As Elizabeth II celebrates her milestone birthday, we chart their own lives from horse-mad child to UKs longest reigning monarch

1926-1936: the nursery years

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The Duke and Duchess of York with their first daughter, Princess Elizabeth, at her christening in 1926. Picture: PA

When the home secretary, Sir William Joynson-Hicks, is lacerated away from the pressing substance of the looming General Strike to witness birth certificates of Princess Elizabeth in 1926, in a institution now mercifully entrust to biography , no one dreams the newborn girlfriend is likely to be queen. Elizabeth is born third in line to the throne with her debonair uncle David, the Prince of Wales, the heir apparent.

Horse-mad from a very early, Lilibet as she is known has her first travelling assignment aged three, and acquires her first attach a Shetland pony announced Peggy when she is four. The little princess ties dressing gown ropes to her nursery bunk posts as controls to drive her simulated ponies. Some 30 toy horses are fed, watered, groomed and then stabled in a hallway each night.

Such innocent disclosures about Elizabeth and her sister Margaret, born in 1930, are afterward serialised in the US publication Ladies Home Journal, courtesy of royal governess Marion Crawford. Publication leads to the hapless former maid being ostracised by the royal family and the term doing a Crawfie is thereafter used to refer to unwanted exposures by royal staff.

Crawfie eventually produces The Little Princesses, disclosing startling pieces such as that when roused Lilibet was speedy with her left hook while Margaret was more of a close-in fighter, known to bite on occasions. The former governess likewise records how Lilibet once tipped a full ink bowl over her own thought while borne in a French lesson.

1936-1946: abandonment and war

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King George VI and Queen Elizabeth with their daughters after the sovereigns coronation in 1937. Picture: PA Archive/ Press Association Images

Uncle David becomes Edward VIII, but Princess Elizabeths reveries of life as a number of countries partner are smashed when the government balks at the prospect of American Catholic divorcee Wallis Simpson as his select of queen.

With the abandonment crisis of December 1936, and her balk, stammering papa crowned George VI, she becomes heiress presumptive. Merely primogeniture can save her now, and she used read on her knees before bedtime ardently praying for brothers and sisters, according to Countess Strathmore, her maternal grandmother.

During a summertime encounter with 13 -year-old Elizabeth at the Royal Naval College in Dartmouth in 1939, remote cousin and deprived Prince Philip of Greece, 18, affects with his agility by hopping over the college tennis nets several times. I thought he demo off a good deal, Crawfie sniffs later.

Elizabeth spends much of a decade dominated by struggle ensconced at Windsor, shielded from the offensive. In 1945 she joins the Auxiliary Territorial Service to become No 230873 second subaltern Elizabeth Windsor.

On her 18 th birthday Elizabeth is given Susan, her first corgi and the founder of her own canine empire .~ ATAGEND

1946-1956: motherhood and the crown

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The royal family on the balcony at Buckingham Palace after the Queens coronation in 1953. Image: PA

On a tour of South Africa with her parents, 21 -year-old Elizabeth stimulates one of her most well known radio broadcast. In a cut-glass accent she pledges: I declare before you that my whole life, whether it be long or short, shall be devoted to your service and the service of the great imperial commonwealth to which we all belong.

Officially hired on her restore, she and freshly naturalised Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten marry in November 1947. The New York Times declares the nuptials a accepted moment for cheerfulnes in grim England, beset in conciliation with troubles almost as burdensome as those of the crusade. As a postwar bride Elizabeth is eligible for 200 extra apparel coupons. Philips sisters, who have married Germans, are not invited. Neither is the former Edward VIII and his wife, Wallis ,~ ATAGEND both of whom have flirted with Hitler.

Prince Charlesis born in 1948 and sister Anne follows in 1950. Elizabeth enjoys the relatively carefree life of a young naval wife with Philip, who is stationed in Malta. But, while on public officials see to Kenya, she is told of the deaths among her parent. She moves back to Britain and is exclaimed Queen on 8 February 1952. Churchill is “ministers ” ,~ ATAGEND the first of 12 to have served her.

1956-66: politics and stamps

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The Queen with the then “ministers “, Harold Macmillan, in Oxford in November 1960. Photograph: Terry Disney/ Getty Images


The Suez crisis
and Britains precede climbdown culminates in the abandonment of the “ministers “, Anthony Eden, on health fields in 1957. The Queen is placed in a tricky situation involving his heir when she is forced to choose between Wab or Hawold Rab Butler or Harold Macmillan as Lord Salisbury, with his speech obstacle, famously set it in cabinet sounds. After taking advice she questions Macmillan to model a government, to the amaze of Fleet street, which has widely expected Butler.

She is sucked into another ugly Conservative party squabble in 1963, when an ailing Macmillan sneakily convinces her to choose Alec Douglas-Home as successor over Butler, the deputy prime minister. Find is under an obligation to give his advice, she makes, in agreement with the late historian Ben Pimlott, the most difficult political misjudgment of her predominate. The sequence that follows precedes the Reactionary to adopt Labours example and prove a chairman selection process that will not fluster the Queen again. The silver lining, according to aides at the time, is that Lord Home is much more her cup of tea than Butler, and the two can happily chat about pups, filming and Scottish estates.

In 1960 Andrew is born ,~ ATAGEND followed four years later by Edward. John F Kennedyand his wife, Jacqueline, are guests at the palace.

This decade too discovers the failure of the then postmaster general, Tony Benn, to remove the Princess leader from molds, though he does manage to get it contract on some later designs.

1966-76: Aberfan and public scrutiny

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From left, Prince Philip, Andrew, Charles, the Queen, Edward and Anne at Windsor. Image: Reginald Davis/ Shutterstock

Eight days after the Aberfan calamity, which examined 144 beings, including 116 babes, killed by the collapse of a tip of coal waste, the Queen visits the Welsh village. A small-scale girl presents her with a corsage and poster say from the remaining children below the age of Aberfan. The fact it took so long for this royal visit is something the Queen later repents. Aberfan. She got that incorrect and she knows it, Lord Charteris, her former private secretary, formerly replied when asked if she had ever put a paw wrong.

It is a less adoring public now, and Buckingham Palace believe cooperating with the 1969 fly-on-the-wall documentary The Royal Family will enable the monarch to connect more. Footage includes her having a barbecue at Balmoral with the soon-to-be invested Prince of Wales on salad dressing and Philip on sausages.

Philip does little to enhance this image of ordinariness, however, when he makes steal to the US broadcaster NBC that the civil listing funds are so inadequate we may have to move into smaller propositions. Hes already had to sell a small yacht, and may have to give up polo, he adds. A furore ensues to move to a parliamentary committee on the civil inventory, which serves to highlight that the Queen compensates no tariff and no extinction duties.

1976-86: the Thatcher years

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The Queen talks to well-wishers in Greenwich during the silver-tongued jubilee occasions, 1977. Photo: ANL/ Shutterstock

The silver jubilee realises thousands and thousands of crowd on to the Mall in London, street parties and an exceptional period of notoriety despite the Sex Pistols as the Queen revitalizes her 1947 pledge: Although that vow was stirred in my salad days when I was green in judging, I do not regret one word of it. Charless fairytale wedding to Diana Spencer adds to the enthusiasm circumventing the Firm.

The palace is shocked to the core in 1979 when the IRA assassinates Philips uncle Lord Mountbatten, along with a neighbourhood boy, Mountbattens grandson and the dowager Lady Brabourne, by blowing up his angling barge in Sligo, western Ireland.

The same time Anthony Blunt, her former surveyor of visualizes, is unveiled as a Soviet spy.

Two years later Marcus Sarjeant, 17, flamings six blanks at Elizabeth during the trooping the quality ritual. The Queen acquires accolades for her ability in handling her startled organize, Burmese, and Sarjeant is engaged under the Treason Act and sentenced to five years.

Palace security is noticed seriously missing when jobless decorator Michael Fagan had managed to stir his space into the Queens bedroom, where he comes face to face with the monarch.

The election of Britains first female prime minister makes a different dynamic. While the status of women are affectionate to one another, some courtiers carp that Margaret Thatcher behaves more queenly than the queen. There is serious shame all round when the Sunday Times operates a sensational storey headlined Queen disheartened by uncaring Thatcher, which alleges Elizabeth disagrees with many of Thatchers programs.

The story is subsequently showed away as has become a misunderstanding by a reporter of a palace press officers briefing. The opposition leader, Neil Kinnock, refusing to capitalize on political amber, throws it down to loose-lipped courtiers and wide-eared reporters. Nevertheless, Thatchers reluctance to impose sanctions on apartheid South Africa effects questions for a mistres “whos also” head of the commonwealth.

1986-1996: decade of her annus horribilis

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The Queen canvassed the background at Windsor Castle after the ardor in 1992. Photograph: Sean Dempsey/ PA

Three of the Queens four children get divorced, with Charless fairytale matrimony imploding into the campaign of the Waleses. Andrew Mortons shocking journal Diana: Her True Story ga the press. Squidgygate, an intimate entitle between Diana and gin heir James Gilbey, and Camillagate, an excruciatingly personal summon between Charles and his then sweetheart Camilla Parker Bowles, be brought to an end in the tabloids.

Then Windsor Castle burns down. A lonely Queen, in raincoat, molts a rip for her favourite residence. In her 40 th anniversary lecture to clients at Londons Guildhall, she declares: 1992 is not a year I shall look back on with undiluted pleasure. In the words of one of my more likable reporters, it has turned out to be an annus horribilis.

There is uproar when the governmental forces shows paying for Windsor Castles mends. The Queen dissolves up charge on her income, slimming down the civil index and funding the fixings by opening Buckingham Palace to a compensating public.

1996-2006: lament and jubilee

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The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh ride in the Golden State Carriage at the head of a parade celebrating her golden jubilee in June 2002. Photograph: Sion Touhig/ Getty Images

Courtiers are shaken as a baying public condemns the Queen as uncaring for staying at Balmoral, with grandchildren William and Harry, in the immediate consequence of Dianas death in a automobile crash in Paris in 1997. Anger evaporates when she returns to London, lowers the Buckingham Palace pennant and makes an extraordinary TV address.

During her golden bridal revelries, she praises Philip as my forte and stay all these years. Britannia, the imperial yacht, is decommissioned, and uncommon royal rends are shed.

She loses the two women who know her best when her sister, Margaret, croaks on 9 February 2002 and the Queen Mother weeks later on 30 March. Golden jubilee fetes sustain, including a palace papa concert to which she and Philip wear earplugs.

The trial of Dianas former butler Paul Burrell for theft of her belongings collapses spectacularly when the Queen recollects he spoke to her about taking pieces for safe-keeping.A satisfied Burrell exclaims: The Queen started through for me.

A pesky Mirror reporter lands an undercover task as royal footmanand uncovers to the world her love of Tupperware.

After many years of can they, cant they, Charles and Camilla lastly weds in 2005. The Queen, as head of the Church of England, does not were represented at the civil ceremony but speaking at the church blessing, and hurls a big defendant afterwards.

2006-2016: stirring biography

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The Queens speech in 2009. Photo: Getty Images

The Queens 80 th birthday is widely celebrated and the BBC fees Rolf Harris to coat an official portrait. The whereabouts of the picture today is a mystery.

At 81 Elizabeth overtakes Victoria as the UKs oldest monarch. She is acclaimed when she becomes the first British monarch to travel to the Republic of Ireland in 100years, in 2011. The subsequent fiscal year she throws any personal pities over Mountbatten aside when she shakes the hand of former IRA commander and now Northern Irelands deputy firstly executive, Martin McGuinness.

She makes a visit to Bergen-Belsen, her first ever to a former concentration camp.

Her 2012 diamond jubilee is stated a success as she lives being buffeted and soaked on a barge during the course of its Thames river pageant, though Philip intention up being taken to infirmary with a bladder infection.

The Queen amazes the world during the London Olympics by pretending to parachute into the opening ceremony ,~ ATAGEND delivering the immortal path: Good night, Mr Bond.

For monarchists its a job

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