PTSD can be caused by a range of knows, from a gondola disintegrate to rape to surviving a terrorist attack. But how do you know if you have it and what can you do?

What is PTSD?

Post-traumatic stress disorder( PTSD) is an anxiety agitation that can develop after to get involved in, or witnessing, distressing contests. A wide range of ordeals can cause it, from being in a auto gate-crash, a distressing childbirth, losing someone close to you in unnerving circumstances, being abused or assaulted, to subsisting a terrorist attack or being in a conflict. Rachel Boyd, of mental health issues kindnes Mind, says:” If you experience trauma, it’s natural that it has an impact on their own lives .” But not everyone will develop PTSD. Nonetheless, she says, if you are affected for a long period or have intense evidences- such as nervousnes, reliving the occasion or nightmares – you could have PTSD. And it can take times for evidences to emerge.


PTSD can cause shaking flashbacks and recurring nightmares. You may feel “hyperalert”- unable to loosen your protector, sleep or unwind. Or you are able go to odd lengths to evade “ve been thinking about” the damage by eschewing lieu, people or situations that remind you of the affair. PTSD may also cause physical symptoms associated with nervousnes, such as palpitations, diarrhoea and headaches. Alcohol and drug are common props, but trying to blot out the damage can make it harder to deal with.

Risk factors

PTSD is not a sign of weakness; anyone can be affected. But if “youve had” known psychological, physical or sexual abuse and forget as a child, you are more vulnerable because vital relationships of trust may not have developed ordinarily. This early detriment may affect all relationships in future. Your personal resilience is a difficult mixture of genetics, temperament, hormones, mental and physical illness, support systems and previous suffers. But even the most resilient person is also possible knocked for six by PTSD.

Recognise your risk and know the signs

Having a good support system and looking after your physical and psychological wellbeing sees appreciation, but may not be within your restrict. Your workplace should offer training, substantiate and management of risks. Trauma Risk Management( TRiM ) is a peer support system developed by the army and commonly used in workplaces where the staff is exposed to a high risk of trauma.

Debriefing can do more damage than good

People with mild symptoms of PTSD may get better within a month without medicine. But if the initial response to the trauma is severe, treatment should start sooner rather than later, otherwise it becomes harder to treat. Everyone who has known trauma please give practical help in an empathic style by health and social care-workers, but offering everyone one-to-one debriefing that focuses on the incident isn’t recommended and may do more impairment than good.


The recommended care depends on the kind of trauma “youve had” suffered and how the evidences of PTSD affect your life, says Boyd. There is no one-size-fits-all approaching, but recommended rehabilitations include trauma-focused cognitive behavioural therapy( CBT ), eye-movement desensitisation and reprocessing medicine, which focuses on helping your brain proceeding with the trauma. Medication can be used alongside other medications. Some beings find exert, mindfulness and art therapies helpful. Your GP should be able to refer you for specialist improve if necessary.

Other approaches

Dialectical behaviour therapy( DBT) is a modified pattern of CBT developed by te US psychologist Marsha Linehan. CBT focuses on helping to change unhelpful thinking and actions, but DBT too focuses on admitting who you are and makes a lot of emphasis on your relationship with the therapist. The aim is psychological self-regulation, which means you can keep your emotional responses tolerable and within your control.

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