New notions necessary new words. So if you want to know where change is happening, got my eye on its own language. Thats what author and artist Jonathon Keats has been doing in WIREDs Jargon Watch column for more than a decade. Each month, like a literary lepidopterist, he takes his butterfly net out to the wild verges of science, culture, technology–anywhere new frontiers are opening–to collect the coolest new lexical specimens.

Now that 2016 is virtually over, weve pulled together Keats’ excellent finds–the 21 most weird and wired words of the year. Well, make it 20 and a half; unhappily, lemmium was officially squelched in November.

bio-albedo
The global-warming effect of a cherry-red algae that blooms in defrosting snowfall. The arising pink hue increases the albedo( reflectivity) of ice caps and glaciers, causing them to suck more of the sunbathe rays and thaw even faster.

bitplain
A road of preserving digital data in perpetuity. By writing every biteach 0 or 1as tiny flecks on metal tape, it eliminates all reliance on obsolescent machines or file formats. A future holocaust survivor would need only a microscope and knowledge of binary code to piece your Instagram feed back together.

bompeln
Stoplights in the sidewalk, introduced in Germany for pedestrians who text while walking. A reduction of boden ( dirt) and ampeln ( traffic light ), bompeln are said to help keep smombies( smartphone zombies) undead.

cannavaping
Administering medical marijuana with an e-cigarette. Its healthier than a joint and offers better dosage authority than a brownie. Its likewise road less fun, requiring more than 80 ten-strikes to get stoned.

dark sunshine
The dark-matter equivalent of sunlight. The project is, if dark molecules in the sun collide, that may create obscurity photons. We wouldnt assure them, but theres a good chance theyd spoil into detectable positrons and electronsconfirmation that dark substance really exists.

galactic warming
Caused by blares from supermassive black hole, who the hell is found in the center of most galaxies, galactic warming makes thoughts so red-hot that gases cant mix to model new wizards. That could be how our own Milky Way ignites out someday.

genetic superheroes
People who remain healthy despite having genetic mutations associated with serious ills. Disclosing the secret to their resilience may suggest new ways of preventing and treating sickness.

holoportation
Virtual teleporting. By mixing 3-D videocams and mixed-reality headsets, the system can film a full-body image of you and your every move to a boardroom( or bedroom) somewhere else.

HTTP 451
A new mistake code indicating a web page is blocked by censoring or a takedown notification. A reference to Ray Bradburys classic romance Fahrenheit 451 , it can be used by places to make a machine-readable political statement.

Jurassic butterflies
Ancient insects that looked and acted like modern butterflies. The weird act is they disappeared extinct, and quality advanced the same various kinds of men all over again 50 million years later. Its like butterflies were just meant to be.

lemmium
A proposed appoint for a new chemical element, reputation the late, legendary Lemmy Kilmister of Motrhead. Fittingly, element 115 is a volatile, superheavy metal. However, the word was short-lived; Russian scientists insisted on the appoint muscovium , which has since agreed by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry( IUPAC ). It assembles an insipid litany at the bottom of the periodic table along with americium, berkelium, californium, europium, francium, livermorium, and tennessine.

megasupramolecules
A ga additive that they are able foreclose detonations in an aircraft or gondola crashsomething researchers have sought for 40 times. These ultralongpolymers break apart to pass through ga pumps and filters but then reassemble. In an effect, the long series continue ga ceases from fragmenting into a combustible mist.

optic thunder
A burst made when electrons move faster than light, akin to the thunder of supersonic jets. Separating the light barricade sounds like sci-fi, but physicists say it can happen in graphene membranes. The finding could provoke developed at optical tours a thousand times faster than microprocessor chip.

pedothems
Mineral strata that model around pebbles over thousands of years. Like tree resounds, they view a recount of climate conditions. From the Greek word for soil ( pedon ), pedothems are a dirt-cheap beginning of priceless data.

sequin
A snippet of synthetic, mirror-image DNA dropped into a genetic test before sequencing. Genetic tests are error-prone, and sequins( short for sequencing spike-ins) provision a standard that labs can use to verify the accuracy of resultsa vital step for personalized medication.

slingshot feeding
Hurling your opening forward to eat something. Its not attractive, but the goblin shark, a flabby denizen of the deep ocean, relies on this ploy to make up for its sorry swimming. Thanks to extra-long mouth ligaments, a 12 -foot adult can film its teeth ahead by more than a foot.

social ascribe
A personal trustworthiness rating mandated by the Chinese government for implementation by 2020. A numerical rating will be allocated to every Chinese citizen based on expend dress, social works, and criminal record, deciding employment and access to housing.

stentrode
An electrode display that can be stole into a cranial blood vessel through a catheter. By transmitting mentality signals, it could allow quadriplegics to operate an exoskeletonor eventually let you change Tv channels with your thoughts.

belly tap
A surgically implanted tube and belly valve that would allow us to spout meat out of your organization after a dinner. The FDA has approved it for weight loss, but not all physicians approve. One pundit calls it mechanized bulimia.

teslaphoresis
A procedure of using a Tesla coil, ray-gun style, to manipulate substance from great distances. By projecting a high-voltage electrical province, researchers have induced carbon nanotubes to self-assemble into tiny circuits.

Textalyzer
A device that they are able to tell cops test your telephone to see if you were texting before a gondola accident. The ACLU is skeptical, but the only private information it gatherings is whether or not you two are willfully imperiling lives.


Jonathan Keats ( @jonathonkeats) writes the monthly Jargon Watch column in WIRED magazine. He is the author of five notebooks, including Virtual Paroles: Usage on the Edge of Science and Technology .

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