Emotional Henry Kissinger called to say it was worse than a death in the family and Soviet ambassador reported consternation

Margaret Thatchers abandonment as British “ministers ” provoked rips in Washington and bewilderment in Moscow, is in accordance with trade secrets Downing Street file exhausted on Friday.

Henry Kissinger rang Downing Street in a very emotional state saying her decision to resign was worse than a fatality in the family, while Thatchers closest consultant, Charles Powell, told the US national defence consultant, General Brent Scowcroft, that her deviation was a sad commentary on conditions of loyalty in politics.

The Downing Street file entitled The Resignation of the “Ministers “, Margaret Thatcher, includes eulogies from world leaders to Thatcher, a two-page briefing note from the cabinet secretary explaining why an immediate general election was not necessary, and a acceptance action plan setting out a timetable for the fateful epoch of 22 November 1990.

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Thatcher on her judgement day in Downing Street. Photograph: Martin Argles for the Guardian

It also contains a strange 1991 rebuttal by John Wakeham, then a cabinet minister, of allegations in a forthcoming book by the correspondent Alan Watkins that he had deliberately triggered Thatchers downfall by initiating the ceremony of cabinet ministers who one by one informed her she would not win a second round leadership ballot against Michael Heseltine.

Thatcher quit to leave the field clear for John Major and Douglas Hurd to fight off Heseltine, a move recorded by the Guardian that day under the headline: Battle to halt the usurper.

The cabinet documents for 1989 and 1990 secreted at the National Archive at Kew on Friday also include the minutes of Thatchers last-place cabinet gratify, during which she said her consultations among peers had indicated that all were supportive but most thought that it was now unlikely she would prevail the ballot. Officially the instants record that the cabinet took note, with profound sadness, of the statement by the prime minister.

The files likewise contain articles from the October 1989 acceptance of her chancellor, Nigel Lawson, which evidence Thatchers principal private secretary, Andrew Turnball, told her that she could pass his resignation to her advantage by exposing his program of trying to get sterling into the European Monetary System by the back door by shadowing the Deutschmark despite her opposition.

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Thatcher with Nigel Lawson. Photograph: Manchester Daily Express/ SSPL via Getty Images

Thatchers departure was partially triggered by popular resentment over the canvas tariff, which she championed. It was seen as an is making an effort to alteration additional burdens of taxes from the rich to the poor and as an example of an increasingly authoritarian mode of leadership.

Geoffrey Howe renounced as deputy prime minister at the opening up of November in declaration over her European policies and in an agonising Commons discussion recommended the time had come for defendant colleagues to consider their own response to the terrible conflict of allegiances with which I have myself wrestled for perhaps too long. Michael Heseltine then objection her for the Conservative party leadership, provoking a game from which she subsequently moved.

The Downing Street articles show that while Thatchers resignation was regarded as a slow-motion car accident by those at Westminster, it was saluted with incomprehension in the wider world.

In Kissingers psychological phone call to No 10 he told Thatchers foreign policy adviser, Powell, that she had been one of the great people of modern times and nothing outside Britain surely nothing outside Westminster could understand how your fellow Conservatives could have done this.

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Henry Kissinger, the former United states secretary of state. Photo: PA

The feeling was even more acute in Moscow. The Soviet ambassador handed over a personal letter to Margaret from Mikhail Gorbachev saying there had been bewilderment at the turn of events: Gorbachev had sent Shevardnadze[ his foreign minister] out of a high level fit in the Kremlin to telephone him, to find out what on globe was going on and how such a thing “couldve been” imaginable, preserved Powell.

The ambassador said that he had indeed felt it very hard to explain. Indeed, there was a certain irony. Five years ago they had defendant takeovers in the Soviet Union and elections held in Britain. Now it seemed to be the other way round.

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Thatcher with Mikhail Gorbachev in 1987. Photograph: AFP/ Getty Images

A Foreign Office review of Italian press reaction says various newspapers compared her to Queen Elizabeth I and Queen Victoria and the general idea is that she was a great chairman introduced down by her own intransigence. One Italian weekly, Panorama, takes the position that although the domestic economy, the referendum tax and Europe were major factors in her increasing unpopularity most British politicians saw it unbearable that the status of women should continue to lead them.

The eulogies are also notable for the personal meanings from the heads of the security services. Patrick Walker of MI5 thanks her for her reinforce, particularly as the first part of the 1980 s with the Bettaney instance and its aftermath and the Peter Wright saga were not easy.

The Downing Street file reveals that while global leaders were aloud singing her praises her own cabinet colleagues were notably little effusive. A collect among members of her last locker organized by Ken Baker. It was enough to buy a duet of silver candlesticks. But her successor, John Major, have recognized that the presentation should take place softly in the lord chancellors lodges at Westminster as this would be both little unpleasant for her and too allure less publicity than an affair for this purpose in No 10.

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