Imagine that pesky tabby cat has been pooing in your backyard again. Unbeknown to you, it has moved some of the parasite spores it was carrying onto your herb garden. Unintentionally, while preparing a delicious salad, you forget to bath your hands and pollute yourself with the Toxoplasma gondii spores. For months you display no symptoms, then after six months you are driving your auto more aggressively, taking lucks in road conjunctions and generally filled with more road rage as you angrily gesticulate with fellow drivers. Could all this be linked to that tasty salad?
T. gondii is a fascinating protozoan parasite which, like many similar beasts, needs to move between several different legion species in order to fully develop and reproduce. As such, it appears to have evolved cunning methods used oblige communication between emcees more likely. For precedent, studies have found that once rats intermediate emcees are fouled they display less caution towards cats the final stage hosts and so the parasite is more likely to be passed on.
An increasing number of studies show humans known to be infected with these parasites could be more prone to schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, aggression and even increased suicide. Study have even suggested you are two to three times more likely to have a car accident if your blood tests positive for the parasite. This is particularly impressing where reference is is anticipated that 30% -5 0 %~ ATAGEND of the world person may carry the parasite.
Not so cute when you know what theyre carrying. Shutterstock
Chicken or egg ?
Very often criticisms of these studies come down to a chicken and egg question. Connect doesnt required mean causality. Are those vigorous, fast-driving beings or those with behavioural positions more likely to catch the parasites, or does the parasite cause these behavioural mannerisms? Many of the results of the study were done retrospectively rather than looking at people behaviour before and after they grew infected with the parasites. So for now, we cant say for sure whether your road rage genuinely was linked to your salad.
What we do know is that there are plenty of lessons in wildlife where parasites can manipulate the copulation, proliferation, maturation, environment and behaviour of their legions. “Hairs-breadth” insects, for instance, ended their lifecycle in a river or flow and appear to making such a emcees crickets attracted to irrigate.
The effects of the parasite dont be brought to an end, either. The hapless crickets can provide fish with an alternative meat generator to their usual diet of aquatic invertebrates and, for parts of the year, can structure a substantial part of their nutrition. So manipulating parasites can be important to maintaining healthy ecosystems.
Some ant species infected by trematode flukes are manipulated in a manner that is that constitutes them cling to the crowns of blades of grass, which means theyre more likely to be devoured by sheep. This facilitates the fluke to complete its life cycle in the sheep.
Chestburster. mardeltaxa/ Flickr, CC BY-NC-SA
A type of barnacle parasite known as a rhizocephalan, which snacks its crab legion from the inside out, was aware of feminise its male emcees by castrating them. Scientists have suggested they are then more likely to look after the parasite sac that abounds through their abdomens, much like a female would tend to her eggs.
Swapping on genes
Through advances in molecular biology, we are increasingly works out how these parasites can change behaviour by changing gene idiom the road genes can be turned on or off. For illustration, work in our lab at the University of Portsmouth is trying to uncover the existing mechanisms that facilitates a recently discovered species of trematode parasite make their shrimp-like( amphipods) hosts more attracted to the light.
These amphipods would prefer to be obscuring under seaweed on our shorings, escaping their chick piranhas as the tide recedes. By chemically mapping the brains of infected prawn, scientists have discovered that parasites somehow altered the shrimps’ serotonin, a feeling neurotransmitter located throughout the animal kingdom. Our recent considers have indicated that polluted shrimps have subtle modifications to their serotonin receptors and the enzymes that cause serotonin.
Other learns have shown amphipods hosting similar parasites are over 20 seasons more likely to be eaten compared to non-infected samples. Again, this highlights the often-overlooked highlighted the importance of brain-bending parasites in the natural ordering of food webs.
We often think we must have discovered all the species possible in well-studied locations such as the UK, but many mesmerizing brand-new operating parasites are hitherto to be discovered on our doorsteps. Our knowledge of how these brain-bending parasites treated with human species will no doubt develop more strongly over the next decade.
1. You spend more money on coffee and matcha than on your vegan groceries.
2. You wear the same black long-sleeved tee with the same pair of dark wash jeans and the same white sneakers. Every. Single. Day.
3. You drink your coffee black, and you think that anything lighter than Italian Roast isn’t real coffee. You also believe that adding cream, sugar, and milk to your coffee makes it “cluttered.”
4. You walk out the door without running a comb or brush through your hair, but you somehow manage to receive compliments about how nice your hair looks and how people wish they had your hair.
5. You have a blog that’s designed with 80% white space and that doesn’t bother you at all.
6. You have under 50 things in your closet and you can fit all of your clothes into one suitcase.
7. You own a Leuchtturm1917 Bullet Journal and a Moleskine journal. And you thought they were both totally worth the $20 you spent on each.
8. You’re most likely an INFJ, INTJ, or INFP.
9. You’re up at 5 AM, yet somehow that just isn’t good enough for you. You dream about the day when you can finally wake up at 4:30 AM.
10. You have two favorite types of writings: lists and personal essays.
11. If you were to take all of your personal belongings (excluding furniture) out of your house or apartment, they would all be able to fit into the trunk of a typical compact car.
12. You’re perfectly capable of not going anywhere for an entire year. Maybe even three.
13. You hate shopping at large grocery stores because they offer too many options and brands for everything. You prefer shopping at Aldi and Trader Joe’s.
14. You are conflicted with where you want to settle down. Living in a Scandinavian-styled country cottage/eco-home in the middle of the woods (out in a sparsely populated state) sounds very appealing to you, but so does a minimalist 300 sq. ft. studio apartment in Brooklyn.
15. Your go-to dish is chickpea kale salad with avocado and apple cider vinegar dressing.
16. You drink apple cider vinegar water every morning because you believe it’s the most powerful weapon against diabetes and cancer. You also believe it can make you look five to ten years younger.
17. You like 100+ photos of vegan recipes on Instagram every day.
18. You advocate fitness a lot, but you only walk outside for 30 minutes or less, four days a week. You actually hate running.
19. You’ve probably tried using baking soda to brush your teeth and never felt grossed out by it.
20. You’re a huge advocate of long naps and bubble baths.
21. You like the idea of traveling and hopping from place to place, but you’re still a homebody at heart.
22. You go through social media purges regularly. And you probably have a follower to following ratio of 30:1.
23. You’re a freelancer or at least trying to become one.
24. Your favorite classic books are Meditations by Marcus Aurelius, On the Shortness of Life by Seneca, Walden & Civil Disobedience by Henry David Thoreau, The Essays & Poems of Ralph Waldo Emerson, and Tao Te Ching.
25. Your favorite type of music is acoustic folk singer-songwriter music with poetic and soothe-your-soul kind of lyrics.
26. You mostly dislike pop music and Top 40 Radio, but you probably still enjoy listening to Taylor Swift, Avril Lavigne, Harry Styles, Niall Horan, and Ed Sheeran.
27. You like taking photos of plants. You also collect succulents.
28. You love black-and-white photos and probably have black-and-white versions of every photo you’ve ever taken.
29. Contrary to the belief that minimalists are cheapskates, you actually own an iPhone and a Mac computer. And you think these are the smartest purchases you’ve ever made because they allow you to pursue your minimalist dreams of working from home and building your personal brand.
30. Your favorite region of Europe is Scandinavia because you’re obsessed with hygge and white space designs.
31. Your favorite country in Asia is Japan because you’re a fan of Marie Kondo, matcha, and sushi.
32. You really want to go to Iceland for vacation. And swim in Blue Lagoon.
33. You listen to podcasts on your way home.
34. In your family, you’re probably known as the Grinch because you dread holiday gatherings, the excess of festivities, and receiving too many gifts you that always end up donating to Goodwill.
35. You’re “that blogger” who constantly posts inspirational quotes about productivity and soul-searching on social media.
36. You use the words “essential” and “authentic” in every other sentence.
37. You identify as an old soul and an indigo child.
38. You first became drawn to minimalism for three main reasons: you want to heal from your past, you’re tired of trying to have it all, and you’re seeking a life full of individualistic creativity, enlightenment, and transcendence.
Over the past few years, Brianna Wiest has gained renown for her deeply moving, philosophical writing. This new compilation of her published work features pieces on why you should pursue purpose over passion, embrace negative thinking, see the wisdom in daily routine, and become aware of the cognitive biases that are creating the way you see your life. Some of these pieces have never been seen; others have been read by millions of people around the world. Regardless, each will leave you thinking: this idea changed my life.
One person is killed on Mumbais streets every 15 hours, the most difficult record in India. In an attempt to get a grasp on the chaos, the police are travelling digital recording fines electronically and setting CCTV. But will it stop people taking risks?
For 30 times after she was hit, Archana Pandya lay bleeding on a road in the busy Mumbai suburb of Goregaon. The 22 -year-old, who had just started a new job, was on her style dwelling from design when she was the victim of a hit-and-run. She died of her harms. There been a great deal of parties there, and it happened right opposite a police station, but no one came forward to help, says her friend Siddharth Pandya. Its not the roads; in India, its the people the hell is unsafe.
Pandya was one of 586 parties killed in road accidents in Mumbai in 2015, the equivalent of one death every 15 hours. Another 2,034 were seriously injured. The long response times of ambulances and disaster vehicles, read in conjunction with the unwillingness of spectators to facilitate street martyrs for fear of being detained by police and infirmaries, contribute to slow, pain fatalities for the thousands of beings every year. As a develop, Mumbai a city with approximately the same number of cars as London, but more than four times the number of street fatalities has become known as Indias crash capital. In 2015 there were 23,468 preserved congestion collisions: the highest in the country.
The citys city geography has helped breed a culture of negligent driving. Autoes zigzag through dense traffic jam, cutting corridors, overtaking from the left or zipping past red lights. Moves just knowing that fines and penalties are small and the chances of being caught are low-necked. Numerous scoff at the idea of wearing a seatbelt, while others casually take telephone calls and react textbook meanings as they navigate through the maze of cars.
These lax attitudes and dangerous driving wonts are spawned right from the driving test, which exists predominantly as a formality and is readily smoothed with a small bribe. Aditi Deopujari, a Mumbai resident who got her “drivers licence” in 2000, excuses: I was part of a driving academy that had a setup with the Motor Vehicles Department[ which issues licences ]. I presented up and had some rehearse rounds, but never had to sit the quiz or had any written measure regarding the rules. I just got sided the licence. Another occupant, who asked to remain anonymous, says: I literally had to drive five metres forward, and then five metres switch. That was it, I passed.
The format of this dreadfully dull show is identical to other persons of the Kardashian empire: interminable stages of beings sitting in kitchens not gobbling cheese plates
Is there a less qualified actuality show whiz than Rob Kardashian? If you lined up 10 parties from the casting record of A& Es Intervention and Rob Kardashian and had to choose one to base an ongoing television series around, would you ever pick him unless people know his last name? Isnt this a tragedy? Shouldnt we all be more unnerved?
Sunday nighttimes debut of the new E! line Rob& Chyna recognizes the return of the black sheep Kardashian to the public eye. Hes spent years of his life unwilling to leave his room, which caused him to gain( his paroles) a clutch of heavines. He searches little comfortable clearing eye contact with other human being than the little orphan girl Newt from the movie Aliens. A Los Angeles Dodgers hat covers whats left of the poor people thin, unkempt hair. His wardrobe contained in T-shirts , nondescript jeans and sneakers. In other messages, when I watch this astoundingly depressing program, I interpret myself and what I might become( minus the millions of dollars ).
The first few minutes of Rob& Chyna intend to stir us empathize with Rob and his pregnant fiancee Blac Chyna. As an aside, isnt it a bit gruesome that Blac Chyna get almost entirely by the appoint Chyna in the first chapter now that the original Chyna the former WWE wrestler has died? Its like rummaging through people jewelry after a funeral.
Regardless of what you call her, Blac Chyna is the actual superstar of this depict, even if her epithet is second on the marquee. She came up from the world-famous strip guilds of Atlanta and became something of an entrepreneur, at least in the way that we define that term in 2016. She took the Kardashian template of monetizing tabloid infamy through a sect of personality social media ubiquity, branded commodities, and now, the final patch of the question, an E! actuality franchise. Shes become a major supporting player in the ongoing Kardashian meta-narrative having a baby with the rapper Tyga, who then leaves her for Kylie Jenner, which leads to Chyna join thrusts with Rob. Whether or not her relationship with Rob is genuine or a calculated effort to increase her giving potential is not for me to decide (* cough its bullshit cough *) but what is is whether or not this Tv show is good. Its not.
Tuning of cars software to avoid incorrect positives accused, as US National Transportation Safety Board investigation continues
An Uber self-driving exam gondola which killed a woman sweeping the street spotted her but decided not to act immediately, each of these reports has said.
The car was hurtling at 40 mph( 64 km/ h) in self-driving mode where reference is collided with 49 -year-old Elaine Herzberg at about 10 pm on 18 March. Herzberg was pushing a bicycle across the road outside of a intersect. She afterward died from her injuries.
Although the car’s sensors spotted Herzberg, its software which decides how it should act was chanted too far in favour of adopting neglecting objects in its route that are likely to be” spurious positives”( such as plastic bags ), according to a report from the Information . This necessitated the modified Volvo XC9 0 did not act fast enough.
The report also said the human safety driver was not paying close enough attention to intervene before the vehicle impressed the pedestrian.
Uber and the US National Transportation Safety Board( NTSB) are investigating the incident. Uber has already reached its preliminary resolution, according to the paper. A thorough NTSB report is expected later.
” We’re actively cooperating with the NTSB in their investigation. Out of respect for that process and the cartel we’ve built with NTSB, we can’t comment on the specifics of the accident ,” an Uber spokesperson said in a statement.” In the meantime, we have initiated a top-to-bottom refuge review of our self-driving vehicles programme, and we have brought on former NTSB chair Christopher Hart to admonish us on our overall refuge culture. Our revaluation is also considering everything from the security of our organization to our discipline processes for vehicle hustlers, and we hope to have more to say soon .”
The collision labelled the first fatality attributed to a self-driving auto, the development of which had often been named as the only route to eliminate street deaths for those inside and outside the car.
The incident was not the first dispute to involve Uber’s self-driving efforts, which the company sees as key to its survival as a ride-sharing or taxi firm. The firm has been involved in a long-running duel with former Google self-driving car outfit Waymo over fraud to new technologies around Anthony Levandowski.
Uber’s self-driving technology was also announced 5,000 seasons worse than Waymo’s in an independent analysis in 2017, while it has had legal squabbles with various US commonwealths where it have sought to research vehicles.
Happy new year, Betches. We’ve said thank you (next) to the past year, made our 2019 vision boards (ok, maybe that was just me) and have mustered up a more motivated outlook on life. Still, we’ve spent the entire month of December buying sh*t for our loved ones and it’s very possible (ok, entirely accurate) that our bank accounts are empty AF.
So many people want to get their finances in order in the new year. But it’s hard. Literally, every article you read is like, “skip the Starbucks” and you’ll literally be a millionaire. I’m here to tell you that is not the case. If I skip Starbucks, I’ll just be cranky. And still poor.
For me, the hardest part of getting my finances in a somewhat respectable state is knowing how much I can and cannot spend if I want to save a certain amount of money in the right categories. Like, do I need to start taking Uber Pools? Or not order Postmates so many times a week? Probably all of the above, but whatever.
A busy betch might not have time for all that planning and luckily, there are a zillion apps to help you figure this hard sh*t out, so you can get back to watching Love Island. We’ve outlined the perfect budgeting apps for every personality type.
The Type A Betch: Mint
Mint is a free money management and financial tracker app that pulls all your credit cards, bank accounts, investments, (LITERALLY all your finances) together in one neat little package.
TBH, I use Mint all the time. And yes, I’m Type A as f*ck. I like that I can see everything going on with my money in one place, get notifications about unusual spending (usually some online sale let’s be real) and budget out in different categories.
Mint essentially analyzes all your spending and then shares what you are spending in each category. It’s semi-intense with all the graphs and charts, but for anyone who likes to be in control, this will be your financial heaven.
Because you can link your checking or savings account, it also can see how much money you bring in every month, allowing you to see if you are ending your months with positive or negative funds.
You then can create a budget based on what you spend in each category and how much you want to save each month. It’s super easy, and the notifications are frequent, but not annoying. Perfect for any Type A betch trying to save her way to the top. Or at least to a new pair of shoes.
The Straightforward Betch: EveryDollar
EveryDollar LITERALLY only keeps track of your budget, so if you are looking for any sort of detailed money tracking (investing, etc) this is NOT the app for you. I personally like this app because it’s focused and if you are on top of your sh*t, it’s super easy to use. Hence: a straightforward betch.
When I signed up for EveryDollar, I had to input my own money goals and my own spending, for things like my electricity bill or my water bill, you know, the important stuff.
So I input everything manually and estimated the best I could all my basic expenses. Then you pick your money goals, to which I wanted to say, uhhh to be able to live?! Instead, I chose to save like a few hundred dollars each month. I should mention the free version of the app doesn’t connect your bank account to the app, but the visuals created based on your manual inputs are enough to help get your finances in order. Super easy, straightforward and to the point. Got it?!
The Chatty Betch: Albert
If you like texting a random person about your finances, Albert is the app for you. Kidding. From what I gathered in my very serious journalistic research, when you use the Albert app, you also have the opportunity to text a real person about your finances. Pretty neat-o.
If you are a chatty betch who likes to talk to your Uber drivers and make conversation with random people in public places, this is the app for you because you can LEGITIMATELY text a financial counselor (if you want) by using this app. I had to add “Albert” to my phone contacts in the sign-up process for the app, because apparently there are human financial experts at my fingertips now. Lucky me. Even though I have no idea who the f*ck Albert is, it’s really nice that I wouldn’t have to Google all my finance questions and could literally just text someone and be given the answer.
In terms of budgeting, the Albert app allows you to set specific spending goals (i.e. I want to buy a car) and work specifically to save toward that goal. I like that it keeps you very focused on your financial goals, in addition to sending a ton of reminders through texts. A lot of texts. so you better be ready to talk to Albert…a lot.
The Lazy Betch: PocketGuard
Similar to the other apps, PocketGuard will connect to your bank account and do the heavy lifting for you in terms of understanding what’s going on with your finances. I imagine if someone is looking at mine they are thinking, “does she really wear that many clothes?!” to which I will answer, “YES, yes I do”.
You can also create spending limits and savings goals, but there is one different quality that makes this whole process slightly less tedious: it finds where you COULD be saving more money.
PocketGuard will analyze your finances and tell you where you could be saving money, which I kind of love? Like, yes, tell me what to do – I’m clueless in this department. You can also upload bills that and get someone named BILLSHARK™ (a mysterious person on their end) who will go and make your bills cheaper by finding you deals and sh*t. This sounds too good to be true but who the f knows.
And there you have it. I hope you all go and download an app, remember your bank password and are able to pick out all the stop lights in recaptcha in order to download one (or many) of these apps to meet your money goals. Who knows, before we know it all of us will be buying new purses and going on vacation, regardless of whether or not we are a lazy or chatty betch.
Is one of your 2019 goals to start saving money? What apps do you love for budgeting? Lmk, because I need as much support as I can get.
Images: Shutterstock; Giphy (2)
Read more: https://betches.com/?p=45397
The format of this dreadfully dull show is identical to other persons of the Kardashian empire: wearisome incidents of beings sitting in kitchens not ingesting cheese plates
Is there a less qualified actuality picture hotshot than Rob Kardashian? If you lined up 10 people from the shedding register of A& Es Intervention and Rob Kardashian and had to choose one to base an ongoing tv series around, would you ever pick him unless you knew his last name? Isnt this a tragedy? Shouldnt we all be more upset?
Sunday nights debut of the new E! serial Rob& Chyna celebrates the return of the black sheep Kardashian to the public eye. Hes spent years of their own lives unwilling to leave his room, which stimulated him to addition( his words) a control of heavines. He appears less cozy stirring gaze contact with other human being than the little orphan girlfriend Newt from the movie Aliens. A Los Angeles Dodgers hat covers whats left of the poorest of the poor people thin, unkempt fuzz. His wardrobe consists of T-shirts , nondescript jeans and sneakers. In other texts, when I watch this astoundingly depressing curriculum, I hear myself and what I might become( minus the millions of dollars ).
The first few minutes of Rob& Chyna intend to constitute us empathize with Rob and his pregnant fiancee Blac Chyna. As an aside, isnt it a bit gruesome that Blac Chyna get almost exclusively by the appoint Chyna in the first occurrence now that the original Chyna the former WWE wrestler has died? Its like ransacking through people jewelry after a funeral.
Regardless of what you call her, Blac Chyna is the actual adept of this testify, even if her call is second on the pavilion. She came up from the world-famous deprive clubs of Atlanta and became something of an entrepreneur, at least in the way that we characterize that message in 2016. She took the Kardashian template of monetizing tabloid villainy through a religion of personality social media ubiquity, labelled produces, and now, the final section of the perplex, an E! actuality franchise. Shes become a major supporting player in the ongoing Kardashian meta-narrative having a baby with the rapper Tyga, who then leaves her for Kylie Jenner, which leads to Chyna join troops with Rob. Whether or not her relationship with Rob is genuine or a calculated effort to increase her making potential is not for me to decide (* cough its bullshit cough *) but what is is whether or not this TV show is good. Its not.
President says Rocky star called about black world champ convicted in 1913 and subject of campaign which did not sway Barack Obama
Donald Trump said on Saturday he is” considering a full excuse” for Jack Johnson, the great African American boxer who was a prey of racially motivated injustice.
Johnson became the first black heavyweight world champion in 1908, acquiring a fight in Australia against a lily-white boxer from Canada. In July 1910 he pummelled the grey boxer Jim Jefferies in Reno, Nevada, a famed a victory that led to deadly race riotings.
In 1913 Johnson was billed for the purposes of the Mann Act with ferrying a prostitute across nation cables. Seeing the all-white jury, the boxer told his solicitor:” Eleven of those men are for life belief, and another is for hanging before listening the evidence presented .”
Duly imprisoned, Johnson said:” They crucified Christ, why not me ?” He then hop-skip bail and was just going to Europe. In 1920, he returned to the US and dished almost a year in jail.
Johnson died in a gondola disintegrate in North Carolina in 1946, at the age of 68. He has been largely celebrated since, invigorating a seminal jazz rock album by Miles Davis and journals and cinemas including a 2004 documentary by Ken Burns, Unforgivable Blackness: the Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson.
Since the beginning of this century, a campaign for a posthumous reprieve has gathered gait. George W Bush and Barack Obama, the first pitch-black chairwoman, did not act on the matter but the Arizona senator and 2008 Republican presidential nominee John McCain has supported legislation for a forgivenes. Harry Reid, the former Democratic Senate leader from Nevada who was a boxer in his youth, is another supporter.
In 2010, the British world-wide heavyweight champion Lennox Lewis told the Guardian that though Muhammad Ali’s” contribution was profound, Jack Johnson’s was the first “.
” It was quite a fib ,” Lewis said.” I am a lover of biography and it was good to look again at these kinds of stances that were about back in those periods, to see how far we have come.
” Even though black people were, in some way, more accepted in American culture, the promoters’ reverie became to look for controversy. And Jack Johnson was the first great entertainer. He payed them what they craved. Look at the time he lived.
” It was impressive “that hes” jaunting countries around the world, as a pitch-black serviceman, get arrested, leaving America, going to Europe. In the end he got old-fashioned, like we all do, and he got knocked out by Jess Willard .”
On Saturday, Trump tweeted that he had just was informed about Johnson from an actor famous for playing a imaginary- grey- boxer.
” Sylvester Stallone called me with the story of heavyweight boxing endorse Jack Johnson ,” Trump tweeted from Florida, where he watched the Houston funeral of former first lady Barbara Bush on tv, his wife Melania attending in his stead.
Stallone, the ace of the Rocky movies, has been a guest at the president’s Mar-a-Lago resort.
“[ Johnson’s] trials and tribulations were great ,” Trump added,” his life complex and controversial. Others have looked at this over the years, most thought it would be done, but yes, I am considering a Full Pardon !”
Trump has utilized his pardoning superpower three times: for the contentious Arizona sheriff Joe Arpaio, who was imprisoned of racially profiling Latinos; for Kristian Saucier, a sailor imprisoned of taking photos in a restricted expanse of a submarine; and earlier this month for I Lewis “Scooter” Libby, a Bush aide imprisoned of leaking the identify of a CIA agent.
Last month, reports that the president’s lawyers discussed the reprieving ability in situations of the Mueller investigation into Russian election interference and alleged links between Trump aides and Moscow induced general consternation.