There was a time when high-status people signaled their value with an ostentatious key fob for the purposes of an expensive automobile. Today the keyring of an important person–or at the least a manic one–might be distinguished by a less obvious marker: a pair of inconspicuous plastic dongles that keep an inbox full of secrets worth keeping.

In October Google announced a feature called Advanced Protection, a insurance adjusting designed to offer its strongest care yet against any hackers who would try to break into your Google account and access your email, reports, calendar, and every other slouse of sensitive knowledge you entrust to Google’s servers. It’s possibly the most secure authentication implemented by any tech conglomerate for any online software, and, short of hosting everything on your own network and a crew of security interests operators to patrol it, Advanced Protection is the best alternative out there.

But it’s certainly not the easiest. Unlike some other security settings Google presents, Advanced Protection can’t be turned on with a merely move of a switching. The security-to-convenience ratio is almost certainly higher than you’re are applied to. But if you need to keep your secrets actually secret–and doubt someone might be after them–it’s your best mainstream bet. Here’s how it works in practice.

The Setup Takes Work…

To turn on Advanced Protection, you two are is a requirement to own two minuscule devices that you’ll have to keep with you at all times–or at least any time you want to log into your Google account from a new device. You’ll connect those so-called universal two-factor( U2F) protection clues to your computer or smartphone to prove your identity after enrolling your password.

Advanced Protection necessary one USB-based key for desktop computers and one Bluetooth key fob for smartphones or other devices without a USB port. Together they represent the fundamental insurance proposition of Advanced Protection: that nobody can log into your account without one of those two physical machines in their possession.

Google recommends you buy keys from a company called Feitian, like this $17 USB example and this $24.99 Bluetooth form. But Google Advanced Protection will work with any U2F keys from any make, as long as it’s approved by the FIDO Alliance, an online authentication standards group.

After you’ve got your hands on those hardware tokens, click on My Account in any Google service from your desktop computer, then Sign-In and Security, then Advanced Protection. Google will tread you through a series of teaches that first ask you to enter your password, then register each physical key.

Advanced Protection expects sacrifices.

To do so, you’ll insert the USB key, then plug the Bluetooth token into the USB port with a line. Formerly you’ve set up the second key and enabled Advanced Protection, you’ll be automatically logged out of your Google services on every computer other than the one you’re currently applying. To log back in to any of those machines–your smartphone, first of all–you’ll need to connect those clues, either by setting the USB token or pairing the Bluetooth token and pressing its button.

On an iPhone, that Bluetooth connection asks setting Google’s password manager, Smart Lock, which then manages the phone’s wireless authentication with the key. Android designs have Smart Lock built in. In WIRED’s tests, the iOS radio handshake “couldve been” finicky and inaccurate. In one case, it required more than a dozen tries before it successfully connected and unlocked a Gmail account from mobile. Luckily, you exclusively have to show to any device you own once; from there, you can choose to designate it as yours and skip the two-step log-in process going forward.

…But It Gets the Job Done

Advanced Protection demands sacrifices beyond merely setup impediments. It only works with Chrome. It doesn’t allow non-Google apps to access Google accounts, so you won’t be able to use plug-ins that access your Gmail meanings or export your Gmail to another client. And perhaps most intimidating: If you lose both your hardware tokens and is a requirement to log in again, you’re in tribulation. Advanced Protection requires a much more rigorous chronicle retrieval process than normal histories do–starting with a 3-5 era “cooling off” period that locks you out of your account.

But those draconian sets serve a purpose. They obligate phishing much harder, and would even have prevented the various kinds of sophisticated phishing scheme that used a Google Doc to trick users into installing a malicious third-party application last May. And stimulating it hard and slow to recuperate your account by pleading for help from Google’s help desk simply intends hackers will have a hard, slow occasion struggling an end-run around Advanced Protection.

Even so, it’s important to remember that you won’t to protect against Google itself seeing your information–or any person who is manages to breach Google’s servers, or sides the company a legal needs to cough up your data. If that annoys you, you’ll still need to use encryption–namely PGP, since newer and easier solutions like Enigmail and Mailvelope aren’t consistent with Advance Protection.

The result of all of those inconveniences, nonetheless, is that anyone trying to break into an report secured by Advanced Protection is going to have a serious mountain to climb–one steeper, we hope, than the discovering swerve you’ll look defining it up and using it yourself.

The Wired Guide to Digital Security

More Tips for Public Chassis: After you’ve signed up for Google Advanced Protection, encrypt everything, take a tour of Tor, and distribute physical measures to increase your digital security.

: After you’ve signed up for Google Advanced Protection, encrypt everything, take a tour of Tor, and distribute physical appraises

Tips for Regular Customers( the Hackers are Still Curving): Master passwords, lock down your smartphone, keep yourself fasten from phishers, know how to deal with getting doxed, and, if “youve had” minors, keep them safe online.

: Master passwords, lock down your smartphone, keep yourself lock from phishers, know how to deal with get doxed, and, if “youve had” boys, keep them safe online

Professionals Are After You. Era to Get Serious: If you think they’re onto you, remove the mic from your designs, find bugs, and( worst case scenario) dive down the paranoia rabbithole.

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