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Uber’s self-driving vehicle control the pedestrian but didn’t swerve- report

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Tuning of cars software to avoid false positives blamed, as US National Transportation Safety Board investigation continues

An Uber self-driving research automobile which killed a woman crossing the street spotted her but decided not to react immediately, a report has said.

The car was touring at 40 mph( 64 km/ h) in self-driving mode when it collided with 49 -year-old Elaine Herzberg at about 10 pm on 18 March. Herzberg was pushing a bicycle across the road outside of a intersection. She later died as a result of her injuries.

Although the car’s sensors detected Herzberg, its application which decides how it should react was aria too far in favour of ignoring objectives in its direction that is likely to be” untrue positives”( such as plastic bags ), according to a report from the Information . This meant the modified Volvo XC9 0 did not react fast enough.

The report also said the human safety driver was not paying close enough attention to intervene before the vehicle struck the pedestrian.

Arizona suspended Uber’s self-driving vehicle testing after the incident. The firm later resolved with Herzberg’s family.

Uber and the US National Transportation Safety Board( NTSB) are investigating the incident. Uber has already reached its preliminary resolution, according to the report. A thorough NTSB report is expected later.

” We’re actively cooperating with the NTSB in their investigation. Out of respect for that process and the trust we’ve built with NTSB, we can’t comment on the specifics of such incidents ,” an Uber spokesperson said in a statement.” In the meantime, we have initiated a top-to-bottom safety review of our self-driving vehicles programme, and we have brought on former NTSB chair Christopher Hart to advise us on our overall refuge culture. Our review is looking at everything from the safety of our system to our grooming processes for vehicle operators, and we hope to have more to say soon .”

The collision commemorated the first fatality be given to a self-driving car, the development of which is regularly been named as the only way to eliminate road deaths for those inside and outside the car.

The incident was not the first polemic to involve Uber’s self-driving endeavors, which the company sees as key to its existence as a ride-sharing or taxi conglomerate. The corporation has been involved in a long-running battle with former Google self-driving car kit Waymo over crime to new technologies around Anthony Levandowski.

Uber’s self-driving technology was also called 5,000 epoches worse than Waymo’s in an independent analysis in 2017, while it has had legal conflicts with various US regimes where it has tried to test vehicles.

Tesla car that crashed and killed driver was ranging on Autopilot, house says Google sibling Waymo openings amply autonomous ride-hailing service

15 Incredible Cinemas That Nearly Never Got Made

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You know how the old-time saying runs – a rough superhighway extends up to the stars. Well, these filmmakers that you are going to read about sure know a thing or two about how this saying plays out in real life.

When you watch a movie, a talented filmmaker can help you travel through space and time by immersing you in a completely different world. But doing so requires an sickening slew of endeavour, sweat, and tears. Sometimes even the most genius architects are rejected by the giant Hollywood money-making machine, which goes to say that not everything that is profitable is bound to be good and vice versa.

As it is always interesting to get behind the scenes of famous movies, Bored Panda offers you a peek at what happens before they are made. This time, it’s not about props or the mighty CGI. This time, it’s about the cinemas that no one believed in or which were so hard to shape that exclusively through the sheer power of will and sometimes – a single stroke of luck – they have been did. All of these movies sooner or later proved to be huge successes, despite the rigors they( or more specifically, the person or persons behind them) endured.

# 1

Psycho( 1960)

Psycho was based on a 1959 fiction of the same name, for which Alfred Hitchcock bought the rights anonymously from Robert Bloch for only $ 9,000. The director then bought as many copies of the novel as he had been able to, to try to keep the ending a secret.

Before Psycho happened, Paramount and the genius chairman Alfred Hitchcock had a contract that means that the next movie Alfred represents is going to be under this studio giant. Nonetheless, Paramount didn’t want Psycho to happen. The studio premiers did not like “anything about it at all” and felt the book “too repulsive” and “impossible for films.” The studio repudiated Hitchcock his usual budget and even deferred most of the box-office revenues to him, completely convinced that the movie would flop.

However, Alfred wholeheartedly believed in his job and agreed to take 60% of the movie’s gross instead of his usual $ 250,000 wage. In addition to this, due to the poor financing, the director financed the Psycho creation himself through his own Shamley Productions. To keep the costs down, the movie was shot in black and white and most of the film’s crew was from his television series Alfred Hitchcock Presents, including the cinematographer, gave designer, write superintendent, and first deputy chairman.

Today, Psycho regarded as one of Hitchcock’s best films and is highly regarded by film critics and academics alike as a major work of cinematic artistry. One of the earliest examples of the slasher film genre, Psycho is now ranked among the greatest cinemas of all time.

# 2

Star Wars( 1977)

Three major studios – United Artists, Universal, Disney – passed on the write of Star Wars – nothing were devotees of the space opera genre. Finally, Fox agreed to finance the movie as they were hoping to made a brand-new up-and-coming chairman( whose American Graffiti was recently be appointed for best photo in the Oscars) under their backstage. They settled on a$ 8 million budget and George Lucas fly to Tunisia to start filming.

However, even the actors of Star Wars weren’t convinced of the success of the movie. Harrison Ford’s “George, you can type this sh* t, but you can’t say it” line pretty much summing-ups up how performers and crew members felt about the movie before its liberation. Another route dissing Star Wars was said by Alec Guinness: ” … new litter talk contacts me every other day on wadges of pink paper- and nothing of it realise my character clear or even bearable. I just think, thankfully, of the lovely dough, which are helpful in me keep going until next April.”

Prior to the release, George Lucas pictured an early bumpy slash to a group of his movie director friends. Reportedly, one of them announced it it the “worst movie ever”. Even George Lucas – the head himself – was so sure that the movie would flop, that instead of attending its debut, he went on vacation to Hawaii with his friend Steven Spielberg.

# 3

The Wizard Of Oz( 1939)

This timeless piece had to go through so much trouble, it nearly seems like a miracle that it induced its behavior to the theaters. For starters, the film went through four different both producers and three heads before it was secreted to the public.

Richard Thorpe, the first head, was fired after Buddy Epsen got sick from his Tin Man makeup and the make was closed down for two weeks( Buddy was then replaced by another performer ). The studio then replaced him with George Cukor, who later left the movie to work on Gone With the Wind . Then, Viktor Fleming took his neighbourhood, but not for long. Apparently, George Cukor get himself fired from Gone With the Wind by Clark Gable – rumor has it that it was because Gable found out that the chairman was gay – and was coming to The Wizard Of Oz .

Speaking of make nightmares , not only was Buddy Epsen poisoned from his makeup, the Scarecrow costume left the actor Ray Bolger with serious scars and Margaret Hamilton( Wicked Witch of the West) got gravely burned. It also, supposedly, was the reason Judy Garland got addicted to drugs. At the time of hitting, Garland was already a girl but the legend necessitated a prepubescent girlfriend, so she was prescribed with amphetamines to keep her weight down followed by barbiturates to help her sleep after mentally and physically spending 16 -hour daytimes of shooting. It is believed that this was the beginning of her drug addiction and the root cause behind her fatal stimulant overdose in 1969.

# 4

Little Miss Sunshine( 2006)

The quirky drama-comedy about a dysfunctional kinfolk was a small movie written by Matthew Broderick’s former assistant and two first-time administrators. It had no “no movie stars and no foreseeable foreign box office, ” the New York Times wrote more than a decade ago. But the narrative behind its yield has a Cinderella-like quality to it with a joyous ending.

While the plan of the movie takes home mainly over a single epoch, the actual movie took 5 year to induce. Back in 2001, Jonathan Dayton together with his wife Valerie Faris, spoke the script written by Michael Arndt – Matthew Broderick’s former auxiliary who had decided to pursue a vocation in writing and thus quit his assistant job. Jonathan and Valerie had never directed a movie – merely commercials and music videos, but they were wanting to make one for years. “This film genuinely struck a chord, ” said Ms. Faris.

Having bought the dialogue, the directors pitched the project to many studios in Hollywood which all legislated. Merely Focus Features( called USA Films at the time) were showing interest, but the executive heads hindered hesitating. “They didn’t recall the movie would jaunt, ” said one of the producers to the media. “And there wasn’t enough star power.” Eventually, Focus informed the filmmakers that they are not going to proceed with the movie. It was then that one of the producers decided to self-finance it, belief it will succeed.

Ultimately, the cinema proved to be a huge success and motivated a dictate crusade between studios after its debut. In the end, the studio Fox Searchlight ultimately prevailed, the movie received 81 apportion triumphs and proved everyone, who wasn’t a devotee, wrong.

# 5

Back To The Future( 1985)

Back to the Future – a science fiction comedy directed and co-written by Robert Zemeckis – was the highest-grossing movie of 1985. However, back in 1981, the script for Back to the Future “was rejected over 40 meters by every major studio and by some more than once”, as Bob Gale, its co-writer, tells. And when it was offered to Disney, its administrations regarded it too unclean .

Bob Gale, the co-writer of the movie recollected Disney telling them that “a mother falling in love with her son was not appropriate for a family film under the Disney banner.” Eventually, Universal Pictures picked up the movie exclusively after witnessing the success of the other Robert Zemeckis movie Romancing the Stone .

# 6

Blade Runner( 1982)

When director Ridley Scott started killing the film, he faced innumerable questions. Having already seen Alien in the UK, Ridley detected it hard to adapt to a different make process of making a movie in Los Angeles. What formed stuffs even worse were the comments the chairman made to one UK newspaper – apparently he was more keen on working with UK gangs and told the reporters so. Ridley Scott probably didn’t realize at the time the offense he had caused and later, when he came to the movie mounted, “hes found” the entire crew wearing T-shirts with slogans like, “Yes gov’nor my ass.” Ridley responded by showing up some time later wearing a T-shirt that said: “Xenophobia sucks”.

On top of this, the filming films loped late, various studio pates were angry at the director for going over the original fund, the original script hindered get re-written by various beings on numerous occasions before, after and during the production. Likewise, the studio didn’t like the original Blade Runner ending and pushed the director to be modified up to a joyou one.

However, one of the most famous incidents associated with Blade Runner is the voice-over. Apparently, when Harrison Ford signed the contract, he asked for the script’s voice-over narration to be replaced with some extra scenes, as the narration saw him feel “like a detective who did very little detecting.” But before Blade Runner was released, the studio decided that the voice-over was needed and insisted Ford on obliging various different versions of it.

Here’s what the actor thought about it: “When we started shooting, it had been tacitly was of the view that the form of the cinema that we had agreed upon was the version without voice-over narration. It was a f ** king nightmare. I thought that the movie had worked without the narration. I started kicking and screaming to the studio to record it.”

Even though Blade Runner was not met enthusiastically by critics or observers, it has grown on parties over the course of season and is now considered one of the most significant a few examples of science fiction movies.

# 7

Toy Story( 1995)

One former Disney animator – John Lasseter – became mesmerized with the idea of making an wholly computer-animated film and pitched the relevant recommendations to his Disney bosses. Nonetheless, Disney wasn’t so keen on it and spurned the proposal. But after John went on and co-founded Pixar and caused a computer-animated short Tin Toy that won an Academy Award, it formed Disney regret their initial decision.

Pixar was then approached by Disney to produce another computer-animated film, but this time a feature-length one. When the dialogue was finally approved by Disney in 1993, Pixar began working on its production and casting. Every two weeks, the Pixar team would put together their storyboards or footage to show Disney only for each presentation to get torn up by the executives. After numerous rounds of change-ups and rewrites, it was concluded that Woody had been stripped of “almost all charm.” Even Tom Hanks, while chronicle one of the dialogues, at one point exclaimed that Woody was “a jerk.”

After the first half of the movie was done, one of the Disney executives testified it a terminated mess and stopped the whole production.

John Lasseter was vanquished. He requested the studio’s head for one more chance, which he lastly agreed to. 3 months later, the Pixar team came back with a brand-new dialogue and by February 1994, the movie was back in product. In a month, the singer performers returned to record their brand-new ways and the crew proliferated from the original 24 to 110 people.

When Toy Story was finally released in 1995, it was met with critical acclaim and praise, 17 award nominations and 22 accolade acquires( including an Oscar ).

# 8

The Emperor’s New Groove( 2000)

Disney’s enlivened aspect The Emperor’s New Groove was originally planned to be a dramatic musical identified Kingdom of the Sun – a “romantic comedy musical in the ‘traditional’ Disney style.” However, the underwhelming box office concerts of Pocahontas and The Hunchback of Notre Dame scared large-scale Disney execs and they felt that the project needed more comedy in order not to flop like the two other livings. So, one of individual producers contacted and offered Mark Dindal to be co-director on the film. During the summer of 1997, the team was confirmed – Roger Allers and Mark Dindal would work as the film’s heads while Randy Fullmer is likely to be the producer.

Sadly, in the summer of 1998, it became apparent that due to the frenetic yield, the crew was not going to be able to meet the 2000 summertime deadline as strategy. It is rumored that around that time, one of the Disney executives walked into the producer’s office, targeted his thumb and forefinger a quarter-inch( 5 mm) apart and stated, “Your film is this close to being shut down.” Director Roger Allers tried to negotiate and extend the production time further to at least six months, but the request was denied and Allers left the project.

The prospects of the movie were seeming preferably dim now with production costs amounting towards $30 million with only 25% of the film invigorated. The make was given an ultimatum: two weeks to salvage the project or the make would be completely shut down. Even Sting, who recorded the official soundtrack, wasn’t as amused as he was before: “I write the music, and then they’re supposed to animate it, but there are constantly alterations being built. It’s incessantly in turnaround.”

However, the biggest sting to Sting was when his songs, related to specific vistums and attributes that were now taken out of the movie, “mustve been” lowered. Sting disappeared from “angry and perturbed” to wanting “some vengeance.” Eventually, Disney agreed to allow three of the six removed psalms to be released as bonus ways on the soundtrack album.

But the disagreements didn’t end there. Apparently, the original objective of The Emperor’s New Groove had one of the most important reputations improving an amusement park. Again, Sting wasn’t so entertained: “I wrote them a note and said, ‘You do this, I’m resigning because this is exactly the opposite of what I stand for. I’ve expended 20 times trying to defend the rights of indigenous people and you’re precisely marching over them to build a theme park. I will not be party to this.'” As a answer, the ending was changed to Kuzco constructing a shack same to Pacha’s.

While the movie wasn’t a huge box office success, the pundits praised it and it detected its room into people’s mettles when it was released for home media, becoming the bestselling DVD of 2001.

# 9

Titanic( 1997)

Things were so tense during the shooting of Titanic that the press expected the movie would be a total flop. It too deserved the administrator James Cameron reputation of “‘the scariest gentleman in Hollywood.”

Firstly, the filming planned pulled from an originally-intended 138 to 160. Many members of the shoot, including Kate Winslet, were coming down with coldness, flu, or kidney illness due to long hours spent in cold water. Three stuntmen had break-dance their bones while several other crew members left the product all-together.

Even though Kate Winslet almost prayed James Cameron to let her performance Rose, after working on Titanic, the actress pledged to never work with the administrator again, unless she “earned a lot of money.”

Then, things took an even more unexpected turn when one of the crew members( to this day , no one knows precisely who) employed a dissociative drug PCP( known as angel dust) in people’s( including James Cameron) soups during noon. “There were people precisely wheeling around, totally out of it. Some of them “says thats” insuring flecks and psychedelics, ” said actor Lewis Abernathy. The narcotic send 50 people to the hospital.

Naturally, after such a long and laborious creation, when James Cameron heard that the studio bosses wanted to cut the movie as it was “too long” … “You want to cut my movie? You’re going to have to fire me! You want to fire me? You’re going to have to kill me! “

No one dared to fire Cameron and today we can all appreciate Titanic – maybe not for being a cinematic masterpiece, but a heart-wrenching love story that’s embedded in our collective consciousness.

#10

Apocalypse Now( 1979)

The director of Apocalypse Now , Francis Ford Coppola, has infamously once said about the movie, “We were in the jungle. We had too much money. We had too much equipment. And little by little, we departed insane.”

Out of the many hardships that harassed the yield were the following: the cinema took much more significant to induce than was estimated, the film’s crew were coming down with various tropical diseases as they were shooting in the Philippines, Martin Sheen had suffered a heart attack, Francis Ford Coppola – several nervous breakdown. On top of this, Martin Sheen was battling his alcohol addiction at the time and mental health issues and reportedly told his friends: “I don’t know if I’m going to live through this.”

In addition to this, the famed performer Marlon Brando came to the placed absolutely unprepared, without having read a single line from the write. He was too heavily overweight which was not the appear the filmmakers were going for an amped-up soldier. While Brando was learning his threads, the whole production with 900 beings was put on hold.

In addition to the aforementioned chaos, the Philippines government that had given various of its helicopters to feature in the film, were taking them away from time to time as the despot Ferdinand Marcos needed them to fight anti-government rebels. Oh, and let’s not forget about the dead people laying around on the filming gave, too! Apparently, one of the prop guys “workin on” the adjust was a grave robber and would supply the gang with real-life cadavers without the creation unit knowing. Naturally, after they found out, the gang was livid. Police were announced, they took everyone’s passports while the investigation was ongoing. After a while, the truth came out and the grave robber was put in jail. All in all, despite the nightmarish creation, it went on to became an epitome of the struggle film category and is now regarded as an all-time classic.

#11

Pulp Fiction( 1994)

“‘This is the worst thing ever written. It constructs no feel. Someone’s dead and then they’re alive. It’s too long, violent, and unfilmable.” This was said about the now-classic Pulp Fiction when its co-writer Roger Avary and Quentin Tarantino took the write to TriStar. It was too called “too demented.” The studio executives were emphatically not a fan of non-linear storytelling, which eventually constructed the film so memorable.

The story leads that if it weren’t for the notorious Harvey Weinstein and his brother Bob at Miramax, Pulp Fiction would have never seen daylight the way it was written. “Quentin was given complete and total command to make that movie precisely as he determines it in his head, ” co-writer Roger Avary later recalled to the media.

#12

The Exorcist( 1973)

If it weren’t for a sheer stroke of luck, we wouldn’t have the movie The Exorcist today – one of the most famous( and fearing) horror movies made to this date.

It was first written as a romance by William Peter Blatty in 1971, later adapted to a screenplay and finally brought to the big screen by head William Friedkin. However, when Blatty wrote the book, it “got very nice refreshes, ” the writer recalled. “But nobody was buying the book.” Then, according to the writer, he was helped out by a “divine hand.” After he did a pre-interview for a potential client look on one the escapades of “The Dick Cavett Show, ” the interviewer told him to not to get his hopes up, as the multitude wasn’t a huge fan of paranormal stories.

Then, one day he was having a dinner with one of the publishers, when unexpectedly she got a call from the Tv demonstrate. They needed William Peter Blatty to get to the show in times, as one of their guests has canceled. Apparently, the other guest that did get on the display on time, was a little bit tipsy and what had to be a 5-minute interview with “the authors ” of The Exorcist, extended into a 45 -minute conversation on his volume on national Tv. This gave the book the elevate that was so needed and got the attention of Hollywood executives.

Soon enough, the then-Warner Bros. studio foreman rendered a green light to realize the movie and paved the direction for it to become a classic in the repugnance genre.

#13

Dumb And Dumber( 1994)

The movie that ultimately solid Jim Carrey’s career was originally turned down by essentially every major Hollywood studio. The dialogue obstructed getting rejected as no studio is ready to associate themselves with Dumb and Dumber as they discovered the designation ridiculous. Written by the Farrelly brethren, the script had to be re-named( to Go West and then A Power Tool is Not a Toy ) only to get studio execs to read it.

Eventually, the dialogue established its road to the New Line Cinema whose chairwoman Mike De Luca loved it and agreed to make it. However, the CEO Bob Shayne didn’t like it but after long consideration, agreed to take it up only under one condition – if the directors could assure two leading actors from a directory of 25 ones provided by the studio. Unfortunately, all of the actors turned down the role.

Then, one of the film’s farmers got Jim Carrey to read the dialogue, who was a promising new-comer to the comedy scene as someone remembered “that white guy” from In Living Color .

Jim liked the script, filmmakers liked Jim and together they eventually drew history, as Jim became the first performer to headline three number one box office movies in the same year( Ace Ventura: Pet Detective, The Mask, and Dumb and Dumber ). Bet the studio execs who turned down the movie feel so dumb right now.

#14

The Omen( 1976)

After Rosemary’s Baby and The Exorcist had already proved to be a huge success, creators knew The Omen was bound to be a money maker.

However, after signing the contract, the executive heads who pitched the relevant recommendations of The Omen , abruptly began informing everyone that the movie “wouldve been” cursed. “The devil didn’t want the picture to be made, “ he said

Now here is the short version of all the peculiar things that happened before, during and after the production of The Omen . Firstly, two months prior to filming the movie, lead performer Gregory Peck’s son kill himself. Then, while on a plane to London in September, the same actor’s plane was struck by lightning. Few weeks after the incident, the executive producer of the film was flying when his airplane was also struck by lightning. The London hotel where the same producer and others were biding was bombed by the IRA( Irish Republican Army ), just after they left.

On top of this, an animal handler who helped the shoot with the baboon situation( in the movie, a cluster of baboons attack a auto while the son and his mommy are inside of it ), was killed by two lions shortly thereafter the shooting wrapped. Then, special effects artist John Richardson, responsible for the awful decapitation scene, got in a automobile accident during the post-production of the cinema when driving on a deserted road. Apparently, he gate-crashed head-on into another vehicle and the collision decapitated his passenger’s – assistant Liz Moore’s – head. Mind you, the manner of decapitation was eerily similar to the one depicted in the movie … John Richardson also apparently identified a superhighway signed near the scene of the accident marking the distance to a Dutch town that read: Ommen, 66.6 km.

Lastly, a plane that was hired by the crew of the movie, but was swapped at the last minute, exited disintegrating down shortly after takeoff and killed everyone on board. It’s certainly a miracle that the movie got realise when you think about it.

#15

Being John Malkovich( 1999)

Written by Charlie Kaufman, this off-beat drama-comedy was tough to sell. Kaufman wrote the write back in 1994 and although it was widely read by managers of various studios, they all turned it down. Still hoping to find a producer for development projects, the writer sent the write to Francis Ford Coppola, who passed it on to his then-son-in-law Spike Jonze.

Spike had agreed to direct the movie and produced the dialogue to Propaganda Films who agreed to produce it in partnership with Single Cell Pictures. The creators from Single Cell then pitched the film to innumerable studios. Again, every studio rejected it, including New Line Cinema, who passed away Being John Malkovich after chairperson Robert Shaye requested: “Why the f ** k can’t “its been” Being Tom Cruise ? ” Even John Malkovich himself understandably had some reservations: “Either the movie’s a bombard and it’s got not only my mention above the deed but my refer in the designation, so I’m f ** ked that route; or it does well and I’m just forever associated with this character.”

Finally, the movie was finished and distributed thanks to USA Films, becoming an immediate reached and garnering three Oscar nominations. One of the nominations was actually for the best original screenplay.

Police Reveal Singer Kylie Rae Harris Was Drunk& Going 102 Mph Before Fatal Car Crash – Perez Hilton

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We are devasted to report this update from the investigation into country artist Kylie Rae Harris ‘ death.

Back in September, it was determined the Big Ol’ Heartache singer was at fault in a appalling three-vehicle car crash that killed her, injured another driver, and claimed living conditions of 16 -year-old Maria Elena Cruz .

The star was on her space to the Big Barn Dance Music Festival in Taos, New Mexico when the accident happened — and police have now established she was drunk and driving at fantastically high speeds.

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Photos: Stars We “ve lost” 2019

A spokesperson for the Taos County Sheriff’s Office approved their findings in a press release on Thursday 😛 TAGEND

” Data[ from the cars’ on-board computers] showed Ms. Harris’ hastened at 102 km / hour at the time of the first crash event before crossing into the oncoming lane and striking Ms. Cruz’ vehicle at 95 km / hour .”

Wow. 102 miles per hour? That’s an extremely dangerous speed for even some of the most experienced drivers…

Authorities likewise shared finds from a toxicology report which shown Harris’ blood alcohol concentration rank was three times the legal limit for impaired driving at. 28. Meanwhile, teen operator Cruz had no alcohol in her system at the time of the crash.

Taos County Sheriff Jerry Hogrefe said police initially supposed alcohol played a factor in the incident and is explained their office’s investigation 😛 TAGEND

” The now-completed investigation supports what we believed at the time of our initial investigation and my earlier press release that stated alcohol uptake was suspected and hastening continues to contribute .”

UGH. We is impossible to imagine difficult this must be for the Cruz family to know this senseless tragedy could have been avoided with much better decision making on Harris’ part.

Not merely was she recording Instagram videos while in the driver’s seat, according to court records obtained by DailyMail.com , Harris had a history of wino driving, too.

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Norway and the -Aha moment that stimulated electric cars the answer

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A country fuelled by hydropower has become the worlds electric vehicle leader

In 1995, the lead singer of the 1980 s party -Aha and the head of the Norwegian environmental group Bellona climbed improbably into a converted electric Fiat Panda they had imported from Switzerland and went off on a superhighway trip.

They drove around Oslo refusing to pay the city’s sky-high superhighway tolls, parking illegally wherever they could, and discounting every disadvantage notice they were given. Eventually, the authorities impounded their vehicle and auctioned it off to cover the fines.

But the stunt lured massive media attention, and the point was made. Soon after, electric vehicles were exempted from road tolls, one of a large raft of incentives that have, over the years, facilitated shape Norway the country with the world’s highest per capita electrical vehicle ownership.

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Last month, in an economy hit by the coronavirus crisis, amply electric cars to be taken into consideration simply under 60% of Norway’s new automobile market, and plug-in hybrids only over 15%- signify three in four of all brand-new autoes sold were either utterly or partially electric.

It still has some way to go, but the country sounds on route to meet a government target- set in 2016, with full cross-party parliamentary support- of phasing out the sale of all brand-new fossil-fuel based gondolas and light-footed commercial vehicles by 2025.

” It’s actually pretty amazing how quickly the mindset’s changed ,” said Christina Bu of the Norwegian EV Electric Vehicle Association.” Even in 2013 or 2014, parties were sceptical. Now, majority decisions of Norwegians will say: my next automobile will be electrical .”

The story of how and why that has happened has a straightforward, if unexpected logic. First, despite has become a major oil and gas producer, virtually all of Norway’s domestic vigour comes from a single, and renewable, informant: hydropower.

That makes switching to EVs is a much greener option for Norway than for countries whose power is generated chiefly by coal bushes- and that if it wants to significantly reduce its radiation levels, it has little choice but to green its transport sector.

Driven by the environmental imperative, the government began offering incentives to buy and move electric cars as far back as 1990, first by introducing a temporary exemption from Norway’s exorbitant vehicle purchase tax, which became permanent six years later.

” This was an important step ,” Bu said.” Norway was a very poor country before we detected oil; automobiles were a luxury piece. They’ve always been levied very highly. Automobiles in Norway are a lot more expensive than abroad. Without the acquire excise, the cost of an electric car mostly descended to that of an ordinary gondola .”

Since then, electric car drivers have been given the right to park for free in some municipal parking lot, drive in bus corridors, take ferries without air tickets and, thanks to -Aha, drive toll-free. They are not required to pay VAT on their gondolas, or road tax, and company electric cars are taxed at a lower frequency than petrol or diesel vehicles.

Some measures have changed over the years: to be allowed to drive in a bus lane, for example, you now need to be carrying air passengers. A so-called 50% pattern adopted in 2017, giving local authorities to charge EV operators up to 50% of the parking fees, street tolls and ferrying proportions applicable to fossil-fuel vehicles.

But overall, said Bu, the” combining of a big one-off saving when you buy the car, plus the substantially lower costs- gasoline, fees, parking, maintenance- of actually driving it, still includes up to a very powerful fiscal debate. Over its lifetime, you really save a lot of money with an electric car in Norway .”

That was certainly what persuaded Wenche Charlotte Egelund, 57, who purchased a VW Golf Electric with her partner two years ago when they moved out of central Oslo.” The incentives is of paramount importance ,” she said.” The charge and VAT exemptions, free municipal parking, free toll roads that mean we avoid the rush-hour traffic congestion .”

EV
EV blame stations at Kongens Gate near Akershus Festning in Oslo. Photograph: Bloomberg via Getty Images

In fact, Egelund said, the incentives were so significant that she nearly” felt the decision was imposed on me. Financially, it was like there was no other sensible alternative. I do wonder whether it really is as light-green as we are told. Is a vehicle moving on clean diesel certainly worse than the environmental impact of producing an EV battery ?”

Rachel Ritman, 56, a postwoman living on the outskirts of Fredrikstad, bought her Opel Ampera two years ago and said she has not repented her pick, even though they are she was ” not sure we would have gone electrical without the incentives “. The car’s stray was good, she said: 250 miles( 400 km) in summer, 200 miles( 320 km) in wintertime and because she charges at home she does not suffer from ” lade-angst”, or the concerns of “re running out of” juice.

Both Ritman and Egelund have a second, diesel-powered car for extra-long jaunts, to country compartments or vacations. Sten Brathen, 55, a media consultant, bought his Nissan Leaf as a second car” for taking the children around and driving to work. But there were so many advantages that “when hes” get a new primary automobile last year we didn’t think twice about croaking electric .”

Government motivations were vital in the decision to buy, Brathen said:” I think we would have managed without the other incentives- free toll roads and parking- but the actual cost of buying was so much lower than ordinary autoes here in Norway .” He forewarned, though, that Norway was going to need more charging stations.

Despite the incentives, EV sales in Norway remained low until about 2010, when a number of smaller, more affordable electric cars from creators such as Mitsubishi and Nissan came to market, and improved technology intended large electric cars began to offer both the infinite and range to become them a sensible option for families.

Bu said the incentives were so significant that” many people say they’ve bought the most expensive car they’ve ever had when they buy electrical- Teslas, Jaguars, that kind of model- simply because they’ve calculated what kind of saving they’re going to be make-up over the coming years, and feel it clears gumption “.

That has led to accusations that Norway’s encouragement of electric vehicles amounts to little more than tax slashes for the rich, or a cut-price second gondola. Many Norwegians on lower incomes can only dream of owning an electric car, and three out of four automobile acquisitions are on the secondhand market.

Bu- whose organisation represents buyers rather than makes- scorned this, arguing that” we have to change the cars we drive, and the only way to do that is to change the brand-new automobiles. We can’t modify used ones “. EVs will soon make up 10% of Norway’s passenger fleet, she said, and are slowly coming on to the used market.

She said she was confident for the future of electric vehicles, even in countries without a big renewable power sphere, and studies show that EVs lope on superpower generated from fossil fuel are responsible for roughly the same level of overall CO 2 releases as petrol cars.

” As national societies, we clearly is therefore necessary to do two things ,” she said.” Produce more renewable energy and commodities- like cars- that can run on it ,” she said.” We is therefore necessary to do both, as swiftly as possible. We can’t has been dragging on until we’re raise 100% renewable energy .”

Electric cars are” never going to be truly environmentally friendly”, Bu said.” The prime question is representing the artilleries. We need clean artillery creators in Europe. But seem, we need transport. We need gondolas and vans, specially outside our metropolitans. And for us, electrical provides answers .”

This floor is a part of Covering Climate Now’s week of coverage focused on Climate Solutions, to label the 50 th anniversary of Earth Day. The Guardian is the lead partner in Covering Climate Now, a global journalism collaboration committed to strengthening coverage of the climate floor .

Spotify positioned to be a $25 bn company on eve of IPO

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Music streaming services IPO comes amid fierce competitor in the sector and high volatility

Spotify is poised to press the performance button on a stock exchange swim that will test investors’ religion in its future prospects, amid desegregated lucks for fast-growing technology companies.

Analysts said the performance of the music streaming service’s shares on its first day of trading on Tuesday would determine market opinion on whether it can stave off fierce competition for music followers’ pocketbooks and eventually make a profit.

The Swedish company’s listing on the New york stock exchange will too volunteer greater revelation into investors’ postures to technology firms, following a cord of floats that have attracted great fanfare but met with deviate receptions.

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Wall Street offered a timely remember of the volatility that can affect firms reliant on the promise of things to come, as electric car firm Tesla’s shares slumped nearly 7% in early trading on Monday.

Billionaire Elon Musk’s company suffered amid forecasts that deliveries of its Model 3 vehicle are falling short of its targets, as investigators look into a fatal crash involving one of its autoes in the self-steering Autopilot mode.

Spotify, like fellow tech houses such as Tesla and Uber, is yet to make a profit, as its income fights to keep pace with expenditures, including the royalties it pays to record labels and artists.

Analysts expect it to be valued at $20 bn- $25 bn, although the listing is also something of a plunge into the unknown for potential investors.

Unlike most business that float, Spotify is not publish any brand-new capital, which intends it has not set a price for its shares in advance.

Would-be investors cannot turn to Spotify’s past earnings for lead because it has never reported any, racking up combined loss of roughly EUR1bn( PS870m) over the past three years.

The element of confusion could generate heydays and troughs in the price of Spotify shares, according to Laith Khalaf of stockbroker Hargreaves Lansdown.

” This approach will save the company coin, but will probably lead to volatility when the stock starts trading, as the market tries to find a price it’s comfortable with ,” he said.

” The point the company isn’t turning a profit represents the toll discovery mechanism of a direct float is even more likely to be choppy .”

The success of the float will likewise signal the scope of investors’ ideology in Spotify’s ability to thrive amid competition from the likes of Apple and Amazon, both of which have greater financial muscle.

Spotify is experiencing rapid income emergence, up from EUR7 46 m in 2013 to a predicted wander of between EUR4. 9bn and EUR5. 3bn last year. It has an estimated 40% share of the world-wide share of music stream, imparting it increasing agreement influence with labels and artists over the royalties it compensates them.

User figures are expected to increase from 157 million to 170 million this year, with paying readers slated to increase from 72 million to 90 million.

But the company is on course for fresh operating losings as large as EUR3 30 m for the 2017 financial year.

” The challenge the company now faces is how to monetise non-paying customers more efficiently, while paying out royalties to the various record labels for content at the same time ,” said Michael Hewson of CMC Markets.

Recent technology moves have proved volatile, with cloud storage corporation Dropbox up 40% since its float last month, while Snap- the company behind social media app Snapchat- experienced a successful debut but has since fallen 15% below its float price, including a 7% fall in Monday’s early training.

Tesla’s share cost fall on Monday pictured it fall back below Ford in terms of stock market value, having overtaken the automotive titan in April last year.

Norway and the -Aha moment that built electric cars the answer

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A country fuelled by hydropower has become the worlds electric vehicle leader

In 1995, the lead singer of the 1980 s band -Aha and the head of the Norwegian environmental group Bellona clambered improbably into a converted electric Fiat Panda they had imported from Switzerland and set off on a road trip.

They drove around Oslo refusing to pay the city’s sky-high road tolls, parking illegally wherever they are unable to, and dismissing every retribution notice they were given. Eventually, the authorities concerned impounded their car and auctioned it off to cover the fines.

But the stunt attracted massive media attention, and the point was obliged. Soon after, electric vehicles were exempted from road fees, one of a large raft of motivations that have, over the years, helped shape Norway the country with the world’s highest per capita electric vehicle ownership.

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Last month, in an economy hit by the coronavirus crisis, amply electric cars accounted for just under 60% of Norway’s new gondola marketplace, and plug-in composites precisely over 15%- meaning three in four of all brand-new cars sold were either wholly or partly electric.

It still has some style to go, but the country looks on direction to meet a government target- set in 2016, with full cross-party parliamentary support- of phasing out the sale of all brand-new fossil-fuel based vehicles and light-colored commercial vehicles by 2025.

” It’s actually quite amazing how quickly the mindset’s changed ,” said Christina Bu of the Norwegian EV Electric Vehicle Association.” Even in 2013 or 2014, beings were sceptical. Now, a majority of Norwegians will say: my next vehicle will be electrical .”

The story of how and why that has happened has a straightforward, if unexpected reasoning. First, despite being a major oil and gas producer, almost all of Norway’s domestic force comes from a single, and renewable, informant: hydropower.

That signifies switching to EVs is a much greener option for Norway than for countries whose power is generated predominantly by coal flowers- and that if it wants to significantly reduce its radiation stages, it has little choice but to dark-green its transport sector.

Driven by the environmental imperative, the government began offering incentives to buy and run electric cars as far back as 1990, first by introducing a temporary exception from Norway’s exorbitant vehicle purchase tax, which became permanent six years later.

” This represents an important step ,” Bu said.” Norway was a very poor country before we discovered lubricant; automobiles were a indulgence part. They’ve always been tariffed very highly. Automobiles in Norway are a lot more expensive than elsewhere. Without the acquire imposition, the cost of an electric car basically fell to that of an ordinary car .”

Since then, electric car operators have been given the right to park for free in some municipal parking lot, drive in bus trails, take boats without air tickets and, thanks to -Aha, drive toll-free. They are not required to pay VAT on their vehicles, or road imposition, and firm electric cars are taxed at a lower pace than petrol or diesel vehicles.

Some measures have changed over the years: to be allowed to drive in a bus trail, for example, you now need to be carrying a passenger. A so-called 50% convention was introduced in 2017, allowing local authorities to charge EV operators up to 50% of the parking costs, street tolls and shuttle frequencies applicable to fossil-fuel vehicles.

But overall, said Bu, the” combination of a big one-off saving when you buy the car, plus the substantially lower costs- ga, fees, parking, upkeep- of actually driving it, still includes up to a very powerful fiscal disagreement. Over its lifetime, “youve been” save a lot of money with an electric car in Norway .”

That was certainly what urged Wenche Charlotte Egelund, 57, who purchased a VW Golf Electric with her marriage two years ago when they moved out of central Oslo.” The motivations is of paramount importance ,” she said.” The levy and VAT exemptions, free municipal parking, free toll roads that means that we are avoid the rush-hour traffic jams .”

EV
EV bill stations at Kongens Gate near Akershus Festning in Oslo. Photograph: Bloomberg via Getty Images

In fact, Egelund said, the incentives were so significant that she virtually” felt the decision was imposed on me. Financially, it was like there was no other sensible option. I do wonder whether it really is as light-green as we are told. Is a automobile moving on clean diesel certainly worse than the environmental impact of producing an EV battery ?”

Rachel Ritman, 56, a postwoman living on the outskirts of Fredrikstad, bought her Opel Ampera two years ago and said she has not regretted her select, even though they are she was ” not sure we would have gone electrical without the incentives “. The car’s array was good, she said: 250 miles( 400 km) in summer, 200 miles( 320 km) in winter and because she charges at home she does not suffer from ” lade-angst”, or the concerns of running out of juice.

Both Ritman and Egelund have a second, diesel-powered car for extra-long jaunts, to country rooms or vacations. Sten Brathen, 55, a media consultant, bought his Nissan Leaf as a second car” for taking the children around and driving to work. But there were so many advantages that “when hes” get a brand-new main car last year we didn’t think twice about travelling electric .”

Government incentives were vital in the decision to buy, Brathen said:” I think we would have managed without the other incentives- free toll roads and parking- but the actual cost of buying was so much lower than ordinary vehicles here in Norway .” He informed, though, that Norway was going to need more billing stations.

Despite the incentives, EV marketings in Norway remained low until about 2010, when a number of smaller, more affordable electric cars from makes such as Mitsubishi and Nissan came to market, and improved technology represented large electric cars began to offer both the space and range to establish them a sensible choice for families.

Bu said the incentives were so significant that” many people say they’ve bought the most expensive car they’ve ever had when they purchase electrical- Teslas, Jaguars, that kind of model- simply because they’ve calculated what kind of saving they’re going to be clear over the coming years, and feel it forms sense “.

That has led to accusations that Norway’s encouragement of electric vehicles amounts to little more than tax sections for the rich, or a cut-price second vehicle. Many Norwegians on lower incomes can only dream of owning an electric car, and three out of four automobile acquires are on the secondhand market.

Bu- whose organisation represents purchasers rather than farmers- spurned this, is considered that” we have to change the cars we drive, and the only way to do that is to change the new gondolas. We can’t vary used ones “. EVs will soon make up 10% of Norway’s fare fleet, she said, and are slowly coming on to the used market.

She said she was confident for the future of electrical vehicles, even in countries without a big renewable strength sector, and studies show that EVs lope on dominance generated from fossil fuel are responsible for roughly the same level of overall CO 2 radiations as petrol cars.

” As a society, we clearly have to do two things ,” she said.” Produce more renewables and concoctions- like automobiles- that can run on it ,” she said.” We is therefore necessary to do both, as swiftly as possible. We can’t has been dragging on until we’re produce 100% renewable energy .”

Electric automobiles are” never going to be truly environmentally friendly”, Bu said.” The central question is representing the batteries. We need clean artillery farmers in Europe. But look, we need transport. We need automobiles and vans, especially outside our metropolis. And for us, electrical provides answers .”

This legend is a part of Covering Climate Now’s week of coverage focused on Climate Solutions, to tag the 50 th anniversary of Earth Day. The Guardian is the lead partner in Covering Climate Now, a global journalism collaboration committed to strengthening coverage of the climate narrative .

From Agatha Christie to Gillian Flynn: 50 great thrillers by females

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In response to a inventory of the 100 best crime novels that had only 28 female generators, Ann Cleeves, Val McDermid and Dreda Say Mitchell and other leading writers select some alternatives

When the Sunday Times picked its 100 favourite crime and spy fictions issued since 1945 last weekend, simply 28 were by girls.” Seeing the chronic conscious and unconscious bias against wreak by women is infuriating ,” wrote Marian Keyes on Twitter.” Yeh, and don’t@ me, saying that gentlemen are just better, don’t be that tool .”

Keyes got the ball rolled with some suggestions of books that could have been included. So we asked some of the UK’s best girl crime scribes for further suggestions, precisely to get us up to 50 and even the scales.

Sophie Hannah

Hannah has chosen” amazing fictions that your readers probably haven’t yet detected. All were absolutely vital to my development as a psychological crime scribe .”

Summertime by Liz Rigbey
Follows a woman who loses her newborn and whose father-god unexpectedly drowns. When her husband and sister close ranks against her, she has started to believe they are lying to her.

The Spider’s House by Sarah Diamond
Also published as In the Spider’s House. When Anna Howell discovers that a 1960 s child murderess was the previous inhabitant of her old shack, her matrimony, sanity and life come under threat.

Hidden by Katy Gardner
When a young mother’s seven-year-old daughter disappears, she encounters herself questioning everything in their own lives. Then a police officer starts requesting about the murder of a woman 14 months earlier …

A Shred of Evidence by Jill McGown
DI Judy Hill and DCI Lloyd investigate the murder of a 15 -year-old girl on a patch of open parkland in the center of town.

Searching for Shona by Margaret Jean Anderson
The prosperous Marjorie Malcolm-Scott trades suitcases, ends and identities with orphan Shona McInnes, as children are evacuated from Edinburgh at the start of the second world war.

Denise
Denise Mina, generator of two notebooks on our schedule, The Field of Blood and The Demise of the Wasp Season. Photograph: Murdo MacLeod/ The Guardian

Val McDermid

The Franchise Affair by Josephine Tey
A teenage war orphan accuses two women of kidnap and defamation, but something about her tale doesn’t add up.

Rubbernecker by Belinda Bauer
The Booker-longlisted columnist of Snap follows it up with the narrative of a medical student with Asperger’s who attempts to solve a murder.

The Field of Blood by Denise Mina
The first in the Paddy Meehan series accompanies the reporter looking into the disappearance of small children from his Glasgow home, with indicate placing the police towards two young boys.

A Fatal Inversion by Barbara Vine
Writing under her pen name, Ruth Rendell tells of the breakthrough of a woman and child in the animal graveyard at Wyvis Hall, 10 years after a group of young people wasted the summer there.

When Will There Be Good News? by Kate Atkinson
In the third Jackson Brodie book, a man is released from prison 30 times after he killer the mother and siblings of a six-year-old girl in the Devon countryside.

Ann Cleeves

Little Deaths by Emma Flint
Inspired by the real occasion of Alice Crimmins, this tells of the status of women whose two children go missing from her suite in Queens.

The Dry by Jane Harper
During Australia’s worst drought in a century, three members of one family in a small country town are assassinated, with the leader believed to have killed his wife and son before committing suicide.

Devices and Desires by PD James
Adam Dalgliesh takes on a serial murderer terrorising a remote Norfolk community.

The End of the Wasp Season by Denise Mina
Heavily pregnant DS Alex Morrow investigates the violent death of a prosperous lady in Glasgow.

Fire Sale by Sara Paretsky
The inimitable VI Warshawski takes over coaching duties of the girls’ basketball team at her former high school, and probes the explosion of the flag manufacturing plant where one of the girl’s mothers works.

Lauren
Lauren Beukes, writer of time-travel crime drama The Shining Girls. Photograph: Ulf Andersen/ Getty Images

Sharon Bolton

Gone by Mo Hayder
In Hayder’s fifth thriller featuring Bristol DI Jack Caffrey, he goes after a car-jacker who is taking vehicles with children in them.

Gentlemen and Players by Joanne Harris
A cruel reprisal is being planned against the boys’ grammar school in the north of England where eccentric Latin employer Roy Straitley is contemplating retirement.

The Shining Girls by Lauren Beukes
A time-travelling, cruel war ex-serviceman gradations through the activities of the decade to assassinate astonishing women – his” glowing girls”- in Chicago, in this high-concept thriller.

The Wicked Girls by Alex Marwood
Two women who were sentenced for assassinating a six-year-old when they were children meet again as adults, when one detects the body of a teenager.

Apple Tree Yard by Louise Doughty
Married scientist Yvonne, who is drawn into a heartfelt liaison with a stranger, is on trial for murder.

Sarah Ward

A Place of Execution by Val McDermid
Journalist Catherine Heathcote analyse the disappearance of a 13 -year-old girl in the Peak District village of Scarsdale in 1963.

The Crossing Places by Elly Griffiths
Forensic archaeologist Dr Ruth Galloway analyse the detection of a child’s bones near the site of a archaic henge on the north Norfolk salt marshes.

The Ice House by Minette Walters
A decade after Phoebe Maybury’s husband inexplicably faded, a corpse is discovered and the police become determined to charge her with murder.

The Liar’s Girl by Catherine Ryan Howard
When a person is found in Dublin’s Grand Canal, police turn to the notorious Canal Killer for help. But the jailed murderer will only talk to the woman he was dating where reference is perpetrated his crimes.

This Night’s Foul Work by Fred Vargas ( carried by Sian Reynolds )
Commissaire Adamsberg investigates whether there is a connection between the escape of a brutal 75 -year-old nurse from prison, and the finding of two men with their throats cut on the outskirts of Paris.

Elizabeth
Elizabeth Mackintosh, who wrote mystery romances as Josephine Tey, photographed in 1934. Photograph: Sasha/ Getty Images

Elly Griffiths

R in the Month by Nancy Spain
Sadly out of publish, this is an atmospheric floor set in a down-at-heel hotel in a postwar shore township. The interval item is perfect and jokes and assassinations bristle. This is the fourth volume featuring the superb Miriam Birdseye, actress and instead slapdash sleuth.

The Daughter of Time by Josephine Tey
A seize crime novel in which the detective never gets out of bed and the assassination happened over 500 years ago. Griffith says:” I read this book as a child and was hooked- on Tey, crime story and Richard the Third .”

The Detective’s Daughter by Lesley Thomson
Cleaner Stella Darnell locates herself tidying up her detective father’s final, unfinished occurrence, after he dies. It is the first in a series featuring Stella and her crony Jack, an underground train operator who can sense murder.

A Place of Execution by Val McDermid
Griffiths says:” I could have chosen any of Val’s novels, but this book, about a columnist revisiting a shocking 1960 s murder, is probably my favourite because of its wonderful appreciation of time and target. It’s also pitch perfect about journalism, police investigation and life in a small community .”

He Said, She Said by Erin Kelly
An account of a crime visitation at which nothing is quite as it seems. Griffiths says:” The narration centres around a lunar eclipse, which likewise acts wonderfully as a metaphor and persona .”

Dreda Say Mitchell

Sharp Objects by Gillian Flynn
The Gone Girl author’s debut follows reporter Camille’s investigation into the abduction and slaughter of two daughters in her Missouri residence town.

Dangerous Lady by Martina Cole
Cole’s first novel learns 17 -year-old Maura Ryan taking on the men of London’s gangland.

The Mermaids Singing by Val McDermid
Clinical psychologist Dr Tony Hill is asked to profile a serial murderer when four soldiers are acquired disfigured and tortured.

Indemnity Only by Sara Paretsky
A client tells VI Warshawski he is a prominent banker looking for his son’s missing girlfriend. But VI soon detects he’s lying, and that the real banker’s son is dead.

The St Cyr series by CS Harris
Mitchell has nominated the whole of this historical riddle successions about Sebastian St Cyr, Viscount Devlin- master of disguises, heir to an earldom, and disillusioned horde detective. It’s a bit of a defraud but we’ll let her have it.

Tana
Tana French, whose Broken Harbour follows the work of the Dublin murder squad. Photograph: Yvette Monahan/ The Guardian

Erin Kelly

No Night Is Too Long by Barbara Vine
Tim Cornish thinks he has gotten away with killing his lover in Alaska. But then the letters start to arrive …

Broken Harbour by Tana French
The fourth in French’s sublime Dublin Murder Squad series, this takes plaza in a phantom owned outside Dublin, where a parent and his two children have been found dead, with the mother on her method to intensive care.

Chosen by Lesley Glaister
When Dodie’s mother hangs herself, she has to leave her baby at home and go to bring her brother Jake back from the mysterious Soul Life Centre in New York.

A Savage Hunger by Claire McGowan
Forensic psychologist Paula Maguire analyse the fade-out of a girl, and a holy relic, from a remote religious sanctuary in the fictional Irish town of Ballyterrin.

The Cry by Helen Fitzgerald
Parents Joanna and Alistair start to turn against each other after their babe goes missing from a remote roadside in Australia.

Sarah Hilary

The Hours Before Dawn by Celia Fremlin
A sleep-deprived young mom tries to stay sane while her anxieties originate about the family’s new lodger, in this 1950 s lost classic.

Cruel Acts by Jane Casey
Leo Stone, sentenced to life in prison for the murder of two women, is now free and claims he is innocent. DS Maeve Kerrigan and DI Josh Derwen want to put him back in prison, but Maeve begins doubting his regret- until other women disappears.

Sex Crimes by Jenefer Shute
A lawyer’s New Year’s Eve pick-up spirals into an sexual infatuation which leads to graphic cruelty.

Skin Deep by Liz Nugent
Nugent, whom Ian Rankin has compared to Patricia Highsmith, tells the story of a woman who has been transferring herself off as an English socialite on the Riviera for 25 years- until the arrival of someone who knows her from her former life spurs an play of violence.

Cuckoo by Julia Crouch
Rose’s home and family start to fall apart when her best friend Polly comes to stay.

Margaret
Margaret Atwood, who wrote about Canadian murderer Grace Marks in Alias Grace. Photograph: Murdo MacLeod/ The Guardian

Louise Candlish

The Murder of Roger Ackroyd by Agatha Christie
Christie’s classic- with a famous twist. The best Hercule Poirot?

The Two Faces of January by Patricia Highsmith
A conman on the run with his wife assembles a young American who becomes drawn into the crime they commit.

Alias Grace by Margaret Atwood
The writer of The Handmaid’s Tale imagines the life of the real 19 th-century Canadian assassin Grace Marks.

Little Face by Sophie Hannah
Hannah’s thriller entry is about a young father who becomes convinced that, after spending two hours away from her newborn, the infant is not hers.

Alys, Always by Harriet Lane
Newspaper subeditor Frances is drawn into the lives of the Kyte family when she discovers the last words of the victim of a auto clang, Alys Kyte.

Why can’t a woman be proudly single- and still openly want to find love?

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Women are rarely permitted to express romantic craves. But you can be strong and independent and still miss a caring relationship

Although Love Island officially pointed on 23 February, it was pretty much game over 10 daytimes earlier, when Netflix propelled the enormously superior car clang of a reality TV show, Love Is Blind. Over three weeks, we watch participants date, profess their love and get participated, but with one catch- they have never set eyes on each other. The toxic TV spawn of Dating in the Dark, The Circle and Married at First Sight, it is equal duties enchanting and excruciating, oscillating between the two at breakneck speed.

Love Is Blind is fascinating for several grounds, but what specially charms is how in love rivals are with the idea of being in love. They are basically fastened on to a affection conveyor belt with the sole goal of coming out of it married. Watching them be so candid becomes me think about how rare it is to see ladies comfortably say that they require such relationships in such plain terms, without apologetic- even in less extreme circumstances.

Recently, there has been the rise of a much-needed single positivity movement: last year, Emma Watson announced herself proudly “self-partnered”; Lizzo, meanwhile, announced today that she introduces the” sing in single” in her hitting song Truth Hurts. Onscreen, happily ever after is being rewritten for an entire generation where tale grades low-spirited on a list of priorities- presents such as Crazy Ex Girlfriend and Fleabag concluded with the female protagonists get it alone. In the upcoming live-action remake of Mulan, Disney has axed the love interest, Li Shang.

This can only be a good thing: dames have been defined by their relationships- or shortfall of- since the sunup of age. But an earnest, unabashed want to find” the one” is increasingly characterised as cringeworthy. A friend of mine recently disclosed that while she was sick of the idea that union was something wives should are striving to, she was also sick of being told she shouldn’t waste her period wanting for a partner because she has a great job and Valentine’s Day is only a capitalist victimize. Her want of a relationship almost felt flustering- she began to feel as if she was neglecting by not being comply with solely” dating herself “. It is increasingly unfashionable to wear your soul on your sleeve.

“Single” is fine, but becomes a dirty word when” and looking” is affixed. Women are rarely permitted to express romantic miss. Smart females are supposed to consider themselves above them- it is deemed at best desperate, at worst unfeminist. As Ru Paul has said many a time:” If you can’t love yourself, how the hell are you going to ardour someone else ?” But self-love and romantic adoration aren’t inevitably mutually exclusive- and women who are open about their romantic ideals shouldn’t need to be coy.

Norway and the -Aha moment that attained electric cars the answer

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A country fuelled by hydropower has become the worlds electrical vehicle leader

In 1995, the lead singer of the 1980 s party -Aha and the head of the Norwegian environmental group Bellona climbed improbably into a converted electric Fiat Panda they had imported from Switzerland and set off on a superhighway trip.

They drove around Oslo refusing to pay the city’s sky-high superhighway tolls, parking illegally wherever they are unable to, and neglecting every penalty notice they were given. Eventually, the authorities concerned confiscated their automobile and auctioned it off to cover the fines.

But the stunt captivated massive media attention, and the point was drew. Soon after, electric vehicles were exempted from road fees, one of a large raft of motivations that have, over the years, facilitated realize Norway the country with the world’s highest per capita electric vehicle ownership.

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Last month, in an economy hit by the coronavirus crisis, amply electric cars to be taken into consideration simply under 60% of Norway’s new vehicle grocery, and plug-in hybrids merely over 15%- entail three in four of all new vehicles sold were either wholly or partially electric.

It still has some practice to go, but “the two countries ” seems on course to meet a government target- set in 2016, with full cross-party parliamentary support- of phasing out the sale of all new fossil-fuel based vehicles and light-headed commercial vehicles by 2025.

” It’s actually pretty amazing how quickly the mindset’s changed ,” said Christina Bu of the Norwegian EV Electric Vehicle Association.” Even in 2013 or 2014, parties were sceptical. Now, majority decisions of Norwegians will say: my next auto will be electric .”

The story of how and why that has happened has a straightforward, if unexpected reasoning. First, despite has become a major oil and gas producer, almost all of Norway’s domestic power comes from a single, and renewable, source: hydropower.

That entails swapping to EVs is a much greener option for Norway than for countries whose power is generated principally by coal floras- and that if it wants to significantly reduce its release ranks, it has little choice but to green its transport sector.

Driven by the environmental imperative, the government began offering incentives to buy and move electric cars as far back as 1990, first by introducing a temporary exception from Norway’s exorbitant vehicle purchase tax, which became permanent six years later.

” This was an important step ,” Bu said.” Norway was a very poor country before we detected oil; gondolas were a indulgence piece. They’ve always been tariffed very highly. Cars in Norway are a lot more expensive than abroad. Without the acquire imposition, the cost of an electric car basically fell to that of an everyday gondola .”

Since then, electric car drivers have been given the right to park free of charge in some municipal car park, drive in bus paths, take ferryings without air tickets and, thanks to -Aha, drive toll-free. They are not required to pay VAT on their cars, or road tariff, and busines electric cars are taxed at a lower pace than petrol or diesel vehicles.

Some measures have changed over the years: to be allowed to drive in a bus corridor, for example, you now need to be carrying air passengers. A so-called 50% principle was introduced in 2017, granting local authorities to charge EV operators up to 50% of the parking fees, road tolls and ferrying proportions be applied to fossil-fuel vehicles.

But overall, said Bu, the” compounding of a big one-off saving when you buy the car, plus the substantially lower costs- fuel, fees, parking, maintenance- of actually driving it, still contributes up to a very powerful fiscal dispute. Over its lifetime, you really save a great deal of money with an electric car in Norway .”

That was certainly what persuaded Wenche Charlotte Egelund, 57, who purchased a VW Golf Electric with her collaborator two years ago when they moved out of central Oslo.” The motivations were crucial ,” she said.” The imposition and VAT exemptions, free municipal parking, free toll roads that means that we are avoid paying rush-hour traffic jams .”

EV
EV accuse stations at Kongens Gate near Akershus Festning in Oslo. Photograph: Bloomberg via Getty Images

In fact, Egelund said, the incentives were so significant that she virtually” felt the decision was imposed on me. Financially, it was like there was no other sensible option. I do wonder whether it really is as light-green as we are told. Is a gondola moving on clean diesel actually worse than the environmental impact of producing an EV battery ?”

Rachel Ritman, 56, a postwoman living on the outskirts of Fredrikstad, bought her Opel Ampera two years ago and said she has not repented her select, even though they are she was ” not sure we would have gone electrical without the incentives “. The car’s stray was good, she said: 250 miles( 400 km) in summer, 200 miles( 320 km) in wintertime and because she bills at home she does not suffer from ” lade-angst”, or the fear of running out of juice.

Both Ritman and Egelund have a second, diesel-powered car for extra-long journeys, to country huts or holidays. Sten Brathen, 55, a media consultant, bought his Nissan Leaf as a second car” for taking the children around and driving to work. But there were so many advantages that “when hes” get a brand-new central gondola last year we didn’t think twice about exiting electric .”

Government motivations is of crucial importance in the decision to buy, Brathen said:” I think we would have managed without the other motivations- free toll roads and parking- but the actual cost of buying was so much lower than ordinary automobiles here in Norway .” He alerted, though, that Norway was going to need more accusing stations.

Despite the incentives, EV marketings in Norway remained low until about 2010, when a number of smaller, more cheap electric cars from producers such as Mitsubishi and Nissan came to market, and improved technology necessitated larger electric cars began to offer both the room and range to move them a sensible option for families.

Bu said the incentives were so significant that” many people say they’ve purchase the most expensive car they’ve ever had when they purchase electric- Teslas, Jaguars, that kind of model- simply because they’ve calculated what kind of saving they’re going to be compel over the coming years, and feel better stimulates appreciation “.

That has led to accusations that Norway’s encouragement of electric vehicles amounts to little more than tax gashes for the rich, or a cut-price second auto. Numerous Norwegians on lower incomes can only dream of owning an electric car, and three out of four vehicle buys are on the secondhand market.

Bu- whose organisation represents shoppers rather than creators- scorned this, arguing that” we have to change the cars we drive, and the only way to do that is to change the brand-new cars. We can’t reform used ones “. EVs will soon make up 10% of Norway’s fare fleet, she said, and are slowly coming on to the used market.

She said she was confident for the future of electrical vehicles, even in countries without a big renewable capability sector, and studies show that EVs running on influence generated from fossil fuel are responsible for roughly the same level of overall CO 2 emissions as petrol cars.

” As a society, we clearly have to do two things ,” she said.” Produce more renewables and produces- like vehicles- that can run on it ,” she said.” We have to do both, as swiftly as possible. We can’t has been dragging on until we’re grow 100% renewable energy .”

Electric cars are” never going to be truly environmentally friendly”, Bu said.” The primary trouble is constituting the artilleries. We need clean battery farmers in Europe. But search, we need transport. We need gondolas and vans, especially outside our municipalities. And for us, electric provides answers .”

This fib is a part of Covering Climate Now’s week of coverage focused on Climate Solutions, to recognize the 50 th anniversary of Earth Day. The Guardian is the lead partner in Covering Climate Now, a world journalism collaboration committed to strengthening coverage of the climate tale .

Eniko Parrish Gets Candid About Kevin Hart’s Cheating Scandal& Why She Took Him Back: ‘I Believe In Second Chances’ – Perez Hilton

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Eniko Parrish is running the tea about that time Kevin Hart majorly f ** ked up by cheating on her with another woman!

The mother-of-one broke down in tears while recounting the

In the series’ third episode, named What Happened in Vegas , Parrish clarified she found out about the headline-making video thanks to an anonymous DM on social media, sharing 😛 TAGEND

“How I found out was a DM. I don’t know who it was. They moved me an edited video of Kevin and, you know, another woman.”

The timing couldn’t have been worse, either, as the 35 -year-old model was eight months pregnant with the couple’s son Kenzo when she received the news.

She remembered 😛 TAGEND

“I was pregnant at that time, I was about seven or eight months pregnant. I was having breakfast, I opened my phone and immediately I just lost it. I announced him, I’m crying, I’m like pissed. Right then there are still, I remained saying,’ How the f ** k did you let that happen? ’”

She went on to recall saying to her hubby 😛 TAGEND

“You publicly humiliated me. Your whole everything’s on Instagram, everything’s on social media. It was an ongoing engaged all the time. Every day. I preserved questioning him, like,’ If this is what you’re gonna do, I don’t want to be a part of that.’”

As heartbroken as she was at the time, nonetheless, Eniko said she’s “happy” everything happened, clarifying 😛 TAGEND

“I’m happy that it kind of happened. I get sensitive each time I talking about here. He’s f ** ked up, this was a bad one, this was major. Nine years and I envisage looking forward, it’ll be better.”

We can only hope!

As for Hart, he said in the escapade that “the toughest thing” about the ordeal was “just telling my wife, ” musing 😛 TAGEND

“That conversation, there is no easy space to have that exchange. The worst persona was just knowing how you made somebody feel. There’s a major consequence it could have on the people that you are closest to, who you love the most. When I got to see that first-hand with Eniko when I got to see the effects my reckless action had … It was crushing, that tore me up. That actually snap me up.”

Yeah, it must have been so dreadful for you, Kev.

He continued 😛 TAGEND

“That’s probably the lowest moment of “peoples lives” because I know what I was responsible for. When it happened it came at such a f ** k up period. We were in the middle of the tour … and home wasn’t home. Home was cold. In that instant, you gotta have something to lean on, something to help you stand up straight.”

Luckily for Hart, Parrish chose to stay in the relationship, explaining that she “kept worrying about” their then-unborn son.

She excused 😛 TAGEND

“I have to maintain a degree head, I think that’s the only thing that really got me through. I wasn’t ready at the time to just give up on my family. I wanted Kenzo to be able to know his papa and grow up, so it was a lot.”

Wiping away weeps, she continued 😛 TAGEND

“It was a lot for me, but we’ve been through it, we’ve gone through it, we delivered it and he’s a better man now because of it … I think it is second chances.”

But that doesn’t mean she’ll hinder forgiving over and over again 😛 TAGEND

“I’m all about forgiveness, and you only get two times. Three strikes you’re out, you’re out of here. So, as long as he reacts, we’re good.”

Fingers bridged!

Do U see Eniko was wise to give her unfaithful hubby a second chance ??

[ Image via Netflix/ WENN ]

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