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Brad Pitt Shows Up For Kanye West’s Sunday Service In Watts! – Perez Hilton

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What a big day for Kanye West — with maybe an unexpected facilitate from none other than Brad Pitt himself!

The 55 -year-old actor astounded everyone in Watts, California on Sunday morning when he presented up unannounced

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As you can see based on a photo posted to this Instagram fan sheet( below ), Brad was dressed moderately casually for the episode, with a dark hat and sunglasses. West himself was all smiles for the happen, clearly

Angelina Jolie ‘ s ex wasn’t the only sun in attendance at this Sunday service in the city in south Los Angeles; according to reports, also on hand for the see on Sunday morning were Kim Kardashian West , as well as her sisters from KUWTK , including Kourtney and Khloe Kardashian and Kendall Jenner . Even Rob Kardashian ’s ex-girlfriend Adrienne Bailon made it out for the see! Wow !!

Obviously, it remains to be seen where these Sunday services will be terminated travelling as West continues to grow them bigger and bigger, but one thing is for sure: there’s clearly a market for them, and beings all over the country may soon be able to have their route and join in on all the fun. So great!

Reactions, Perezcious readers ?! Sound off with all of your opinions about Yeezy’s Sunday service and so much more in the comments section( below )!!!

[ Image via WENN ]

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The Trump administration has taken its conflict on climate crisis action to a brand-new height

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( CNN) On Wednesday, CNN hosted a multi-hour town hall with leading Democratic presidential candidates about how they would deal with the climate crisis, which numerous people feel is an existential threat to humankind.

On Thursday, the Trump administration moved to roll back long-planned new standards for light bulbs, which is, if not the most consequential move, at least a signal that it still isn’t interested in doing anything about electrical efficiency.

On Friday, the Wall Street Journal reportedthat the Trump administration has opened an antitrust investigation into four automobile business — Ford, Honda, BMW and Volkswagen — that agreed with the state of California to raise their gasoline economy standards in coming years. As the eighth-largest economy in the world, there’s a good chance that California’s standards could de facto become the nation’s. The investigation comes after Trump made a big show in July of untying a similar and more stringent agreement the Obama administration had obligated with vehicle companies.

‘ I did very good I could with what I had …’: columnists on the Philip Roth they knew

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A daring explorer of self-esteem is remembered by Robert McCrum, David Hare and Hannah Beckerman

Robert McCrum:’ His late prose has the dictation, lilt and simplicity of greatness’

When I interviewed Philip Roth in 2008, its first year of his 75 th birthday, at his pastoral home in upstate Connecticut, there appeared to be principally three things on his head: outliving his peers and challengers; the ongoing fuss about the Nobel committee( would they/ wouldn’t they ?) and Portnoy’s Complaint .

As Roth, who died last week, at persons under the age of 85- just a few days after another master of American prose, Tom Wolfe– slips into the literary pantheon, those first two frets have become irrelevant or trivial, but that exasperation with the gift of Portnoy was prescient. This “shocking” novel is now more than 60 years old, but some readers still haven’t got over his brilliant, comic journey of a young man’s forestalled sex drive, especially as it might be applied to an Jewish-American boy’s mother. A romance in the semblance of a creed, it was taken by numerous American readers as a admission in the guise of a fiction: Portnoy became an immediate bestseller and a succes fou .

Let us not forget, in honouring Roth’s exit, that to facilitate his solitary passion, Portnoy requires a much richer arsenal of sexuality assistances than most horny young men: old-fashioned socks, his sister’s underwear, a baseball glove and- notoriously- a slice of liver for the Portnoy family dinner. This is the” talking medicine” Freud never envisaged, a psychotic speech, to paraphrase its author, by” a lust-ridden, mother-addicted, young Jewish bachelor”, a ludicrous tirade that would apply” the id back in yid “. Perhaps exclusively Harold Pinter, to whom, as a young man, Roth bore some resemblance, could have framed such a memorable and outrageous line.

Philip Milton Roth was born into a family of second-generation American Jews from Newark, New Jersey,” before pantyhose and frozen foods”, he liked to say, in 1933. His mothers were devoted to their son.” To be at all ,” he writes of his mother and papa in his autobiography,” is to be her Philip[ and] my record still takes its invent from beginning as his Roth .”

He came of age in Eisenhower’s America, growing up in the suburbiums, across the Hudson, temporarily kept separate from the glittering temptations of Manhattan, but part of a generation of young Americans, also including William Styron, John Updike and Saul Bellow, who wanted to re-examine and regenerate their society in the aftermath of the second world war, the Holocaust and Hiroshima. Roth’s seniors- Norman Mailer, Gore Vidal and Kurt Vonnegut- had already shown the style in their vivaciou takeover of the American novel. Roth, very, would set about this duty through his volumes, erupting on to the surprisingly genteel American literary incident with Goodbye, Columbus in 1959.

From his precocious beginnings, Roth learned to endure the kind of attention that might have led even “the worlds largest” dedicated headline-hog into distracted solipsism: a lingering grumble of low-grade hostility, the envious its further consideration of literary minnows and, after Portnoy’s Complaint was published in 1969, incessant jokes about” wham off “. How quaint his literary misdemeanors seem today. From many points of view, Roth’s profession epitomised the humorist Peter de Vries’s observation about American characters that” one dreams of the goddess Fame- and winds up with the bitch Publicity “.

Some commentators still chide him for his insouciance towards assembly, and his assaults on the American dream. Had he, I wondered, where reference is filled, ever unconsciously courted cruelty?” I don’t have any appreciation of gathering ,” he replied,” least of all when I’m writing. The audience I’m writing for is me, and I’m so busy trying to figure the damn thing out, and having so much trouble, that the last thing I must be considered is:’ What is X, Y, or Z going to be thinking of it ?'” There, in a sentence, is the genuine Roth: neurotic, obsessive, contemptuous and self-centred. The only thing that’s missing is the outrageous fun( parody, fantasy, wits and riffs) that attended any speech with the writer when he was in the mood, and on a roll.

Barack
Barack Obama awarding the 2011 Medal of Art and Humanities to Philip Roth at the White House, March 2011. Photograph: Patsy Lynch/ Rex/ Shutterstock

The savage indignation mingled with self-hating rage that characterised the young Roth pitched him, as a young man, into a nature of banal public curiosity. He would invest most of his grow life absconding its Furies, insisting that his myth was not autobiographical. But regardless: so what? The themes of his early project were the constant the main theme of his run as a whole: the sexual identity of the Jewish-American male and the troubling intricacies of any relationship with the opposite sex.

Those critics who, on his death, have complained about Roth’s “narcissism” and accompanied crimes, are missing the item. Such remorseless self-examination- from Tristram Shandy and Huckleberry Finn to Tender Is the Night and The Naked and the Dead – is the novel’s timeless business. For Roth, Portnoy gave the template for all his labor, the exquisite torture of literary self-contemplation.” No modern columnist ,” Martin Amis once saw,” has taken self-examination so far and so literally .”

After Portnoy , Roth took refuge from celebrity in his alter ego, Nathan Zuckerman, and from the pressures of American literary life in long sorceries of hurtling across Europe and England, culminating in his matrimony to the actress Claire Bloom. This middle reporting period his myth, dominated by the Zuckerman novels, and his second wedding( his first spouse have been killed in a automobile disintegrate in 1968) became increasingly troubled by his quest for artistic fulfilment.

The Zuckerman notebooks, for example, The Anatomy Lesson and The Counterlife , charmed and enraged Roth’s commentators and love.” Lives into stories, tales into lives ,” find the literary critic and biographer Hermione Lee,” that’s the name of Roth’s doubled game .” The novelist himself disliked to be asked about his alter egos.” Am I Roth or Zuckerman ?” he would gripe.” It’s all me. Nothing is me .” Or, in Deception :” I write fiction and I’m told it’s autobiography; I write autobiography and I’m told it’s story. So since I’m so dim and they’re so smart, tell them decide what it is or isn’t .”

As much as the wild humour of a scribe be provided to memorable comic effusions, this prickliness was typical. His self-assured belief in his profound originality firstly invigorated and then poisoned his relationship with Bloom who, having declared that she craved” to expend my life with this remarkable man”, divorced him in 1995, after years of provocation. Roth had applied his adultery into fictions such as Deception ( 1990 ), a ruthlessly precise account of an American husband’s escape from a envious wife in his affair with a raised English maiden. Bloom get her retaliation in 1996 in Leaving a Doll’s House .

After the break with Bloom, Roth retreated into splendid isolation in Connecticut, working day and night, a lonely and rather tetchy old person with a notoriously short fuse. He celebrated this life in his 1979 tale The Ghost Writer :” Purity. Serenity. Simplicity. Seclusion. All one’s concentration and verve and individuality reserved for the gruelling, praised, transcendent calling … this is how I will live .” Sequestered with his muse, artistically he was free. As if to mystify F Scott Fitzgerald’s celebrated maxim that” there are no second acts in American lives”, he lunged himself into a frenzy of arrangement.” If I get up at five and I can’t sleep and I want to work ,” he told the New Yorker ,” I go out and I to work .”

The novels of Roth’s old age still leave many American novelists half his age in his dust. The turning of the 20 th century encountered the remarkable late flowering of his imagination in American Pastoral ( 1997 ), I Married a Communist ( 1998 ), The Human Stain ( 2000 ), and a spookily prophetic The Plot Against America ( 2004 ). Now, at long last, he was no longer an enfant terrible, but America’s elder statesman of letters. His late prose has the authority, pattern and clarity of greatness: statements written and rewritten in virtually monkish seclusion.

In his final years, he lived alone, at least up there. In New York, where he wintered, as a literary lion, it was a different story. On my visit to his rural paradise, once the business of the interrogation was over, he indicated off the consortium in which he adoration to swim, his lawns and, ultimately, the simple wooden part in which he would write, standing up, as if on guard at the doors of the American imagination. Never a era legislated when he did not stare at those three spiteful words: qwertyuiop, asdfghjkl and zxcvbnm. As he formerly said, rather grimly:” So I labor, I’m on call. I’m like a doctor and it’s an emergency room. And I’m emergency situations .”

Roth’s late fictions were really novellas, but they still dominated, and received, respectful courtesy, at least from those who were not troubled by the hoary old-fashioned the allegations of ” misogyny” and “narcissism”. Perhaps Roth felt his extremity was near. With surprising meeknes, he liked to mentioned the valedictory messages of the great boxer, Joe Louis:” I did very good I could with what I had .”

In 2007, he publicized Exit Ghost , his farewell to Zuckerman, and then, in 2010, a goodbye to all journals, his last romance, Nemesis . In 2012, he told the BBC that he would write no more and ease himself” ever deeper daily into the redoubtable Valley of the Shadow “. Recognising his stature on the American scene, the Observer praised” the sheer revel of his form- that sustained, lucid, accurate and subtly cadenced prose that are in a position keep you inside the dynamic ponders of one of his reputations for as many sheets as he requires “. In a direction, that’s beside the point. His subject remained, to the end, in the words of Martin Amis,” himself, himself, himself “.

Robert McCrum is a former Observer literary editor. His recent book is Every Third Thought( Picador )

Hannah Beckerman:’ He threw questions back at you, obligated you crusaded your corner’

Beckerman
Beckerman with Roth outside his writing studio in Connecticut, 2003. Photograph: Courtesy of Hannah Beckerman

It was a Wednesday afternoon when my telephone ring at work.

” Can I start fucking talking to Hannah Beckerman ?” an American voice questioned.” It’s Philip Roth .”

It was 2002, and I was a 27 -year-old BBC television producer. A few weeks previously, I’d transport a letter to Roth’s agent in New York, sloping the idea for a documentary to observe his 70 th birthday. In those daytimes I cast a lot of speculative a letter addressed to writers I admired and rarely got a reply, let alone a personal phone call.

” So, shall we talk about this movie you want to realize ?”

Over the next hour, Roth and I has spoken about his study: about accusations of misogyny (” I’m not a misogynist. I’ve never understood people saying that “); about parent-child ties-in in American Pastoral ; about whether Mickey Sabbath was an unlikable persona.” He’s angry, but don’t you think he has good reason to be angry ?” Roth did that a lot: hurled the question back at you, manufactured you opposed your reces, pushed you to interrogate your own position.

At the end of the see, Roth said we should ” have spoken “. Over the course of the next year, about formerly a week my phone would reverberate and a singer would say:” Hannah, it’s Philip .” We has spoken about his occupation, American literature, my Jewish grandfather, politics. Strangely, at the time, those requests didn’t impress me as amazing. I retained no periodical of them, as I might do now. Perhaps it was the folly of boy, or perhaps it was because those communications were, above all else, enjoyable. Even when he was challenging me- and I be informed of being retained on my toes – his incisive humour shatter through.

A year later, Roth agreed to take part in the documentary. It was only then that I realised he’d been vetting me: he wanted to know that I understood his toil, that I appreciated it, that I was going to treat him- and his novels- with integrity.

It was a snowy February afternoon when I arrived in Connecticut with two BBC peers. We assembled Roth for dinner at a eatery. He was funny and sharp-witted, just as he’d been during our phone calls. We shared a dessert: something with chocolate. A friend of his arrived and connected us for drinkings. Merely later did I discover it was the film director Milos Forman.

The next morning, we arrived at his home: a large, grey-haired clapboard room nestled in the woods on a street you probably wouldn’t find if you weren’t looking forward to it. Roth refuted the door in tracksuit posteriors and an age-old sweatshirt.” I’m doing my efforts. Come on in .” The sitting room was light and airy, with large-scale openings that let in the low-spirited winter sun, and there was music playing. We chit-chat while he exercised on a mat laid down by on the polished wooden flooring. The room was lived in: bookshelves, two couches facing one another in the middle of the area, an ancient Tv. I evidenced him how to work his misbehaving VHS machine, and he talked me through the pictures stuck to his fridge: vintage photographs, mailing-cards of Jackson Pollock decorates( he was a fan of Pollock , not so much better Rothko ). He point out here that the pond in the garden where he swam and been demonstrated by his writing studio- precisely a few steps from the house and made from the same grey clapboard- complete with the lectern where he now wrote standing up to accommodate his bad back.

In the three days I invested filming with him, Roth was easygoing, good corporation- removed from the enraged, misanthropic characters in some of his novels, identity idiosyncrasies so many critics have wrongly attributable to Roth himself.

A couple of months later, my mobile phone rang. It was Roth to tell me he’d seen the documentary and loved it.” But who the hell was that actor you got to do the deciphers from my novels? His voice was all wrong .” Roth was right: the actor had been badly thrown. And that final phone call from Roth sums him up perfectly: generous but challenging, conjuring a wry smile while foreground mistakes, and with an ravenous verve to question everything around him.

Hannah Beckerman is a novelist, journalist and farmer of the BBC film Philip Roth’s America

David Hare:’ American affection for newness was the source of his inspiration’

Philip
Philip Roth revisiting a childhood recur in Newark, New Jersey, 1968. Photograph: Bob Peterson/ The Life Images Collection/ Getty

I first met Philip Roth through a reciprocal love with his fellow novelist Julian Mitchell. They had been students together in the United Commonwealth. But it was when he was living in England in the early 1980 s that we developed closer.

His first reason for being in London was that he was with Claire Bloom. But the move likewise suited his purposes. Even a writer of his steely solve was spent by all the hysteria attendant on the publication of Portnoy’s Complaint . You could tell how relieved he was to be living in one of the leafier parts of South Kensington and to work together daily in a quiet area in Notting Hill.

Philip was pure novelist through and through, and he was deeply interested in, and extremely generous towards, anyone who he thought took writing as earnestly as he did. In particular, he depicted a whimsical interest in younger peers like me, Christopher Hampton and Ian McEwan. He liked the fact that Christopher and I acted in the theatre, because Philip clearly had an itch for the stage, which he didn’t know how to scratch.( He did eventually change The Cherry Orchard for Claire to play Madame Ranyevskaya in Chichester ).

We took to having lunch together every couple of weeks in a posh restaurant called Monsieur Thompson’s. Philip was the wittiest conversationalist you could imagine, and it didn’t take long to notice that all his merriment and illusion splendour were directed towards exposing hypocrisy. He simply hated people constituting as better than they were. He revelled in the gambling Pravda , which Howard Brenton and I wrote about a Murdoch-like newspaper proprietor, and equally in Anthony Hopkins’s devilish conduct, because he said it was a sign that I was finally facing up to the fact that I wasn’t, in his terms,” a neat son “. In life, I could pretend to be nice if I missed, that was my business, but it was a useless position from which to write. Men and women were good and evil, devious and kind, penalty and flawed. You could have been write well if you stopped pretending to be virtuous.

There were seasons when talking to him, say, about his first partner, that I began to wonder whether he was overly in love with a writer’s necessary ruthlessness. Because I formerly happened to be in New York, he asked a question to stand in on his behalf opening the wing of a library in his old college at Bucknell in Pennsylvania. When I returned, he was desperate to hear everything about the opportunity, as though there were more fictional juice for him in things being discovered through my borrowed seeings rather through his own. There was a voyeuristic sparkle when I told him which of his old classmates had “re out there”, what were they wearing, and how they had reacted to the speech he had given me to read.

In time, Monsieur Thompson’s folded, and he took instead to lunching in Spudulike. Suddenly, there was America’s most famous novelist, unrecognised, daily eating a baked potato and coleslaw, right next to Notting Hill tube. It was in Spudulike that he impeded trying to persuade me to go to the Middle East. He speculated the fanatical Jewish pioneers were funny. When I affirmed that religious zealotry was his subject matter , not mine, he replied:” I predict you, David, these people are so crazy there’s room enough for all of us .”

By the time he left the UK, there were aspects of his behaviour- in relation to his nostalgic life with Claire, and to violent ruptures with one or two of his best friends- that had a brand-new and startling violence. He claimed to be driven away by upper-class antisemitism. But in fact it turned out he needed to get back home for a simpler reason. American joy for newness was the resources of his inspiration.

He followed up his exile with “the worlds largest” stupefying run of any contemporary novelist: Sabbath’s Theater , American Pastoral and The Human Stain . In rural Connecticut he paid the local paper shop 25 pennies extra to deliver his New York Times with the culture section rent out, because it enraged him so much. Critics who had once accused him of obscenity now changed the charge to misogyny. But they were missing the point. We were participating a pious period in which, in public, people were going to claim to be without discolour, acting as hard on their impeccable ethical outlooks as they did on their abs and their pecs. But Philip, in our lifetime, was the supreme anatomist of the distinctions between who we claim to be and how we behave. That is why his operate, more than anyone else’s, remains still desired, still resented.

David Hare is an English playwright and screenwriter. His new play, I’m Not Running, opens at the National Theatre in the autumn

British Grand Prix: Kimi Raikkonen’s wife weighs in on Lewis Hamilton spat

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After a stunning hasten Kimi Rikknens wife has her say on Lewis Hamiltons mentions while Ferraris car controls the conditions and McLaren and Williams hang their heads

What had been a thrilling race to the end was still disappointing for Lewis Hamilton and Mercedes and they closed it with what felt like sour grapes. The suggestion that Ferrari were deliberately targeting their autoes and that Kimi Raikkonen had intentionally smacked Hamilton was farcical on many levels , not least that anticipated to do so would have had to anticipate Hamilton losing places.

Equally with shatter likely to go both spaces and Ferrari very much in the constructors’ battle it would have been self-defeating. Hamilton and Mercedes have since accepted it was a hastening happen. Their reaction was perhaps a thoughtfulnes of the heat of the moment and the stun of being pulsated in their backyard where they have been so reigning for so long. Raikkonen’s partner, Minttu, had her own take on the spat.” If you cry like a girl when you lose, do ballet ,” she wrote on Instagram.

Ferrari have the advantage

Vettel’s reaction was of huge satisfaction at having pulsated Mercedes at Silverstone. “Grande vittoria,” he said.” Qui a casa loro “. Understandably the German was delirious at having done it” here at their residence “. Beating Mercedes at the convene where they have won every time since the turbo-hybrid era began was significant. Mercedes fetched their new engine to Paul Ricard and their first major aero upgrade to Austria.

They would have expected to have put their noses in front but Ferrari with a brand-new flooring at Silverstone look to have coincided or bettered them. Certainly the Scuderia’s gondola play-acts better in the high temperatures, with the Mercedes at its best in the relative cool of Friday morning. Just what the differential between Vettel and Hamilton might have been had they “re fighting” on the same tyres for the same part of track ogles too close to call but with hot races expected at the next rounds in Hockenheim and Budapest, it is Ferrari who have every reason to believe they are the front runners.

McLaren’s firstly task

McLaren reopen the week of their dwelling magnificent prix by announce the acceptance of their sport director Eric Boullier , not unexpected bulletin given the torrid meter the team have been enduring. They accompanied it with a restructuring of management roles as they try to reverse the decline with the team now at the lowest part in their 52 -year history.

The CEO, Zak Brown, foreground a dearth of consistent leadership at the team since 2012 as center to the problem but that was compounded by a lack of singular technological vision driving the building of the car, instead utilizing a group of three districts. The former McLaren designer John Barnard foreground it as the key problem and Brown declared the result was ” not a good race car “. What is clear is the need to address this issue and it can be expected that the next large-scale announcement from McLaren will be the appointment of a single technical head. Their problem with the current market is just whom they can find to crowd the crucial role.

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Sebastian Vettel triumphs British GP as Lewis Hamilton claws back second recognize- video

Williams heartbreak compounded

The deputy team principal, Claire Williams, said she was dreading the team’s home grand prix, so poverty-stricken has their vehicle proved this year. She said the situation was heartbreaking and it cannot have given any pleasure to Sir Frank, back in the Williams garage at Silverstone. It was never going to be an easy weekend for them but what transpired was a slow-motion car crash.

Both Lance Stroll and Sergey Sirotkin went off in the first qualifying conference and they only the slowest autoes in the fields. The new wing the team had brought to improve aero performance proved a step backward, effecting a loss of grip when the DRS closed. They had to replace the offstages and start from the quarry thoroughfare. They finished once again at the back of the field.

Williams have a single technical head in Paddy Lowe but what becomes obvious at Silverstone is the sheer scale of his chore. It will be an excessively long season for the team.

The class war

Hamilton’s improvement drive was a magnificent show but his comeback from 18 th also illustrated the huge differential between the big-hearted three and the rest of the field.

Hamilton scythed though the midfield, up to sixth within 10 laps, all in overtaking manoeuvres.

Admittedly no one put up a real fight- they were to all intents in a different race- but the lane he had been able to gale past proved just what a huge task Ross Brawn faces in trying to level this playing field in the new regulations of 2021. There was also a further demonstration of another gap as Renault’s instrument inadequacy to Ferrari and Mercedes was again exposed. Max Verstappen, who did his best in a courageou fight with Raikkonen, said it was as if he was driving in a different series from the leaders.

Red Bull’s team principal, Christian Horner, declared the team” were just hugely uncovered, in both defense and onrush “.

Optimism that they can still challenge for the deed took a real blow at Silverstone in the scale of their deficit. Some long afternoons lie ahead at Spa and Monza.

So Sad — Former NBA Player Rasual Butler& His Wife Leah LaBelle Killed In A Car Crash

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This is gutting.

Former NBA musician Rasual Butler and his wife Leah LaBelle tragically died in a Studio City, CA car crash early Wednesday morning.

While little details have been released, TMZ is reporting the 38 -year-old lost verify of his Range Rover around 2 a.m ., strike a parking meter, and slammed into a wall which justification the car to flip.

Related: Mark Salling’s Family Reported Him Missing Before Suicide

Butler played in the NBA until 2016 — joining the Heat, Hornets, Clippers, Bulls, Raptors, Pacers, Wizards and Spurs on the court during his professional career. Leah placed 12 th on the third Season of American Idol in 2004. She was an R& B singer signed to Epic Records.

We’re sending charity and light-footed to the couple’s family during this tragic time.

[ Image via Instagram .]

Britain is in the grasp of an existential crisis that contacts far beyond Brexit | Aditya Chakrabortty

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Westminster has still not come to terms with the grievances that drove the referendum ensue, says Guardian correspondent Aditya Chakrabortty

The person who is best qualified to hold up a reflect to British politics today is neither a minister nor an academic. He is not even British. No: he is, of course, Michel Barnier, the French-born servant of Brussels. In his 1,036 eras as the EU’s chief negotiator, he has sat for counting hours opposite Theresa May, haggled with David Davis and Dominic Raab and their junior ministerial and faced down countless Whitehall officials. He is the outsider who knows our organization inside out. So when he popped up right at the end of the BBC’s fly on the wall Storyville films on the Brexit discussions, I leaned in to listen.

Filmed in March, as it became clear that Britain would not be leaving Europe any time soon, Barnier is shown briefing senior European parliamentarians. This latest outage is “more than weariness”, he tells them.” There is a very serious crisis in the UK which … isn’t linked to the text of Brexit and even less to the Irish backstop. It’s a much deeper crisis. An existential crisis .”

Barnier doesn’t do florid, so his terms leapt out. After virtually three years with his eyes pressed to a microscope learnt on the British elite, here was one of the EU’s finest declaring that the real failure wasn’t such clauses or that loophole. It wasn’t even Brexit at all. The UK is in a crisis as big as the country itself.

There are times when some politicians and pundits remember this, when they jerk awake to the reality that the country stands at a moment of reckoning more profound than Suez- one in which our institutions, our economy and our organisation of representation are all being shown up as simply not up to the job. This week is plainly not one of those times. I watched Barnier’s mentions on Sunday night, as the first UK results from the European elections began to roll in, picturing a far-right party as the clear winner. I woke up to a righteous hailstorm of commentary about What Jeremy Must Say Now and Who Replaces Theresa. Such debates can satisfactorily steam up the waistband windows of central London, but set in any context they seem virtually recklessly marginal.

We have just been through an election that hear Labour wiped out in Scotland, lashed in Wales, and under siege in London, while the working party of government trailed behind the Greens. Between them, the two main parties took less than a part of all polls. We can participate more caveats than in any insurance contract- low-pitched turnout, declaration vote, all the rest- but it hardly conversions the bottom line. We are fast approaching the third anniversary of the Brexit referendum and Westminster has still barely vexed to answer the grudges that drove a upshot campaigned against by the entirety of the political and financial establishment.

After decades of taking the voters predominantly for conceded, the politicians and pundits can’t decide how to respond, so are caught in an upper-clas paralysis. Meanwhile, the public has worked itself up into an impotent frenzy in which our party democracy is a sitting target. The arising national humor is straight out of King Lear:” I will do such things,/ What the latter are, yet I know not: but they shall be/ The fears of the earth .”

And the time is filled with displacement activity. As I write, 10 MPs have applied to become leader of the Conservative party- all use the same terms in subtly different combinations. We must be enabled” courageous and optimistic“, says Boris Johnson, while Raab represents” optimistic vision “. But lo! Yonder comes Michael Gove, birthing “unity” and “vision”, shouldering aside Sajid Javid who promises to” find unity “.

On it runs, like some wearisome episode of The Apprentice, with each failing ink-toner salesman solicit Suralan to pay heed to their “passion”. No one dares talk about the appalling parliamentary maths that acquires even a Queen’s addres impossible. Nor do they admit to having no actual ideas of their own. Forty times after Margaret Thatcher enrolled Downing Street, her great-grandchildren are still squabbling over who can claim her suggestions. What is Raab’s great cough? To lash income tax by 5p.

This is Thatcherism, in all its cold, stiff, neglected ugliness. And the problem there is that the Thatcher experiment has pretty much flunked. Four decades after she took power, 38% of working-age households now take more from the commonwealth in benefits, health and education than they pay back in taxes. Wealth in Britain is so converged that the head of the Institute for Fiscal Studies imagines” legacy is probably the most crucial factor in determining a person’s overall resource since Victorian eras “.

Around the same time Barnier was caught on film, I met another outsider expert on the government of Britain. Roberto Unger is a philosopher at Harvard, much admired by Ed Miliband and routinely handed such plaudits as” the world’s most important contemporary scholastic “. A Brazilian, he too provided as a government minister under both Lula and Dilma Rouseff, where he was known to pass time between gathers by dipping into Milton’s Paradise Lost.

A” sympathetic foreign admirer of the British national escapade”, Unger couldn’t take his eyes off the great Brexit car crash. Although no fan of Brussels, he observed:” If you leave the EU, you do so to become something else. But you don’t appear to know what you want to become .” Empire 2.0 and all that flag-waving guff he rightly curved away.

” European politicians whether centre-left or centre-right are so used to the politics of splitting the difference. They be impossible to facing up to fundamental problems ,” he said.” And that leaves a immense vacuum-clean to be filled by any legislating patriot populism .” Except they extremely had not yet been meanings, apart from buying a few more years for a busted financial simulate. That is true of Nigel Farage, of Johnson, of Raab- and all the hopefuls for the Tory leadership.

Instead, Unger requires a progressive transportation of dominance and fund to parties and residences far from Westminster, so they can try their own social and economic ventures that will inform and revivify national politics. The insurgent localism of Preston, in Lancashire, fits that brief, as does the Welsh government’s new focus on the foundational economy. Only Westminster starves such places of money and is responding to any outbreak of political resource with suspicion.

Yet the philosopher’s challenge is the right one. What Brexit has shown again is our inability to think anew about what the territory and the economy are for, to sketch out what a different future might look like. Instead, the country is stuck in the old battles over who gets what gives and which clique in Westminster leads things. You play games those recreations for a while, as long as everyone feels they are getting richer. But post-crash Britain has already been through one lost decade of compensation rise. We need to get serious if we are not to have more, and the accompanying harmful politics.

* Aditya Chakrabortty is a Guardian columnist

Quentin Tarantino apologizes for Polanski defense: ‘I was ignorant’

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The film-maker has said sorry for a 2003 interview in which he vindicated Roman Polanskis rape of Samantha Geimer

Spotify positioned to be a $25 bn busines on eve of IPO

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Music streaming services IPO comes amid raging competitor in the sector and high-pitched volatility

Spotify is poised to press the play button on a stock market float that will test investors’ faith in its future prospects, amid mingled riches for fast-growing technology companies.

Analysts said the performance of the music streaming service’s shares on its first day of trading on Tuesday would determine sell sentiment on whether it can stave off fierce competition for music followers’ purses and eventually making profits.

The Swedish company’s listing on the N. y. stock exchange will likewise offer greater revelation into investors’ stances to technology companies, following a fibre of moves that have attracted great fanfare but met with varied receptions.

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Wall Street offered a timely reminder of the volatility that can affect houses reliant on the promise of things to come, as electric car firm Tesla’s shares slumped roughly 7% in early trading on Monday.

Billionaire Elon Musk’s company suffered amid forecasts that deliveries of its Model 3 vehicle are falling short of its targets, as investigators look into a fatal crash involving one of its gondolas in the self-steering Autopilot mode.

Spotify, like fellow tech conglomerates such as Tesla and Uber, is yet to make a profit, as its income skirmishes to keep pace with payments, including the royalties it pays to record names and artists.

Analysts expect it to be valued at $20 bn- $25 bn, although the directory is also something of a plunge into the unknown for potential investors.

Unlike most companionships that float, Spotify is not issuing any new capital, which signifies it has not set a price for its shares in advance.

Would-be investors cannot turn to Spotify’s past earnings for lead because it has never reported any, racking up blended losses of roughly EUR1bn( PS870m) over the past three years.

The element of uncertainty could generate pinnacles and troughs in the price of Spotify shares, according to Laith Khalaf of stockbroker Hargreaves Lansdown.

” Such approaches will save the company money, but will probably lead to volatility when the stocks starts trading, as the market tries to find a price it’s comfortable with ,” he said.

” The fact the company isn’t turning a profit symbolizes the cost detection mechanism of a direct move is even more likely to be choppy .”

The success of the float will also signal the extent of investors’ sentiment in Spotify’s ability to thrive amid tournament from the likes of Apple and Amazon, both of which have greater financial muscle.

Spotify is enjoying rapid revenue increment, up from EUR7 46 m in 2013 to a predicted array of between EUR4. 9bn and EUR5. 3bn last year. It has an estimated 40% share of the world-wide share of music stream, contributing it increasing agreement superpower with descriptions and masters over the royalties it compensates them.

User amounts are expected to increase from 157 million to 170 million this year, with compensating readers slated to increase from 72 million to 90 million.

But the company is on course for fresh operating losings as large as EUR3 30 m for the 2017 financial year.

” The challenge the company now faces is how to monetise non-paying clients most effectively, while paid under royalties to the various record descriptions for content at the same time ,” said Michael Hewson of CMC Markets.

Recent technology moves have proved volatile, with gloom storage fellowship Dropbox up 40% because it float last month, while Snap- the company behind social media app Snapchat- experienced a successful debut but has since fallen 15% below its float toll, including a 7% fall in Monday’s early training.

Tesla’s share toll fall on Monday envisioned it fall back below Ford in terms of stock market value, having overtaken the automotive titan in April last year.

Khloe Kardashian Is ‘Impatient’& ‘Uncomfortable’ In Her Final Days Of Pregnancy!

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Although she declares she is “impatient” and “uncomfortable, ” the KUWTK idol is doing her best to remain productive.

KoKo wrote:

“Day by daylight, it gets harder and I get more impatient — and not to mention more awkward … So, while we wait, I have to stay busy. I’m not the type to lay around all day and be lazy( when I do, I get a little crazy !). I’ve already finished the nursery, so I’m happy to have that checked off the list.”

Being the fitness ruler that she is, the 33 -year-old makes it a dres to be as physically active as possible.

“In Cleveland, we have a very similar routine every day, which I actually really like and adapt to easily … Every day, I go for a 45 -minute walk( I’d actually call it more of a saunter, LOL ). “

When she’s not rehearsal, Khloe affection to binge-watch TV with her boo Tristan Thompson!

“Tristan and I have also been watching Billions … It’s such an incredible show — we Adore it! We just finished Season One. It’s such a good substantiate to binge-watch. We’re actually trying to enjoy ourselves, but we’re SO ready to meet our baby girl.”

On Tuesday, Miz Kardashian wrote a blog post comparing her life in Cleveland vs. her life in Los Angeles. In Ohio 😛 TAGEND

“I’m with Tristan and I get my home time — cooking, being with my adoration, and simply more of a routine … In L.A ., I’m SWAMPED with employment … But then again, I affection being in L.A. because I get to see my sisters and my mummy, and I have my teach and the people that I’ve grown up with.”

Well, Khloe is going to be a mommy any daylight now! Then she’ll certainly have to juggle life in both cities while being a brand-new parent!

[ Image via Khloe Kardashian/ Instagram .]

Russia disclosed: columnists on the World Cup host nation

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Observer writers and Russia experts proceed behind the twirl to analyse the host people social and political landscape

Part 1. Racism
‘Young love determine the dominance of far-right chorus. Anyone who challenges it faces a threat of violence’

It is the most politically billed World Cup in recent memory: Russia, resurgent under Vladimir Putin, is set to host the 32 -team tournament next month amid gossips arraying from plays drugging to spy poisonings. Relations between Moscow and London are at their coolest since the cold war and the recent events in Salisbury even led to brief speculation( aided by Boris Johnson) that England could hop-skip the tournament, remembering the Olympics boycotts of the 1980 s.

While individual accords such as the United States and Iran’s face-off in 1998 were political lightning rods in their hour, the host country have not been able to faced such hot disapproval perhaps since the 1978 World Cup in Argentina, hampered just two years after a right-wing armed takeover backed by the United States.

Last week Human Rights Watch exhausted a 44 -page guide detailing repression and discrimination in Russia, targeted at the thousands of columnists expected to arrive in the country for the tournament.

” Fifa still has time to show that it is ready to use its leveraging with the Russian government to fulfil its own human rights programs ,” Hugh Williamson of Human Rights Watch, said in a statement.

Russia’s ideals have changed since it was awarded the World cup finals back in 2010. Then, it was better seemed set on wooing the international community by holding prominence tournaments. Dmitry Medvedev was president and the reset in relations initiated by President Obama was still on track, with the aim of restoring relations after the war in Georgia. But even then, long before Salisbury, the battle in Ukraine, rules against” gay publicity” and hooligan savagery in Marseilles, racist occurrences in Russian football were a clear concern.

Fifa
Fifa chairwoman Sepp Blatter and Putin during the handover ceremony for the 2018 World cup finals. Photograph: RIA Novosti/ Reuters

Russian officials, as well as some participates and reporters, insist that while the country has a problem with rightwing followers, the situation has been blown out of proportion by the press and is no worse than elsewhere in eastern Europe. The authority says it has made advances in anti-racism monitoring at equals; data from independent organisations appears to support that conclusion.But with monkey sings sounds at three equals since March, the spotlight will remain on the hooligan culture, largely modelled on English devotees, that has grown around post-Soviet football.

A critical moment in that history came merely four eras after Russia was awarded the World cup finals in 2010, when a Spartak Moscow fan called Egor Sviridov was killed by a rubber bullet during a clash that pitted young, ethnically Russian football devotees against youths from the country’s North Caucasus. The secrete of the suspected killer, Aslan Cherkesov, indignation nationalists. Within periods, thousands of football rowdies and far-right radicals were rioting on Manezh square, beside the Kremlin, in nationalist-tinged affirms that took nearly everyone by surprise.

Vladimir Putin laid buds at Sviridov’s tomb later that month in what was interpreted as a signed of deference to patriots.” It was one of the showcase phenomena where everybody discovered the numbers, the supremacy the followers have, and the prevalence of the far-right ideology among the fans ,” said Pavel Klymenko, who aids monitor instances of fan discrimination for the Football Against Racism in Europe( Fare) network.” There was a political importance very. Putin did not condemn them. He returned in to some of the xenophobic requirements of the devotees. His concern was for the fans not to turn against him .”

The following years appreciated a number of ugly incidents. Various black actors, including Emmanuel Frimpong and Christopher Samba, were penalized by the Russian Football Union after reacting to racist insults hurled by love. Ultras in St Petersburg in 2012 released a manifesto demanding their unit refuse to sign non-white and gay musicians. And CSKA Moscow were forced to play two activities in an evacuate stadium after goons start out flares and unfolded prejudiced flags during a Champs League fixture against Roma in 2014.

The ban was ” the point of no return” for Robert Ustian, a 34 -year-old political analyst and CSKA fan, who founded a group called CSKA Fans Against Racism.

The volunteer organisation seeks to change the club’s fan culture through better education and self-policing, and Ustian believes it has helped reduce racist behaviour at accords. He helps to organise monitoring of extremist slogans and flags, including swastikas, at equals. He has received threats, he said. Many other volunteers choose to remain anonymous.” Somebody has to stand up and conjure his spokesperson against this ,” he said.

Russian football has taken some important steps to combat racism, Klymenko said, including the appointment of the retired Chelsea and Fulham midfielder Alexei Smertin as a dedicated envoy against discrimination in Russian football, and improved monitoring at competitions. In differentiate, the government in 2013 guided new legislation outlawing” lesbian propaganda ,” including lesbian pride parades or support groups for young person, which led to an upsurge in homophobic onslaughts. The new laws were information sources of debate before the 2014 Sochi Olympics and Klymenko said that homophobic language has been used at Russian football stadia this season but little has been done to combat it.” Homosexuality is such a taboo in Russian society that nobody certainly dares to deal with it ,” he said.

Of criticism over race occurrences, Igor Rabiner, one of the country’s best-known football writers said,” Sometimes it’s fair, sometimes it’s much exaggerated. Much labour has been done to stop it, but you couldn’t eliminate it all. First, it takes time. Second, football just reflects what happens in society in general .”

In a report in 2015, Fare and the anti-extremist Sova centre in Moscow documented 99 racist and far-right displays and 21 racially motivated an attack against devotees during the 2012 -1 3 and 2013 -1 4 seasons.

In a report to be secreted this week, Klymenko said Fare will announce a reduced incidence of racist marks at equals, continuing a trend over the past several years. He said incidents of recorded prejudiced slogans, such as monkey sings, have risen, but that is likely due to the increased monitoring at matches.

But happens have still come at critical moments. In March, France’s Ousmane Dembele, N’Golo Kante and Paul Pogba were targeted with monkey sings during a friendly in Saint petersburg. Fifa this month penalty the Russian Football Union more than PS2 2,000 for the incident.

Klymenko said the audience for that competitor would likely reflect that for the World Cup.” The problem is that young people come and construe the domination of the far-right sings, and anyone who tries to challenge has a significant threat of violence ,” he said.” They’re soaking in different cultures around them .”

At the Russian Cup final in Volgograd this month, officials said violent fan behaviour would not be tolerated. Andrey Bocharov, the region’s governor, said that” all measures necessary are being taken” to protect fans, including censor love known for violent or racist behaviour from the stadiums.

Most attention sounds focused on preventing fan violence or a terrorist attack: during the match, streets and modes of public transport were blocked off for kilometres around Volgograd’s stadium.

Hanging out at the game were musicians from Germany’s under-1 8 squad.” They’ve all wanted to take depicts with us ,” German defender Yann-Aurel Bisseck, who is black, said, adding that many Russians around township even recognised him. That had followed an emotional game against the Russian under-1 8 crew retain around the anniversary of the Nazi surrender in 1945.” Our coaching staff told us’ you’re not only here for football .’ We were very happy to represent Germany .”

Meanwhile, fans of the societies Avangard and Tosno streamed into the stadium. A Tosno fan mentioned Andrey Rylkov told the Observer that concerns over monkey chants were overblown:” It’s just some of the guys having a bit of merriment ,” he said.” I know people where you are from tend to take everything severely, it’s a different culture … but we don’t believe in political correctness like that here .” Andrew Roth
Andrew Roth is the Guardian/ Observer Russia correspondent

2. Stadiums
‘ The incredible expense of this event has gone to some place other than good building’

Clockwise
Clockwise from top left: Central Stadium in Ekaterinburg; Samara Arena; Spartak Stadium in Moscow; Mordovia Arena in Saransk. Photograph: Getty Persona

We should be used to the revolving biennial sight of the stadium-building binges that accompany global boast events- Olympics, World Cup, Olympics, World cup finals, with the Winter Olympics thrown in for contributed drama. With them come recurring storeys: geometrically increasing funds, the suspenseful fear that they won’t be finished on time, picturesque failures, the endless promise of “legacy”. This time, we are promised, the episode won’t bequeath rattling, crowd-starved behemoths. Almost ever, it does. Russia, where several of the floors will go on to serve lower-league fraternities in small-ish municipalities, doesn’t seem likely to buck the trend.

There tends in these boasting extravaganzas to be a scent of dishonesty wandering from the swoon aroma of distant flatulence to the rank, ripe stench of sharing a Dutch oven with a bean-eating petomane. Russia, to no one’s surprise, is at the latter end of the scale: according to Transparency International the cost overruns of this year’s World cup finals- twice the cost per spectator of Brazil in 2014 – are at a magnitude that can only be explained by corruption. To which sorry narratives can be added the dark narrations that Russia 2018 and Qatar 2022 have brought to prominence, of the implementation of its near-slaves( from North Korea in Russia’s case) to build the stadiums.

All of which might acquire the merely gaze of these structures seem secondary. But, given the money, vigor, materials and labour that have gone into them, the fact that they will be landmarks in their municipalities for decades and that billions will see them on TV, it is not insignificant.

There is a limited range of known ways of designing stadiums, as their basic figures have often been pushed towards samenes by coherent and requiring constants. There is the swooping roof, often hung on wires and masts, as in Frei Otto’s tent-like stadium for the 1972 Munich Olympics. There is the backlit cushion of the Allianz Arena, also in the Bavarian capital, residence of Bayern Munich and TSV 1860 Munich and a venue for the 2006 World cup finals. There is the stadium-that-looks-like-a-portable-object, of which Beijing’s 2008″ Bird’s Nest “ is the best known.

Russia 2018 is trying most of these approaches. The St Petersburg stadium, designed by the late Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa some time before Russia won its World cup finals dictation but which simply opened last year after epic delays and cost overruns, starts for the mast-hung roof look. So in somewhat withered flesh do the stadia in Kaliningrad and Rostov. Kazan’s roof swoops but without wires. The Spartak Stadium in Moscow, concluded within 2014, and the barely finished Mordovia Arena in Saransk are adorations to the Allianz Arena, big cushions with variegated colours.

The Fisht Stadium in Sochi, built for the 2014 Winter Olympics and repurposed for football, proceeds for the portable-object conceit: its architects Populous, the multi-national athletics specialists who also designed the stadia in Kazan, Rostov and Saransk, said it was inspired by a Faberge egg. Volgograd, overlooked by the 85 -metre high-pitched effigy that celebrates the duel of Stalingrad, has a woven basket-like look with intimates of the Bird’s Nest.

Russia has its own contribution to the styling of stadia, in the Soviet tradition of construct salutes to the space age, flightless saucers at once cosmonautic and massive. The Cosmos Arena for the pleasant southern metropoli of Samara stakes heavily on this review- appropriately, arguably, as the city was once a centre of the Soviet space programme. At the same time, mingled analogies being authorized in the world of iconic architecture, it is said to look like a flower.

It is beyond the scope of this article to tour all 12 venues for the 2018 World Cup, so I may be missing something, but from a distance it doesn’t look like being a classic, architecturally speaking. “There arent” gamechangers, patterns that future stadium makes can plunder for inspiration, such as the two Munich venues or Renzo Piano’s splendid Bari stadium for Italia 90( which, it has to be said, never reached a ability audience until 2014 ).

Rather we are offered weary lash-ups in which well-known themes are mingled with a further, curiously widespread, approaching to stadium designing- the cladding vehicle clang, in which for no self-evident intellect disparate bits of skin-deep, condition and truss are hurled together. Sochi is one of various venues with this collisional aesthetic. If you genuinely think it looks just like a Faberge egg then you have failed to notice something fundamental- delicate artistry, perhaps- about the original.

The stadia are mostly lumpy, their soar ambitions sanded, some producing too obviously the scars of budget gashes, the incredible outlay of the 2018 World Cup having gone to some other place than good architecture. The mottled skin-deeps of the Spartak and Mordovia floors are more psoriatic than anything else. Nizhny Novgorod has a classic simplicity that makes it a cut above some others, but bungles it with a kind of giant whirlpool-patterned blue-and-white shower curtain behind its outer colonnade. This is” closely stimulated ,” it is alleged,” by parts from the Volga countryside “. Please.

Samara, by the German practice GMP Architeken, is in its illusion the picking of the cluster. It is one of the most troubled in terms of delivery, but it has a mad kitschy oomph, which will stimulate tendernes over era. The Ekaterinburg Arena prompts mingled feelings. Its plain container influence is handsome enough, but it transactions inordinately clumsily( as did the Aquatic Centre at London 2012) with two temporary banks of seating, to be removed after the World Cup is over. It too struggles with the retained scrap of an older building incorporated into the brand-new. The upshot is weird but endearing.

Almost always, after last-minute panics, the venues for these sporting extravaganzas are just about finished on time. Almost ever they are both over budget and shortcoming in their bequest. Sometimes they throw up an architectural wonder to hoard in times to come. With the possible exceptio n of Samara the millions of the 2018 World Cup are not going to buy Russia’s metropolis such pearls. Rowan Moore
Architecture critic, the Observer

3. Protest
Pussy Riot’s Maria Alyokhina:’ The government restraints all the big-hearted media but they cannot cut out the eyes of the people’

Maria
Maria Alyokhina, core, and members of Pussy Riot are set upon by police in Sochi, 2014. Photograph: Morry Gash/ AP

Maria Alyokhina, 29, is a Moscow-based artist, political activist and member of punk provocateurs Pussy Riot. In 2012, she and two other members of Pussy Riot were arrested after a accomplishment in Moscow’s Cathedral of Christ the Saviour and sentenced to two years in prison on service charges of” hooliganism motivated by religious hatred “. Since her handout she has continued to agitate against the Putin administration, while the reputation of Pussy Riot generated her a stage to perform around the world. A record of her knowledge can be found in her work Riot Days ( Allen Lane ).

Do you think the government ensure the World Cup as an opportunity to present a better image of itself to the world ?
We were liberated two months before the end of our prison term because of the Sochi Olympics. Of track we went to Sochi, where the cossacks realise their first appearance with scourges, so I have no misconceptions about saving face or making a good notion for the west. You arrested and detained last month for protest outside the Moscow headquarters of the FSB, the internal security services. What happened ?
The FSB blocked the messaging app Telegram in the Russian territory, because Telegram refused to give the keys for decipher messages to the security services. We proceeded with article airplanes, which is the symbol of Telegram, and started hurling them at the building. We got arrested and expended 48 hours in the cage. For me that was quite frightening, because when you hear that it’s illegal to hurl paper planes in your metropoli it’s quite … strange. There have been more protests in the past few weeks …
There was a huge demonstration on 30 April , with 12,000 beings corroborating Telegram. That was just several days before the induction, and before the big demonstration on 5 May, in which I participated as well. This objection was really hard because of the police violence- they tortured beings, some activists and writers were pulsated and are still in hospital. As well as police there were fascist radicals supported by the administration who violently criticized people and is still not arrested- they were hand in hand with police. This is just the first days of this fourth presidential term but it’s[ already] the face of it.

Has it become more difficult to protest in Russia since you started ?
After the annexation of Crimea the language of the state modified a lot. They started to use ultra-Soviet lexicon, calling us” antagonists on the part of states” and” enemies of the people”- but I believe that they are foes of the people because they hire one group of citizens to beat another using[ coin from] taxes. They are putting people in jail for demonstrating more than before. We have political assassinations such as the killing of[ physicist and radical politician] Boris Nemtsov[ in 2015 ]. Even the face of the system became more brutal. But for me, I’ve learn ways to protest even inside penal colony, inside prison. Also I’m really happy that when I come to the demoes, I see teens, I interpret students. When we were arrested for throwing paper planes, 10 out of 12 were arrested for the first time. They wasted their first night at the police station but “theyre not” scared. And this is what I believes in. Because yes, this nation verifies all the big media, they offer really terrible propaganda, but they cannot cut out the eyes of parties, they cannot cut off the ears of beings. Beings watch “whats going on” and they entirely disagree with it.

Maria
Maria’ Masha’ Alekhina:’ Beings witness what is going on and they absolutely disagree with it’ Photograph: Joel Saget/ AFP/ Getty Images
You have invested two years in prison and have suffered hardship. Has it feigned your desire to protest at all ?
No. You mentioned that you were able to protest inside prison. Could you explain that ?
The Russian prison system is actually post-gulag, the feel of these prisons is the same. We have labour camps, all the prisoners are made to work and they are paid almost nothing, about$ 5 per month. There’s almost no drug there, and conditions are really terrible. I went to court against the prison administration. It started a change, because they started to put up stipends, some prison guards got fired, and so on. For this nature, it’s a big change. I be suggested that every gesture makes a change, a big change to the whole system.

So protest in Russia does be impacted, you think?
Of course it does. For some people, it’s a question of their lives.

What protest methods have you learned are effective ?
To not lose your sense of humour. In Russia, without it, something bad will happen. Actually how do you not make fun of a structure that is afraid of paper aircrafts? Is the Putin administration genuinely afraid something happened to you objectors looks just like you ?
Well, if they crush beings, threw people in prisons, start to call them enemies of the state, beat them, sometimes kill them- what does it necessitate? It means they’re afraid to lose their position, to lose their options to steal money till for ever.

Are you optimistic about the future of Russia ?
The future is now. And now I’m not crying, so maybe it’s good.
Interview by Killian Fox

4. Media and censorship
‘It’s only going to get worse !’

Mediazona’s
Mediazona’s Sergey Smirnov speaks at an resist rally for republic, Moscow. Photograph: Alamy

” It’s only going to get worse !” is the hashtag and war cry- edgy and monosyllabic in Russian- of Mediazona, an independent, crowdfunded information outlet in Moscow. Reporter in Russia are facing increasing brutality, open and unpunished, and there are few legal safeguards for reporters. State censorship and intimidation, both physical and digital, is intensifying, while western IT giants are doing little to deter the bot and troll infestations targeting independent media outlets.

Mediazona is a tiny outfit with a handful of reporters, which places emphasis on precisely one topic: Russia’s political tribulations and the manifold abuses inside its justice system.” There’s no public politics left in Russia, it’s just these criminal cases ,” says its editor-in-chief Sergey Smirnov. Most of Mediazona’s content is just straight-up courtroom stenography: hours of hearings where anti-fascists who have been tortured by security services to extract false creeds are disclaimed bail; or an independent media outlet is penalty by the state regulator for embedding on its website a YouTube clip containing a single debase expression.

In March 2016 a Mediazona reporter, with a unit of other columnists, including 2 foreign ones, was attacked on the border between Chechnya and Ingushetia, two republics in the southern part of Russia with a long history of bloody-minded rebellions, counter-terrorism operations and oppression. Their bus was torched and they only beaten by unknown assailants. Some were badly disabled. The investigation is stopping – there have been no arrests or even supposes in the case.

Censorship and intimidation comes in many forms, such as denying access to conflict areas. It’s next to impossible, for example, for an independent journalist to report from Syria unless he or she is accredited with the department of defense, sequestered on the Russian military basi in Hmeymim and writing glowing reports about the valor of Russian servicemen or puff fragments about buckwheat porridge in the mess hall.

Smirnov says western IT giants too play a role in censorship. Many independent stores rely on YouTube as a programme for their video content, which gets crowded immediately after posting with thousands of disfavours( disliked videos then subside down in ratings) and trolls in specific comments. Activists and reporters have complained about this to Google, to little effect.

” And it’s only going to get worse ,” Smirnov concludes.
Alexey Kovalev
Alexey Kovalev is managing editor of codastory.com, a non-profit report outlet

5. Nostalgia
Whether Soviet simplicity or the force of the tsars, very good of occasions are in the past

‘Thanks
‘ Thanks to dear Stalin for a happy childhood !’ reads this 1936 Soviet poster. Photograph: Heritage Epitome/ Getty Images

There’s a association in Moscow called Petrovich, which was hugely favourite when it opened in 1997, back when Russians were only too glad the Soviet Union was gone. Harmonizing to the club’s website, it was inspired by” the ironic nostalgic feeling for the good old-fashioned Soviet meters” and, appropriately enough, it is Five minutes’ amble from the Lubyanka, the prison construct where the KGB imparted mass inquisitions and a post-Soviet celebration of all things USSR, from caricatures( imaged on the restaurant’s plates) and music( Buratino, the theme song from a 1976 children’s movie) to meat( dumplings) and guzzle( bad vodka ), its nostalgia is nearing sarcastic.

When I went back this year it was exactly the same and hitherto solely altered. Because there was no longer any absurdity. Now the nostalgia is real: people want the good old-fashioned Soviet times back. Husbands in nylon clothings and women with monstrous whisker were partying joyously like it genuinely was 1983.

A involved form of nostalgia is now the driving force of the high-pitched Putin era- an attempt to reclaim the best chips of imperial Russia( strength, power and solidarity) and the Soviet Union( predictability and simplicity and the cheap, sugared shampanskoye that fuelled the post-Stalin era ). The Battle for Berlin knock-off Lego changes are on sale in the Museum of the Great Patriotic War. Russia Today, the Kremlin-backed English language television network, is running a #Romanovs100 series (” 4,000 photos, 4 social networks, 1 household “) to label the centenary of the death of the Russian royal family. The favourite standup comedian Igor Meerson bases his latest set around what it was like to learn English during the Soviet era, when you knew your teacher had never met a real foreigner and you are able to never be required to speak it. Fashion designers and influencers such as Ulyana Sergeenko( 417 k admirers on Instagram) and Miroslava Duma( 1.6 m followers) are both known for examines that fuse Soviet retro and imperial indulgence. Moscow’s restaurant du jour, White Rabbit, provides traditional bowls including baked beetroot, porridge and cabbage soup( on a decide savor menu for 9,500 roubles or PS110 ).

This was almost what the historian Svetlana Boympredicted in her 2001 book, The Future of Nostalgia :” reflective nostalgia”( introspective and mournful, maybe cathartic) was revised to read as follows” restorative nostalgia”( where others are blamed for having destroyed the homeland ). What Russia is living through is somewhere between the two.

One of the main obstacles Vladimir Putin( and any putative successor) faces is what to do with Russia’s feelings for her past. The proximity of nostalgia- real, constructed and a curious mingle of both- is key to understanding contemporary Russian culture.

The
Nostalgia for the Romanovs, Russia’s last-place royal family, photographed here in 1916 -7, is at its highes since the revolution. Photograph: Universal History Archive/ Getty Images

The 100 th anniversary of the Russian Revolution extended largely without remark last year.( As Russian friends joked to me, Russia barely needed to mark it because Radio 4 did such an obsessively thorough undertaking .) This is understandable: what do you say about a change, supposedly invalidated but whose heirs are still in power? To examine the legacy of 1917 is necessary but torturous for Russia. People murmur about bequest, what happened in Germany and South africans, about commissionings for truth and reconciliation. But these things are not taken seriously in Russia.The criminal case into the royal family’s death, reopened in 2015 at the request of the church, is ongoing. Now officially known as” the royal martyrs”, the family were canonised in 2000. The British royal family has been invited to July’s processions in Ekaterinburg, to honour the memory of the tsar and their own families.( Strangely, they don’t seem to have replied .) The” All-Russian pilgrimage street “ to the Church on Blood in Ekaterinburg, constructed over the site of the house where the family was killed, has been reopened.

You couldn’t make this up, especially as Putin is a lifelong KGB man and one-time card-carrying communist. But never mind all that. It is expedient for him to co-opt any feelings of longing towards empire. And it’s extremely useful to harness the 19 th-century view of the tsar’s regulate: God-given, undeniable, unbreakable. 1917 is an inconvenient contradiction so we don’t talk about that. Instead we talk about how pathetic it was that the tsar’s family were shown no kindnes in 1918. The funny thing is , not only is this project working well at home but it has become a culture export. Angelina Jolie has bought the movie privileges to Simon Sebag Montefiore’s book about Catherine the Great( full reputation: Catherine Alexeievna Romanova ). The team behind Mad Men is working on a lavish sequence on the Romanovs for Amazon, starring Christina Hendricks and John Slattery.

Meanwhile Putin appears to be cultivating a sort of nostalgia for his own pattern even while he is ruling. Last-place week he once again nominated Dmitry Medvedev as his “ministers “, the continuation of a power relationship that has lasted almost 20 times. Medvedev is well known for his love of Deep Purple, Black Sabbath and Led Zeppelin, which are hugely resonant for Russians who were young in the 1960 s and 1970 s. But why mutate the soundtrack when it’s working so well for you? Viv Groskop
Viv Groskop’s The Anna Karenina Fix: Life Lesson from Russian Literature is out in paperback next month( Fig Tree, PS9. 99 )

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