, artistically he was free. As if to perplex F Scott Fitzgerald’s celebrated maxim that” there are no second acts in American lives”, he lunged himself into a frenzy of piece.” If I get up at five and I can’t sleep and I want to work ,” he told the New Yorker ,” I used to go and I go to work .”

The romances of Roth’s old age still leave many American novelists half his age in his junk. The turning of the 20 th century ascertained the remarkable late flowering of his imagination in American Pastoral ( 1997 ), I Married a Communist ( 1998 ), The Human Stain ( 2000 ), and a spookily prophetic The Plot Against America ( 2004 ). Now, at long last, he was no longer an enfant terrible, but America’s elder statesman of letters. His late prose has the dictation, pattern and clarity of greatness: paroles written and rewritten in almost monkish seclusion.

In his final years, he lived alone, at least up there. In New York, where he wintered, as a literary lion, it was a different story. On my visit to his rural paradise, once the business of the interrogation was over, he testified off the reserve in which he cherished to swim, his lawns and, eventually, the simple wooden part in which he would copy, standing up, as if on guard at the entrances of the American imagination. Never a era elapsed when he did not stare at those three abominable terms: qwertyuiop, asdfghjkl and zxcvbnm. As he once said, rather grimly:” So I cultivate, I’m on call. I’m like a doctor and it’s an emergency room. And I’m the emergency .”

Roth’s late novels were really novellas, but they are also commanded, and received, respectful attention, at the least from those who were not troubled by the hoary age-old the allegations of ” misogyny” and “narcissism”. Perhaps Roth sensed his demise was near. With surprising modesty, he liked to repeated the valedictory texts of the great boxer, Joe Louis:” I did very good I could with what I had .”

In 2007, he wrote Exit Ghost , his farewell to Zuckerman, and then, in 2010, a goodbye to all volumes, his last-place romance, Nemesis . In 2012, he told the BBC that he would write no more and ease himself” ever deeper daily into the redoubtable Valley of the Shadow “. Recognising his prominence on the American scene, the Observer praised” the sheer gratify of his form- that prolonged, lucid, accurate and subtly cadenced prose who is able to save you inside the dynamic anticipates of one of his attributes for as numerous pages as he misses “. In a channel, that’s beside the point. His subject remained, to the end, in the words of Martin Amis,” himself, himself, himself “.

Robert McCrum is a former Observer literary writer. His most recent work is Every Third Thought( Picador )

Hannah Beckerman:’ He hurled questions back at you, became you crusaded your corner’

Beckerman with Roth outside his writing studio in Connecticut, 2003. Photograph: Courtesy of Hannah Beckerman

It was a Wednesday afternoon when my telephone rang at work.

” Can I be addressed to Hannah Beckerman ?” an American voice asked.” It’s Philip Roth .”

It was 2002, and I was a 27 -year-old BBC television producer. A few weeks previously, I’d transmit a letter to Roth’s agent in New York, pitching the idea for a documentary to commemorate his 70 th birthday. In those epoches I send a lot of speculative letters to authors I admired and rarely got a reply, let alone a personal phone call.

” So, shall we talk about this film you want to obligate ?”

Over the next hour, Roth and I talked about his cultivate: about accusations of misogyny (” I’m not a misogynist. I’ve never understood people saying that “); about parent-child affairs in American Pastoral ; about whether Mickey Sabbath was an unlikable reputation.” He’s angry, but don’t you think he has good reason to be angry ?” Roth did that a lot: shed the question back at you, induced you fight your area, pushed “youre going to” interrogate your own position.

At the end of the bellow, Roth said we should ” speak again “. Over the course of the next year, about once a week my phone would reverberate and a spokesperson was just saying:” Hannah, it’s Philip .” We has spoken about his run, American literature, my Jewish grandfather, politics. Strangely, at the time, those announcements didn’t impress me as astonishing. I retained no periodical of them, as I might do now. Perhaps it was the folly of boy, or perhaps it was because those discussions were, above all else, enjoyable. Even when he was challenging me- and I is known as being hindered on my toes – his incisive humour disintegrate through.

A year later, Roth agreed to take part in the documentary. It was only then that I realised he’d been vetting me: he wanted to know that I understood his drive, that I appreciated it, that I was going to treat him- and his novels- with integrity.

It was a snowy February afternoon when I arrived in Connecticut with two BBC peers. We met Roth for dinner at a restaurant. He was funny and sharp, just as he’d been during our phone calls. We shared a dessert: something with chocolate. A friend of his arrived and connected us for sips. Exclusively later did I discover it was the film director Milos Forman.

The next morning, we arrived at his home: a large, gray-haired clapboard mansion nuzzled in the groves on a superhighway you probably wouldn’t find if you weren’t looking forward to it. Roth reacted the door in tracksuit freighters and an old sweatshirt.” I’m doing my utilizations. Come on in .” The sitting room was light-headed and airy, with large-scale spaces that allow in the low-spirited wintertime sunbathe, and there was music playing. We chit-chat while he activity on a mat laid down by on the shiny wooden floor. The residence was lived in: bookshelves, two sofas facing one another in the middle of the chamber, an ancient Tv. I presented him how to work his misbehaving VHS machine, and he talked me through the pictures stuck to his fridge: vintage photographs, mailing-cards of Jackson Pollock paints( he was a fan of Pollock , not so much Rothko ). He pointed out the pond in the garden-variety where he swam and showed me his writing studio- precisely a few steps from the house and made from the same grey clapboard- complete with the lectern where he now copied standing up to accommodate his bad back.

In the three days I invested filming with him, Roth was easygoing, good fellowship- far removed from the angry, misanthropic attributes in some of his novels, identity characters so many commentators have wrongly be due to Roth himself.

A couple of months later, my mobile phone rang. It was Roth to tell me he’d seen the documentary and loved it.” But who the hell was that actor you got to do the reads from my romances? His voice was all wrong .” Roth was right: the actor had been badly thrown. And that final telephone calls from Roth summing-ups him up perfectly: generous but challenging, promoting a wry smile while highlighting errors, and with an ravenous vigour to question everything around him.

Hannah Beckerman is a novelist, correspondent and producer of the BBC film Philip Roth’s America

David Hare:’ American ardour for newness was the source of his inspiration’

Philip Roth revisiting a childhood recur in Newark, New Jersey, 1968. Photograph: Bob Peterson/ The Life Images Collection/ Getty

I first satisfy Philip Roth through a reciprocal love with his fellow novelist Julian Mitchell. They had been students together in the United Government. But it was when he was living in England in the early 1980 s that we flourished closer.

His first reason for being in London was that he was with Claire Bloom. But the move also suited his intents. Even a writer of his steely resolve was exhausted by all the hysteria attendant on the publication of Portnoy’s Complaint . You could tell how relieved he was to be living in one of the leafier parts of South Kensington and to work together daily in a quiet area in Notting Hill.

Philip was pure scribe through and through, and he was deeply interested in, and extremely generous towards, all persons who he thought took writing as gravely as he did. In particular, he testified a humorous interest in younger peers like me, Christopher Hampton and Ian McEwan. He liked the fact that Christopher and I acted in the theatre, because Philip clearly had an itch for the stage, which he didn’t know how to scratch.( He did eventually change The Cherry Orchard for Claire to play Madame Ranyevskaya in Chichester ).

We took to having lunch together every couple of weeks in a classy eatery called Monsieur Thompson’s. Philip was the wittiest conversationalist you could imagine, and it didn’t take long to notice that all his revelry and frothing glare were directed towards uncovering hypocrisy. He only disliked people posing as better than they were. He revelled in the play-act Pravda , which Howard Brenton and I created about a Murdoch-like newspaper proprietor, and equally in Anthony Hopkins’s demonic execution, because he said it was a sign that I was finally facing up to the fact that I wasn’t, in his terms,” a neat boy “. In life, I could pretend to be nice if I missed, that was my business, but it was a useless position from which to write. Men and women were good and evil, devious and kind, fine and flawed. You was only able to write well if you stopped pretending to be virtuous.

There were experiences when talking to him, say, about his first wife, that I began to wonder whether he was overly in love with a writer’s necessary ruthlessness. Because I once happened to be in New York, he asked me to stand in on his behalf opening the wing of a library in his old college at Bucknell in Pennsylvania. When I returned, he was desperate to hear everything about the opportunity, as though there were more fictional juice for him in things being determined through my borrowed eyes rather through his own. There was a voyeuristic shine when I told him which of his old classmates had was right here, exactly what we they wearing, and how they had reacted to the speech he had given me to read.

In time, Monsieur Thompson’s folded, and he took instead to lunching in Spudulike. Suddenly, there was America’s most famous novelist, unrecognised, daily eating a baked potato and coleslaw, right next to Notting Hill tube. It was in Spudulike that he stopped trying to persuade me to go to the Middle East. He guessed the rabid Jewish pioneers were amusing. When I protested that religious zealotry was his subject matter , not mine, he replied:” I predict you, David, these people are so crazy there’s room enough for all of us .”

By the time he left the UK, there were aspects of his behaviour- in relation to his romantic life with Claire, and to violent severs with one or two of his best friends- that had a new and fearing ferocity. He claimed to be driven away by upper-class antisemitism. But in fact it turned out he needed to get back home for a simpler reason. American rage for newness was the causes of his inspiration.

He followed up his expatriate with the most stunning ranged of any contemporary novelist: Sabbath’s Theater , American Pastoral and The Human Stain . In urban Connecticut he paid the local paper shop 25 cents additional to deliver his New York Times with the culture section ripped out, because it infuriated him so much better. Critics who had once accused him of obscenity now converted the charge to misogyny. But they were missing the place. We were registering a pious age in which, in public, parties were going to claim to be without discoloration, driving as hard on their impeccable ethical castes as they did on their abs and their pecs. But Philip, in our lifetime, was the supreme anatomist of the distinction between who we claim to be and how we react. That is why his occupation, more than anyone else’s, remains still cherished, still resented.

David Hare is an English playwright and screenwriter. His new play, I’m Not Running, opens at the National Theatre in the autumn

Tesla driver says automobile was in autopilot when it disintegrated at 60 mph


Driver of Model S, which failed to stop at a red light and collided with a firetruck in Utah, told researchers she was using the semi-autonomous system

The driver of a Tesla automobile that failed to stop at a red light and crashed with a firetruck told researchers that the vehicle was operating on “autopilot” mode when it gate-crashed, police said.

A Tesla Model S was traveling at 60 mph when it collided with the emergency vehicle in South Jordan, Utah, on Friday, inducing minor injuries to both operators, officials said Monday. The Tesla driver’s claim that the car was using the autopilot technology has raised fresh questions about the electric car company’s semi-autonomous system, which is supposed to assist operators in steering the road.

The exact case of the gate-crash, which left the driver with a smashed ankle, remains unknown, with Tesla saying it did not yet have the car’s data and could not comment on whether autopilot was engaged. South Jordan police also said the 28 -year-old driver” admitted that she was looking at her telephone prior to the collision” and that evidences said the car did not brake or take any action to avoid the crash.

” As a remember for operators of semi-autonomous vehicles, it is the driver’s responsibility to stay alert, drive safely, and be in control of the vehicle at all seasons ,” the police department said in a statement.

The vistum of the gate-crash in Utah. Photograph: Courtesy of the South Jordan police department

While driverless technology is expected to construct the roads greatly safer by reducing human error and crashes, business like Tesla are currently in a transition period that some experts say has created unique gambles. That’s because semi-autonomous aspects, research illustrates how, can lull operators into a incorrect gumption of security rights and make it hard for them to remain alert and happen as needed.

Tesla has faced backlash for its decision to firebrand these new technologies” autopilot“, considering the fact that the drivers are expected not to is dependant on the facet to keep them safe.

After a Tesla autopilot crash in March resulted in the driver’s death, the company issued a series of lengthy statements blaming the main victims for” not give attention “.

On Monday, Tesla’s CEO Elon Musk complained about an article on the Utah crash, writing on Twitter:” It’s super messed up that a Tesla crash ensuing in a transgres ankle is front sheet bulletin and the~ 40,000 people who died in US auto accidents alone in past year get almost no coverage .”

He too wrote that it was ” actually amazing” the collision at 60 mph exclusively resulted in a interrupt ankle:” An impact at that accelerate often outcomes in acute injury or death .”

Musk has on numerous occasions powerfully chastised journalists investigating Tesla crashes, arguing that the unflattering news coverage was dissuading people from employing the technology and thus” killing people” in the process. After Tesla recently labeled an award-winning news outlet an” fanatic company”, some critics compared the company’s hyperbolic denouncements of the press to the anti-media strategy of Donald Trump.