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Craving cannabis: is marijuana addictive?

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The persistent belief that marijuana is psychologically but not physically addictive is a myth, experts say

As marijuanas leads mainstream, there is a persistent belief that it’s not addictive. That is in part because addictive behaviour emerges more gradually than with elements such as opioids– and cannabis withdrawal isn’t the living hell of going off those drugs.

But the truth of the matter is clear:” There is no debate that marijuana is both physiologically and psychologically addictive ,” says Aaron Weiner, a psychologist and the director of addiction works at Linden Oaks Behavioral Health, a clinic in Illinois. Cannabis withdrawal, according to a 2004 study he quotes, can lead to irritability, anxiety, negative mood, loss of appetite and impaired social functioning. Withdrawal symptoms tend to be more severe in heavier consumers, and have also been observed in non-human primates.

Drugs differ depending on their effects, but the evidences of addiction are relatively consistent. Cannabis use can begin as a social act and then” it becomes the behavior you relax and cope with your problems ,” Weiner said. For difficulty useds, it becomes more central to their lives and takes priority over searching fulfillment in job and relationships.

WeedAddiction

In almost all cases, the possible consequences of marijuana addiction aren’t viscerally awful like an opioid overdose or a tobacco-related illness. And compared with alcohol, by most reports, marijuanas use is less likely to precede a life shattering event like a vehicle gate-crash or physical violence.

Excessive cannabis use is often described in gentler words, such as” psychologically but not physically addictive” or” practice organizing “. But the drawbacks are real. They’re considered most severe for users under 25, since their mentalities are still developing. Studies has been demonstrated heavy teenage cannabis use can depress school recital and even lifetime earnings. It’s also during this period of life that the drug has been connected most closely to psychopathic episodes.

To the marijuana industry’s credit, legalization in US positions does not appear to have led to a jump in youth cannabis use. It has however led to significant increases in adult use, a trend all but certain to continue, as more commonwealths legalize the pharmaceutical and it becomes more socially acceptable.

Still, cannabis is the second most common addiction Weiner considers, after alcohol. He estimates one in 10 adult cannabis users will become problem customers. But compared with alcohol, the effects of undue adult cannabis use are less understood, specially since the cannabis produces available today are far stronger than a few decades ago.

What’s clear is that a lot more parties will waste a lot more of their epoch stoned.” We don’t need more stoned people ,” Weiner said.” When you’re stoned you’re not at your best and anything that growths that behavior is not good .”

That’s the perspective of a public health professional. By the same logic, alcohol shouldn’t be commercially available either, but it is in much of the nations of the world. In one practice or the other ratings of countries have weighed the drawbacks of legal alcohol and decided allowing it is better than the alternative. But no one hitherto knows the drawbacks of commercially available cannabis.

To Weiner the rogue is the for-profit marijuana industry. Legalization has gained widespread support in the US thanks to a two-pronged PR strategy of promoting cannabis as a “medicine” and wellness concoction, even when the evidence of its benefits is anecdotal or non-existent, and trying to demolish the stigma of cannabis as a drug for losers.” Their goal is not public health, their purpose is craving ,” Weiner says.” When I speak out against this topic it’s against my financial interest- which I can’t say for the people on the other side .”

As with any landmark new concoction- smartphones, automobiles, fossil fuel- the marijuana manufacture has the inherent advantage: once their downsides become apparent, it’s impossible to live without them.

How America’s ‘most reckless’ billionaire caused the fracking thunder

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The long speak: The wild fable of Americas energy revolution, and the cowboy who made and lost billions on shale

Between 2006 and 2015, the vitality world was turned upside-down by an epic developed as the oil industry few had foreseen. From the low-toned time, in 2006, when it imported 60% of its oil, the US became an oil powerhouse- eclipsing both Saudi Arabia and Russia- and following the adjournment of 2015, was the world’s largest producer of natural gas.

This remarkable transformation was come about by American entrepreneurs who figured out how to literally thrust open stones often more than a mile below “the earths surface”, to produce gas, and then oil. Those boulders- announced shale, generator rock or close-fisted rock, and once believe to be impermeable- were opened by combining two technologies: horizontal drilling, in which the drill bit can travel more than two miles horizontally, and hydraulic fracturing, in which fluid is spouted into the earth at a high enough pressure to crack open hydrocarbon-bearing boulders, while a so-called proppant, generally sand, props the rocks open a sliver of an inch so the hydrocarbons can flow. A fracking entrepreneur likens the process to creating hallways in an office building that has none- and then calling a volley drill.

In November 2017, US production topped the 10 m barrel-a-day record set in 1970, back in the last gasp of the famed lubricant thunder. This year, it is expected to reach almost 11 m barrels per day, according to the US Energy Information Administration. The Marcellus Shale, which pulls through northern Appalachia, could be the second-largest natural gas field in the nations of the world, according to geologists at Penn State. Shale gas now accounts for more than half of total US production, according to the EIA, up from almost nothing a decade ago.

The apparent new period of American vitality abundance has already had a profound impact around the world. Economies that were dependent on the high price of oil, from Russia to Saudi Arabia, have begun to struggle. The situation would have been impossible in the pre-2 014 world of $100 -a-barrel oil, and is playing out in strange and erratic ways.

Since the 1970 s, US chairmen from Gerald Ford to both Bushes emphasised the importance of” intensity independence”, although the country had in fact become more and more dependent, particularly on the Middle East. Under the Trump administration, the longstanding dream of America’s energy independence has taken a grander, more muscular turn. Secretary of the interior Ryan Zinke talks about opening more federal grounds, including national park, to drilling in order to ensure” energy dominance “.

” We’ve got underneath us more lubricant than anybody, and nobody known to until five years ago ,” Trump told the press aboard Air Force One in the summer of 2017.” And I want to use it. And I don’t want that taken away by the Paris accord. I don’t want them to say all of that property that the United District has under its feet, but that China doesn’t have and that other countries don’t have, we can’t employ .”

But the shale success narrative nearly became a disaster. While to date, most of the complaints about fracking have focused on environmental concerns, there’s a bigger and far less well known reason to doubt the most breathless predictions about America’s future as an oil and gas giant. The fracking of lubricant, including with regard to, remains on a financial foundation that is far less secure than most people realise.

Because so few fracking fellowships actually make money, the most vital ingredient in fracking isn’t compounds, but capital, with corporations relying on Wall Street’s willingness to fund them. If it weren’t for historically low-spirited interest rates, it’s not clear there would even have been a fracking boom at all.


‘You can make an argument that the Federal Reserve is entirely responsible for the fracking boom ,” one private-equity titan “ve been told”. That look is resembled by Amir Azar, a fellow at Columbia University’s Center on Global Energy Policy.” The real catalyst of the shale revolution was the 2008 financial crisis and the age of unprecedentedly low-pitched interest rates it heralded in ,” he wrote in a recent report. Another investor put it this method:” If companies were forced to live within the cash flow they produce, US oil would not be a factor in the rest of the world, and would have grown at a part to half the rate that it has .”

Worries about the financial fragility of the fracking revolution have simmered for some time. John Hempton, who runs the Australia-based hedge fund Bronte Capital, echoes having debates with his partner as the boom was just getting travelling.” The oil and gas are real ,” his partner would say. “Yes,” Hempton would respond,” but the economics don’t work .”

Thus far, the fracking industry has been more resilient than anyone would have dreamed. But questions about the sustainability of the thunder are no longer limited to a small set of skeptics. Those mistrusts now extend to the boardrooms of some big investors, as well as to the executive suites of at least a few of the fracking firms themselves. The fracking boom has been fuelled largely by overheated investment capital , not by cash flow.

If the story of the fracking boom has a central character, it’s Aubrey McClendon, the founder of Chesapeake Energy, a startup that turn into a colossus. For a brief moment in biography, he most represented US fracking to the world. No one was more right and more incorrect , no one bolder in his prophecies or most spectacular in his outages , no one more willing to risk other people’s coin and his own, than McClendon; or, as one banker who knew McClendon well applied it:” The world-wide moves when people who like danger take action .”

” He was the good face of the industry- the passion, the imagination, the boldnes ,” another former investment banker told me.” But he was also the bad face .” And that duality constructs him a perfect epitome of the US fracking revolution.

Fracking
Fracking financier Aubrey McClendon, who was killed in a car accident in 2016. Photograph: Layne Murdoch/ NBAE/ Getty Images

McClendon’s death, like his gift, was hotly raced. On 2 March 2016, just after 9am, McClendon slammed his Chevrolet Tahoe SUV into a concrete viaduct under a bridge on Midwest Boulevard in Oklahoma City, and died instantly. He was rapidity, wasn’t wearing a seatbelt, and didn’t appear to make any effort to avoid the collision. Just one day earlier, a federal grandiose jury had indicted him for contravening antitrust constitutions during his time as the CEO of Chesapeake Energy. Investigators eventually ruled his death an accident, but rumours of suicide persist to this day. As Capt Paco Balderrama of the Oklahoma City police told the press:” We may never know 100% whatever happens .”

In the drop of 2008, Forbes had graded McClendon No 134 on its list of the 400 richest Americans, with an estimated net worth of more than$ 3bn. But because he borrowed so much money and secured business lends with personal guarantees, lawyers were still disputing over the remaining his property two years after his death, trying to figure out which obligations would be paid- from the $500,000 he owed the Boy Scouts of America to the $ 465 m he owed a group of Wall Street creditors, including Goldman Sachs. Wall Street’s vultures- the hedge fund that invest in distressed indebtednes- had tumbled, buying the debt for less than 50 cents on the dollar, virtually making a judgment that the claims wouldn’t be paid in full. If McClendon did die burst, it wouldn’t have been out of character. During his years as an oil and gas tycoon, he fed on gamble, and was as fearless as he was reckless. He improved an empire that at one point made more gas than any American company except ExxonMobil. Once, when an investor requested on a conference call,” When is enough ?”, McClendon refuted bluntly:” I can’t get enough .”

Many think that without McClendon’s salesmanship and his astonishing ability to woo investors, the world would be a far different region today. Narrations abounded about how, at industry consultations, managers from petroleum majors like Exxon would find themselves is talking about largely empty tushes, while people literally fought for space in the chamber where McClendon was regarding forth.” In retrospect, it was kind of like Camelot ,” said Henry Hood, Chesapeake’s former general counsel, “whos working” at the company, initially as a consultant, from 1993 until the spring of 2013.” There was a period of time that will never be repeated, with a company that will never be repeated .”

” America’s Most Reckless Billionaire ,” Forbes once announced McClendon, and for many in the industry, that headline defined the three men. But if it was a con, he was conning himself, too. Because he accepted. He was, in many ways, the embodiment of a transformation that has changed the face of not just the oil and gas industries, but of geopolitics as well.


In the darkest periods of the collapse of oil prices in the mid-1 980 s, McClendon, as ever undeterred, saw job opportunities in gather parcels of drilling rights- for gas , not lubricant- either to be sold to bigger companies or to be drilled. In the mere existence of that possibility, America is almost unique, because it is one of the few countries where private citizens, rather than governments, own the mineral rights under their dimensions. In guild to drill, you just have to persuade someone to give you a lease. McClendon became what’s known in the oil and gas business as a” territory boy”- those individuals who negotiates the leases that allow for drilling. That, it turned out, would clear him the perfect party for the new world of fracking, which is not so much about locating the single gusher as it is about assembling the rights to drill multiple reservoirs.” Landmen were always the stepchild of service industries ,” he later told Rolling Stone.” Geologists and operators were the important guys- but it dawned on me fairly early that all their fancy feelings aren’t worth much needed if we don’t have a lease. If you’ve got the lease and I don’t, you win .”

In 1983, when McClendon was just 24 years old, he went into partnership with another Oklahoman identified Tom Ward,” make slews for scraps of ground in Oklahoma, faxing each other in the middle of the night ,” Ward said to Rolling Stone. Six years later, the two structured Chesapeake Energy, which was reputation after the beloved inlet where McClendon’s kinfolk vacationed. They seeded it with a $50,000 investment.

Neither Ward nor McClendon were technological colonists. That separation, most people concur, goes to a humankind referred George Mitchell, who outlined on investigate done by the government to experiment on the Barnett Shale, an area of tight stone in the Fort Worth basin of North Texas. Using a combination of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing, Mitchell’s team cracked the code for going gas out of stone that was thought to be impermeable.

” As oxygen is to life, capital is to the oil and gas business ,” said Andrew Wilmot, a Dallas-based unitings and buys adviser to the oil and gas industry at Purposed Ventures.” This industry needs uppercase to fire on all cylinders, and the founder and parent of invoke capital for shale in the US is Aubrey McClendon .”

” To is the possibility of borrow money for 10 years and ride out boom-and-bust rounds was almost as important an revelation as horizontal drilling ,” McClendon, with typical immodesty, said to Rolling Stone.

A
A fracking locate in Texas in 2017. Photograph: Bloomberg via Getty

On 12 February 1993- a day McClendon would later describe as the best of his occupation- he and Ward took Chesapeake public. They did so despite the facts of the case that their accounting conglomerate, Arthur Andersen, had questioned a “going concern” alarm, entailing its bean-counters worried that Chesapeake might go out of business. So McClendon and Ward simply switched accounting conglomerates.” Tom and I were 33 -year-old landmen at the time, and most people didn’t think we had a clue what we were doing, and probably in hindsight they were at least partially right ,” McClendon told an interviewer in 2006.

In the decade before 2004, Chesapeake spent around$ 6bn acquiring belongings, companies and rentals. McClendon, who are capable of later call these years the “the great North American land grab”, developed a reputation among his peers for overpaying. His aggressiveness didn’t endear him to the old-time oil gentlemen.” Everyone in Midland detested Chesapeake ,” one said.” They came out here when territory was leasing for $200 – $300 an acre. All of a sudden, Chesapeake was $2,000 – $3,000. They get in some good places because they shut everyone else out. Their attitude was:’ We are Chesapeake, get out of our practice .'”

“[ McClendon’s] vigorous style ruffled some feathers in service industries ,” Andrew Wilmot said.” He led handguns blazing, and drove up the prices. That made some people millionaires, but it wreaked desolation on others .”

McClendon went on a corporate spending rampage that would have put today’s Silicon Valley chieftains to dishonor.” Asking me what to do with extra cash is like asking a frat boy what to do with the brew ,” McClendon told Natural Gas Intelligence in 2005. Nor was he frugal when it came to his personal life. He acquired multimillion-dollar mansions and useds in Oklahoma, Bermuda, Maui, Vail, on Lake Michigan, and even in Minnesota. He had one of the best wine collects in the world.

To Wall Street investors, McClendon was delivering on what they wanted most: consistency and growth. His pitch was that fracking had changed the production of gas from a hit-or-miss proposition to one that operated with an on and off switch. It was constructing , not wildcatting. He became a flag-waver for natural gas- “Mr Gas”, as Fortune magazine once called him.

” Aubrey was the first one to say,’ Let’s establish require ,'” Chesapeake’s Henry Hood said.


Back in 2003, when McClendon was just getting started, the consensus belief had been that the US was running out of natural gas. It became a fixation for Alan Greenspan, the once-revered chair of the Federal Reserve, who cautioned Congress during a rare appearance that the scarcity and rising cost of gas could hurt the American economy. Greenspan recommended that the US build terminals to accept bringings of liquefied natural gas from other countries.” We check a commotion brewing on the horizon ,” said Billy Tauzin, a Republican representative from Louisiana and the then-chairman of the Energy and Commerce Committee. Such frights eventually helped push through the Energy Policy Act of 2005, which relieved natural gas drillers from having to disclose the chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing, thus averting costly regulatory oversight.

As fracking took off, McClendon began telling anyone who would listen that the US had enough natural gas to last-place more than 100 years. He quietly financed a campaign announced ” Coal is Filthy”, and he are of the view that proselytizing 10% of US vehicles to run on natural gas in the next 10 years would be the fastest, cheapest road to free “the two countries ” from dependency on foreign petroleum. He was adamant that employees should drive cars fuelled by tightened natural gas. For a being engulf in the industry’s history of thunder and failure, McClendon had by now persuaded himself that natural gas rates would never descend. In August 2008, he predicted that prices would stay in the$ 8-$ 9 series for the foreseeable future.” He had a extremely, very strong point of view about gas ,” said one banker who knew him since the early 1990 s.” By the space, he was basically wrong for the last 30 times .”

McClendon’s optimistic view on rates became the conventional wisdom in vigor groceries. In 2007, the supposedly smartest investors in the world- among other issues Goldman Sachs and the merger titan KKR- organized their massive $45 bn buyout of a practicality called TXU in a way that was essentially a bet that natural gas tolls, then around$ 7, were set to rise significantly.

At the same time, Vladimir Putin was shaping same wagers. In an attempt to set up a cartel for gas, the Russian premier hosted a group of gas-producing countries, including Algeria, Iran, and Venezuela, in Moscow. The US was not among them.” Costs of exploration, gas yield and transport are going up ,” Putin said.” It signifies the industry’s development overheads will skyrocket. The age of cheap energy resources, inexpensive gas, is surely drawing to a close .”

When the starting go rough, McClendon had always survived by borrowing yet more money to acquire more properties.” Simply employed, low prices cure low prices as consumers are motivated to consume more and farmers are compelled to produce less ,” he wrote in Chesapeake’s 1998 annual report. But he had forgotten the flipside of that industry commonplace. Time and again, in commodity sells, high prices foster more creators to produce, generate a surplus, that then humiliates costs- and farmers.” He was right that shale modified the nations of the world ,” said one longtime gas person.” He should have listened to himself .”


The price of natural gas began to plunge in 2012, and in 2014, the price of oil followed suit. Falling prices soon exposed the feeble underbelly of US shale- its high costs and ravenous need for capital. Once-booming US production made the skids. The so-called rig count- the number of rigs drilling for oil and gas at a given point in time- fell off 1,920 riggings in late 2014 to a low-pitched of 480 in early 2016.” We think it likely that to find a lower level of work would require going back to the 1860 s, the early part of the Pennsylvania oil boom ,” Paul Hornsell, is chairman of commodities research for Standard Chartered bank, wrote in a research note. By mid-2 016, US oil production had decreased during 1m barrels a day.

One after another, debt-laden companionships began to declare bankruptcy, with some 200 of them eventually proceeding bust. In each of these reports released in the fall of 2016, credit rating agency Moody’s called the corporate casualties “catastrophic”. ” When all the data is in, including 2016 bankruptcies, it may very well turn out that this oil and gas industry crisis has created a segment-wide bust of historic balances ,” said David Keisman, a Moody’s senior vice-president.

Some of the number of those bought assets from McClendon and others in the heyday likewise began to write down the value of what they had bought. Statoil, the Norwegian energy giant, wrote down the added advantage of its shale and Canadian petroleum sand resources by$ 4bn; Royal Dutch Shell reported a write-down of more than$ 8bn. Most prominent was Australia’s BHP Billiton, which had expended$ 5bn endowing with Chesapeake in the Fayetteville shale and ploughed another $15 bn into the purchase of Houston-based Petrohawk. BHP made all the assets on the block in the fall of 2014, but ascertained no purchasers, and eventually wrote off more than$ 7bn- which begat the phrase” pulling a BHP “.

As one investor set it:” All of their purchases of shale assets done by the majors and by international corporations have been calamities. The wildcatters made a lot of fund, but the companies haven’t .”

As shale corporations lashed their budgets, fracking gear was idled- study house IHS Markit reported in 2016 that closely connected to 60% of the fracking gear in the US was inactive. Shale companies and oilfield service companies laid off workers. All told, the global oil and gas industry molted almost half a million jobs during the bust, according to consulting firm Graves& Co.

The shale boom town unexpectedly resembled their California counterparts after the gold rush. In the Cline shale east of Midland in Texas, Devon Energy abridged its rig pleasure and let its rentals expire, quoting” a lot of variability” in the formation. In the town of Sweetwater,” ambitions are fading fast as the plummeting price of oil campaigns investors to back out, cutting off the projects that were supposed to pay for a shining new future ,” wrote the Associated Press in early 2015.” Now the town of 11,000 awaits layoffs and budget gashes and defers its dreams .”

By nearly all chronicles, the shale boom used to go bust. In early 2016 , non-investment grade energy bails- the shale industry’s rocket fuel- relented 25%, five times what they had a year and a half earlier, expressing a wildly heightened height of threat.” This has the makings of a massive funding crisis” for vigor companies, William Snyder, the head of Deloitte’s US restructuring unit, told the Wall Street Journal in early 2016. That spring, the Kansas City Federal Reserve concluded that” current prices are too low for much long-term financial viability of shale oil production “.

Surveying the carnage in the spring of 2016, then ExxonMobil CEO Rex Tillerson told a assembly of analysts that due to the huge amount of obligation most fellowships in the industry had accumulated, he couldn’t even find anything importance buying.

When Aubrey McClendon been killed in his vehicle, colliding with a concrete wall supporting an overpass at 90 mph, “its difficult to” not to see his death as the punctuation marking the end of an age. As the Australian hedge fund director John Hempton expected:” Is Chesapeake the modeling for this business? It alters the nations of the world, but it ends in tears ?”

This is an edited extract from Saudi America by Bethany McLean, which will be published by Columbia Global Reports on 12 September. To buy it for PS9. 99, going to see guardianbookshop.com or see 0330 333 6846

* Follow the Long Read on Twitter at @gdnlongread, or sign up to the long read weekly email here.

Former ‘Bachelor’ Chris Soules Addresses Why He Left The Scene Of That Fatal Car Crash – Perez Hilton

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Chris Soules continues to address tough questions about his April 2017 arrest.

As you’ll recall, the former Bachelor virtuoso was

Soules described the panic which took over instants after the clang has come to GMA ‘ s Michael Strahan . He said 😛 TAGEND

” Alls I remember is waking up and are saying,’ I need improve .’ That’s all I knew is something bad had happened and I needed assistance .”

It wasn’t long before Strahan asked the big question: why did Chris flee the background?

The reality TV personality detailed a series of occasions which included announcing 9-1-1, administering CPR on Mosher, and waiting for paramedics to arrive before ultimately deciding to leave. While note he had” nothing to hide ,” Soules continued 😛 TAGEND

” I don’t known better I was thinking clearly. I notified the authorities of what had happened, the paramedics is everything, but now I know I was scared and wanted to be in a safer target. I exactly went home. When I left I called my parents. You know, they’re both in consensus[ and] just said,’ Call an attorney.'”

The Bachelorette alum was later arrested on a felony cost for fleeing the stage of a deadly collision. A years later in 2018, Chris entered a guilty request to one count of leaving the scene of a personal injury incident — which is an exasperated misdemeanor.

Additionally, in August, he agreed to a two-year probation sentence for its membership in the wreck.

Soules too allayed charges he had been drinking before the accidents and offered an explanation for the partially expended receptacles of booze which police is available in the vehicle 😛 TAGEND

” The detail is the truck is not quarry. It’s not even in my appoint. We apply over 15 beings and those cans could have been anybodys. There were four onlookers that swore under oath that they assured no evidence of me appearing to be intoxicated or under the influence of any sort of drug or booze .”

He mentioned 😛 TAGEND

” The knowledge is I was never charged with causing the accident. I was charged with leaving the scene of a serious injury accident. A soldier did die and that was a tragedy. My sentence is living with this for the rest of my life. The convict is replaying that minute standing there on the pavement and strolling up to a serviceman that wasn’t breathing … knowing I was involved in that — that’s the convict that I’ve been given .”

The former ABC leading acknowledged he still grips with unhappines for his part in the tragedy 😛 TAGEND

” I wishing I could have saved their own lives. I please I wouldn’t have been on that road. I can only hope you know I did everything I could .”

WATCH their sit-down conversation( below ):

Earlier this month, the Iowa native told People he’s eager to move on with his life after the agony and hopefully forge a relationship with Mosher’s lineage. He acknowledged 😛 TAGEND

” I’ll living a life in[ what happened] forever … But I will carry on, and as a result of the misfortune, do something bigger and better with “peoples lives” .”

Thoughts on all this, Perezcious readers? Let us know in the comments( below ).

[ Image via Good Morning America/ ABC News/ YouTube ]

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‘ We’re never going to bed ‘: brats rewrite the house rules

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Sweets for breakfast, pillow opposes on requisition, and no straighten up … what happened when three houses make the children call the shots for a week?

‘The house has the airless discombobulation of a student house in the 90 s, the day after a big night out on ecstasy ‘: Decca Aitkenhead

Three hours in, I feel weightless, nearly giddy. I’m lying on the sofa with my boys, devouring chocolate, watching telly, and it is no exaggeration to say that I am having the time of my life. For the first time in eight and a half years, I am not in charge. This exotic awarenes of relaxation is absolutely unfamiliar- and hitherto stimulates a distant remembrance of who I used to be.

The kids-in-charge experiment began at 1pm, and I can’t believe how well it’s going. In truth I’d been dreading it, braced for bloodbath, but even further it has been nothing but fun. At 1.01 pm the boys had raced to the bakery and invested PS10 on cakes, before charging on up the road for lunch in McDonald’s. I’m very much enjoying the absence of washing-up, and curious to see what they will eat next.

Jake proposes a trip to the corner shop for funds. I swim along the pavement beside him, laughing at his jokes; his mood is unrecognisably effervescent, fizzing with witticism, and I tell him he’s on break figure. He halts and turns to me, his saying unexpectedly earnest.

” But don’t you determine? This is the real me. Your rules construct me disappear ,” and he decreases, impression his shoulders and describing his wrists together as if cuffed.” But our rules have unleashed the real me ,” and he skips off into the shop.

Jake and Joe’s rules

Decca isn’t allowed to say no
No baths
Hourly food fight
Unlimited screens
No bedtime
Decca has to play Laser Tag when we want
Unlimited sweeteneds and crisps and chocolates and fizzy drinks
Decca “re going to have to” disco dance when we want
Email Donald Trump every 10 hours to revile him
We were able to get competitions on Decca’s phone
Allowed to swear
Unlimited irrigate fights
Worst table manners
No vegetables
Allowed to jump on Decca’s bed, to play on a Wii and to urinate on the bathroom seat Sarfraz Manzoor with his wife Bridget and daughter Laila. Photograph: David Vintiner for the Guardian Watch more Tv

Have Mummy and Daddy both read to me at bedtime

No arguing

Daddy not to be addressed by his telephone at dinnertime

Breakfast of Coco Pops

Dinner of fish fingers, chips and peas

Bedtime when I crave

Daddy singing carols from Matilda at bedtime

No tidying up Clover with her five children( from left) Dash, Jimmy, Evangeline, Lester and Dolly. Photograph: David Vintiner for the Guardian A elevation anywhere, any time Weekly clas competitions night

Themed dinner every night- Mexican, Indian, etc

Constant supply of chocolate cereal

We decide bedtime

Trump concedes posthumous pardon to heavyweight champion Jack Johnson

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Donald Trump has conceded a posthumous pardon to Jack Johnson, boxings firstly pitch-black heavyweight champion

Donald Trump has granted a uncommon posthumous pardon to boxing’s first pitch-black heavyweight champ more than 100 years after what Trump said numerous feel was a racially motivated injustice.

” It’s my reputation to do it. It’s about time ,” Trump said during an Oval Office ceremony, where he was joined by former heavyweight champion Lennox Lewis, current WBC heavyweight title-holder Deontay Wilder and performer Sylvester Stallone, who has drawn awareness to Johnson’s cause.

Johnson, who captivated the designation in 1908 and defended it with a famed 1910 win over former endorse James J Jeffries in a contest dubbed the Fight of the Century, was regarded as a master of defense and ring generalship.

In 1913, Johnson was imprisoned by an all-white jury of violating the Mann Act for hauling a woman across district courses for” dishonest roles” in a emphatically shaky case.

Duly imprisoned, Johnson said:” They crucified Christ, why not me ?” He then skipped bail and went to Europe. In 1920, he returned to the US and helped nearly a year in jail.

Known as the Galveston Giant, Johnson is a legendary figure in boxing, who bridged over into popular culture decades ago with biographies, dramas and documentaries following the civil rights era.

Johnson died in a automobile accident in North Carolina in 1946, at persons under the age of 68. He has been largely celebrated since, inducing a seminal jazz boulder book by Miles Davis and notebooks and cinemas including a 2004 documentary by Ken Burns, Unforgivable Blackness: the Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson.

His great-great niece had been pressing for a posthumous pardon.

Senator John McCain and former Senate majority leader Harry Reid had also pushed Johnson’s case for years.

” Johnson’s imprisonment forced him into the shadows of bigotry and prejudice, and continues to stand as a stain on our national honor ,” McCain has said.

Posthumous acquittals are rare, but not unprecedented. President clinton reprieved Henry O Flipper, the first African-American officer to lead the Buffalo Soldiers of the 10 th Cavalry Regiment during the Civil War, and Bush reprieved Charles Winters, an American volunteer in the Arab-Israeli War convicted of breach the US Neutrality Acts in 1949.

Linda E Haywood, the great-great niece, craved Barack Obama, the nation’s first black president, to pardon Johnson, but Justice Department policy says” treating posthumous forgivenes applications is floored in the faith that the time of the officials involved in the mercy process is better spent on the reprieve and commutation requests of living persons “.

The Justice Department forms decisions on potential pardons through an application process and frequently makes recommendations to the president. The general DOJ policy is to not accept applications for posthumous pardons for federal convictions, according to the department’s website. But Trump has shown a willingness to work around the DOJ process in the past.

Taxpayers are money the Trump White House’s misinformation campaign

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( CNN) A version of such articles first appeared in the “Reliable Sources” newsletter. You can sign up for free right here .

— Multiple tweets from the president that tried( and miscarried) to justify his incorrect claims that Alabama was, as of Sunday, in danger of being being “hit” by Hurricane Dorian.

— A misleading statement from Trump’s homeland security adviser that attempted to justify Trump’s falsehoods

Sebastian Thrun:’ The costs of the air taxi system could be less than an Uber’

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The Google X founder on hover taxis, the healthcare uses for AI and why we havent seen the last of Google Glass

Sebastian Thrun isn’t your ordinary Silicon Valley computer geek -cum -Stanford prof. The 51 -year-old artificial knowledge and robotics scientist is incumbent upon co-developing Google Street View , pioneering self-driving cars, founding Google X the internet giant’s secretive research lab- and revolutioni sing education by kickstarting massive open online trends ( M oocs ). His most recent project is developing flying cars. You propelled your running car corporation, Kitty Hawk , in 2015 backed by Google co-founder Larry Page and you have two projects in development- a personal aircraft announced Flyer and an autonomous air taxi called Cora . Why do the work requires flying automobiles?
The ground is getting more and more congested- we are all stuck in traffic all the time. Bringing transportation into the air will form things faster, safer and more economically and environmentally friendly. Just imagine proceed at 80 miles an hour in a straight line at any time of day without ever having to stop. If you’re in Jersey City in the morning and wish to go to Times Square, Manhattan, that is likely to take you more than an hour in traffic. With an electric flying vehicle you have been able do it in less than two minutes on perhaps 10 pennies of energy costs. It would be transformational to almost every person I know.

So these new technologies is there?
I believe so. Cora and Flyer are both examples that have shown that it is possible to take beings in the air for about 20 minutes at a time with the straddle of perhap 50 or so miles[ Cora is being tested on New Zealand’s South Island ]. That is sufficient in my opinion for most of our daily excursions to and from work, academy, the supermarket and so on. It’s a matter now of finishing up and creating them to market. I think in the next three to five years we’ll view a lot of change.

the
Kitty Hawk’s Cora aircraft in flight.
What about refuge. Would you put one of your family members in one of these flight cars ?
I’ve wing it, the two partners has flown it and my son who is 10 has not yet flown it but he wants to. Obviously safety is our No 1 concern and we’ve been working closely with regulators. At this extent, Flyer is only controlled 10 ft above a irrigate surface to make sure that, in the absolute worst case, a person can take a water landing. But as information and communication technologies matures, it ought to be safer than even existing small-scale aircraft. That’s because the propulsion plan uses many different independent machines and propellers: if you lose one it’s not a big deal.

Sky jammed with personal aircraft will probably irk a lot of parties. And isn’t it a recipe for chaos?
I would concur that societal following is perhaps the biggest unknown for us. We are very sensitive to factors such as noise. People worry about air congestion, and so do I, but in the air, unlike on the floor, vehicles can fly at different altitudes. You can always fly a bit higher or a bit lower to avoid congestion. Nonetheless, there is an important challenge to build an air management system that can accommodate maybe tens of thousands of vehicles at a time.

Won’t these things simply end up being simply for the rich?
Part of our dream at Kitty Hawk is to build a taxi system which could democratise this technology from day one so everybody gets to use it. We believe that the costs of the air taxi system would be even less than the cost of an Uber or a
Lyft.

You won a 2005 grandiose challenge from the Pentagon’s investigate busines, Darpa , to create a driverless vehicle. That produced “youve got to” felt Google’s self-driving car team , now a company called Waymo . What’s your assessment of how the field is progressing?
I am an impatient party by nature. I would enjoy self-driving cars to take over the world right now. If you take a ride specifically in a Waymo car today, the technology is basically ready. The regulators have been amazingly cooperative in espouse this new vision. The real challenge ought to have customers adopt it. We are in the very early phase with that.

In March this year the status of women pushing a bicycle across the road was affect and killed by a self-driving Uber vehicle in Phoenix, Arizona , generating Uber to suspend testing in the city. How much of a setback has the demise been for autonomous vehicles, generally? Is it inescapable that beings will die as this new technology grown-ups?
The Waymo team has now successfully driven over 5m miles. In all those miles, a software hitch stimulated exactly one minor collision. Almost all traffic accidents are the result of lack of attention and distraction. The Waymo car never texts, it never sleeps, it is never drunk, it never fails to pay attention and it even seems in all directions all the time. As a ensue, it ought to be that we can eventually cut the number of traffic fatalities by a factor of 10 or more, and even possibly down to zero.

You’re a lament cyclist. How obsessed are you about the implications of autonomous vehicles on cycling? Are the systems sophisticated enough to monitor and respond to erratic action?
When I loped the Google crew we very actively worked on predicting the behaviour of and interacting with bicyclists, small children, deer and other seemingly unpredictable elements of real commerce. A self-driving car has gigantic accuracy. It pictures even the smallest amount of flow. As a cyclist who has been exposed to danger many times by trucks guiding at less than an inch clearance, I can’t wait for cycling among self-driving cars because it will be safer than it has ever been.

You’ve worked on applying AI to healthcare. What will it do for us?
We found that a well-trained neural network combined with a smartphone is as accurate as very best human experts at spotting surface cancer. That makes it possible to take their knowledge and skills of the best doctors and placed it into the sides of everybody. It’s still early. But I have this dream that if we just rethought diagnostics as something that happens every day for every person at home we might be able to diagnose all sorts of maladies that are life-threatening before it is too late.

In 2011, you co-founded the online technology education house, Udacity , to offer M oocs after the success of a Stanford AI course you flowed online. Later you left Google to focus on it. Initially there was exuberance with M oocs then disillusionment, with the New York Times declaring in 2013 that Udacity was a flop. Where do things stand today?
I don’t think Udacity has been a flop at all. It is just that it takes probably a decade or more to get to the point where we can really move the needle on educating a large number of people. Since 2011, we have really learned how to stir the medium successful. We have known that students love parish and one-on-one mentorship. Back in the working day, our finishing charges were typically 3-5 %. Today, our finishing rates have been as high-pitched as 60 -7 0% in some of our nanodegree curricula[ which accusation participates a cost of generally about $1,000 ]. Globally around 10 million people have registered and in any thrown month “weve had” approximately 50,000 students signed off for a nanodegree. We would be profitable but we reinvest our costs back into innovation. And people are being hired out of these courses. We are the biggest supplier of talent in hot topics like self-driving cars and deep teach. We teach more students self-driving car engineering than all the universities in the world combined.

Is there a sci-fi book or movie you’ve raided for projects?
To get plans I simply look at what bothers me. Why am I stuck in traffic every day? Why did my sister die of breast cancer if it can easily be diagnosed? All these problems have solutions. There’s a lot of opportunity for innovation in so many aspects of everyday life.

sebastian
Sebastian Thrun wearing Google Glass at the TechCrunch conference in San Francisco, 2013. Photograph: David Paul Morris/ Bloomberg via Getty Images

You are one of the experts interviewed in the documentary Do You Trust This Computer ? which has just been released in the US and cautions about the potential dangers of neural networks. What scares you?
My biggest fright is that people rush to premature opinion. New technologies have always been scary. A hundred years ago beings dreaded high-voltage electricity in their homes. Today we have become dependent on it. What we need is an open and broad-spectrum conference on how to best leverage this new technology. I believe this is taking place today.

When it is important to forming the nations of the world a better place, is Silicon Valley delivering?
Yes. Not everything is perfect, but consider the value added to society through the onset of smartphones, social networks, and free online education through Udacity. Udacity educates numerous hundreds of thousands of students in the world. It manufactures high-quality education accessible everywhere. And self-driving cars might at some detail save more than a million lives every year. These are large-scale things.

From patrolling to access to finance, AI is being increasingly used to make decisions that can change people’s lives. Radicals like the American Civil Autonomy Union say there is a danger that the gender issues and ethnic biases we have already will get knitted in. How do we do better?
We should pay attention to this and understand whether the machines we learn are inappropriately biased or lead to bad decisions. I am a big fan of people and machines working together in decision making, with people having the eventual authority to induce life-changing decisions. I am much less a fan of leaving such decisions to machines , no matter how good AI has become.

Google Glass emerged out of Google X but was then discontinued in 2015. Where did it go wrong? Are you sad that Google’s face computer didn’t get off the floor?
We launched Google Glass too early- before “were having” figured out the exact use case and built a functioning user interface. While I’m sad that Google Glass wasn’t a smashing success in its first statu, I am rosy about what’s happening today. Google Glass is alive again, this time more focused on workplace use. Doctors are using it in patient care and it’s even being used in agriculture. I am confident it will come back.

You were working on a project to revolutionise home cooking. How is that moving?
This was just a hobby and it’s cancelled. We invented a technique in which you could make a freshly cooked perfect dinner in less than three and a half minutes. We filed a few patents, we feed a lot of food. But at the same time, running Udacity and Kitty Hawk was enough of a workload for me. As an entrepreneur you play with a thousand hypothesis, you develop a hundred, you like 10 and then you finally do one.

What’s your holy grail of inventions?
I would love to immediately interface my mentality to all the computers in the world, so I could be truly superhuman. I would know everything- every refer, every telephone number, every information- and I would be born speaking every language and with the full gumption of my parents and forebears.

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Tesla driver says auto was in autopilot when it crashed at 60 mph

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Driver of Model S, which failed to stop at a red light and crashed with a firetruck in Utah, told examiners she was using the semi-autonomous system

The driver of a Tesla gondola that failed to stop at a red light and crashed with a firetruck told examiners that the vehicle was operating on “autopilot” mode when it crashed, police said.

A Tesla Model S was traveling at 60 mph where reference is crashed with the emergency vehicle in South Jordan, Utah, on Friday, justification minor injuries to both motorists, officials said Monday. The Tesla driver’s claim that the car was using the autopilot engineering has raised fresh a matter of the electric car company’s semi-autonomous system, which is supposed to assist drivers in steering the road.

The precise case of the clang, which left the driver with a transgressed ankle, remains unknown, with Tesla saying it did not yet have the car’s data and could not comment on whether autopilot was engaged. South Jordan police also said the 28 -year-old driver” admitted that she was looking at her telephone prior to the collision” and that bystanders said the car did not brake or take any action to avoid the crash.

” As a reminder for operators of semi-autonomous vehicles, it is the driver’s responsibility to stay alert, drive safely, and be in control of the vehicle at all times ,” the police district said in a statement.

The
The scene of the disintegrate in Utah. Photograph: Courtesy of the South Jordan police department

While driverless technology is expected to realise the roads greatly safer by reducing human error and gate-crashes, business like Tesla are currently in a transition period that some experts say has created unique gambles. That’s because semi-autonomous facets, investigate has been demonstrated, can lull moves into a inaccurate sense of security and make it hard for them to remain alert and occur as needed.

Tesla has faced backlash for his determination to firebrand these new technologies” autopilot“, in recognition of the fact that the operators are expected not to depend on the feature to keep them safe.

After a Tesla autopilot crash in March resulted in the driver’s death, the company issued a series of lengthy statements accusing the main victims for” not paying attention “.

On Monday, Tesla’s CEO Elon Musk complained about an article on the Utah crash, writing on Twitter:” It’s super messed up that a Tesla crash ensuing in a busted ankle is front sheet bulletin and the~ 40,000 people who died in US auto accidents alone in past year get almost no coverage .”

He also wrote that it was ” actually astounding” the collision at 60 mph merely been instrumental in a ruin ankle:” An wallop at that accelerate usually ensues in severe injury or death .”

Musk has on numerous occasions powerfully chastised journalists investigating Tesla crashes, arguing that the unflattering news coverage was dissuading parties from using the technology and thus” killing people” in the process. After Tesla recently labeled an award-winning news outlet an” radical society”, some reviewers compared the company’s hyperbolic denouncements of the press to the anti-media strategy of Donald Trump.

Booze, insolvency, psyche hemorrhage: the comics turning misfortune into giggles

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A former alcoholic, a cancer survivor and a gentleman who lost all his coin in a Bitcoin crash are among the comics coming back from the edge at the Edinburgh fringe

‘ I didn’t start sucking until I was 18 ,” says Matt Rees.” That’s quite a scarcity for someone in the UK. But straight away, I recognised that I liked it- and I knew that one day I’d has got to stop .”

Rees, who was born in Maesteg, south Wales, is obligating his debut at this year’s Edinburgh fringe with Happy Hour, a look back at his battle with alcohol. He started performing in 2010 and rapidly scooped up some new behave gives. Then, two years ago, his humor profession stalled as he knew problems with addiction.

Being a standup, Rees ” is away” with his boozing for longer than most.” It’s quite normal to go up on stage after a few cases beers, and it’s fine to be hungover the next day. Someone with a normal job would’ve been fired. But I was just getting on with it .” In 2016, after a visit to his GP, the damage became clear.” There’s an enzyme called GGT that demonstrated how hard your liver’s working. It should be under 50 in a healthy adult. At that detail, mine was over 1,700. My doctor said,’ You’re going to kill yourself if you don’t stop boozing .'”

Happy Hour does Rees part of a new wave of slapstick at the fringe, as standups share narratives of coming back from the edge. Last-place year’s Comedy Award was shared: Hannah Gadsby prevailed for her enthusiastic diatribe against homophobia and sexual violence, and John Robins for his raw accounting of his reaction to a breakup. This time, to call just a few cases, Dave Maher describes enduring a coma, Louise Reay explores free speech after being sued by her ex-husband, Jim Tavare relives his near-fatal car crash, and Lou Sanders attacks addiction.

Which draws us back to Rees who, on Good Friday last year, stopped drinking wholly.” I was physically dependent by that moment ,” he says.” The patronizes weren’t open and I wasn’t so much praying a beverage as physically needing one. My simply alternative was to go to hospital for Valium. I went to my first see on Easter Monday and it’s been abstinence from then on .”

On Easter Sunday- two days after checking himself into hospital- Rees went on stage and talked about his addiction, and the material has now been bolstered into an hour-long show. Although standup, which predominantly existing within inns and societies, is a boozy environment, the 28 -year-old says the purposes of the slapstick community has been a huge help with his convalescence.

” “Theres a lot” of humorists who are ex-drinkers, so I had no shortage of beings to resound when it was getting too much. You could argue that it’s a risky environment, but when I did my first gig two days after infirmary, it helped- it “ve given me” a increase. I like comedy fraternities. If I’m giving up liquor, I’m not giving up humor as well .”

Prepare Yourself For The Royal Wedding! The Top Fashion Picks To Watch Prince Harry& Meghan Markle Say ‘I Do’ In!

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Your alarm has been prepared, the invites substantiated, and now the Royal Wedding is finally virtually here!

If you’re one of the many who will be watching at home though, it doesn’t mean you can’t still gaze glamorous for the deeming! After all, Prince Harry and Meghan Markle will only be getting married once!

So dust off your fascinators and get ready to show off your Markle Sparkle with all the cutest pattern collects( below )!

CLICK HERE to view “The Top Fashion Picks To Watch Harry& Meghan Say ‘I Do’ In! “

CLICK HERE to view “The Top Fashion Picks To Watch Harry& Meghan Say ‘I Do’ In! “

CLICK HERE to view “The Top Fashion Picks To Watch Harry& Meghan Say ‘I Do’ In! “

CLICK HERE to deem “The Top Fashion Picks To Watch Harry& Meghan Say ‘I Do’ In! “

CLICK HERE to view “The Top Fashion Picks To Watch Harry& Meghan Say ‘I Do’ In! “

[ Image via John Rainford/ WENN .]