The enlarging gap in teenager mortality between the developed and developing world is down to industrial accidents, violence and sicknes, a brand-new analysis shows

Violence, preventable illness and traffic accidents are to blame for a widening of the teenager fatality chink between the developed and developing world, according to a brand-new Guardian analysis of the most recent World Health Organisation( WHO) data.

The most dangerous country in the world to be a young person( defined as aged between 15 and 29) is Sierra Leone, with one youth in every 150 there estimated to have died in 2015. Its teenager mortality rates per 100,000( 671) is virtually 100 people higher than the next country on the listing, war-torn Syria( 579 ).

Cyprus is the safest of the 184 countries analysed, with a mortality rate of virtually one in every 4,762 youths, while Denmark, the fifth safest, halved its number of young fatalities between 2000 and 2015. The United Kingdom( one in every 3,030 young people) is ranked just outside the top 10 safest countries, behind Israel.

chart – Nine of the 10 more dangerous countries to be a young person are in Africa

The analysis finds that young people in the United States are six meters as likely to be murdered as their British equivalents. They are also more than three times as likely to be killed in a car disintegrate, and twice as likely to commit suicide or overdose on doses. Self-harm is the most common cause of death for young person in the UK.

Liberal drug policies in the Netherlands may be responsible for a proportion of drug-related demises almost exactly ten times lower than in the US.

Globally, the mortality rate for young people declined 21% between 2000 and 2015, with HIV-related deaths in particular falling greatly. Yet the gap between developing and developed countries has enlarged in that interval, from 2.2 up to 2.4 times higher.

The explanation is that, while boy mortality rates are falling fastest in “the worlds” most and less developed countries, the worsen is greatly slower in mid-tier countries such as Brazil and Venezuela, as defined by the Human Development Index.

chart – The US and UK share the same five leading causes of death among young people, though America has the far higher mortality rate

Syria is the only non-African country to feature among the 25 countries experiencing the highest teenager mortality rates. Despite that, considerably more young people croaked as a result of violence in Brazil in 2015 than in Syria.

In Nigeria, the fourth worst-performing country, approximately 235,000 youths are estimated to have died in 2015. In absolute terms, this is only the second highest number of young deaths in the world after India, whose person is seven times greater.

Venezuela
Venezuela has the most important one boy mortality rates from industrial accidents in “the worlds”. Image: Ueslei Marcelino/ Reuters

Road accidents

Road collisions are the most common cause of death of young people throughout the world. The WHO estimates that 350,000 young person died in 2015 as a result of traffic-related hurts. While the problem feigns both developed and developing countries, the data divulges markedly different trends.

For example, while traffic-related death toll of Ecuador increased by 110% from 2000 to 2015, Spain managed to reduce its traffic-related extinctions by 85% in the same period.

In Luxembourg, one of the safest countries in the world, 46% of youth fatality is caused by traffic accident, but the related mortality rates is just under 10 per 100,000 almost half the average world-wide frequency. In Venezuela, traffic injuries generate 29% of young deaths, but they kill 70 out of 100,000 young people each year the highest rates in the world. Besides Venezuela, every other country in the top 20 for traffic-related demises is in Africa.

Violence

The median world mortality rate relevant to personal savagery has decreased by about 14%, from 12 to 10 young deaths per 100,000. But it remains very high in a few Latin American countries such as Brazil, El Salvador, Colombia, Honduras and Venezuela.

In El Salvador in The countries of central america, the rate reached 104 per 100,000 in 2015. Thats almost 10 eras as high as the world-wide norm, and virtually 500 times higher than Japan, one of the countries with the lowest levels of reported violence in the world.

Organised violation, the levels of difference, inadequate law enforcement and the tactical slot of these countries on the international dose sell all contribute to clearing violence a persistent trouble in the region.

chart – Interpersonal brutality and street harm are major troubles in South America

About 33,000 young people are estimated to have died in Brazil in 2015 as a result of countries of the region epidemic of violence. Thats considerably higher than the number of people in this age compas killed during Syria in the same time 24,000.

The youth mortality rate for some of the countries in the region is as high as far less developed countries. In Brazil, it stands at 156 per 100,000, higher than India( 153 ), while in Venezuela the rate( 244) is same to Niger( 248 ).

Self-harm

While the number of deaths from self-harm decreased during the period, the WHO estimates that 220,000 people took their lives in 2015, constructing it the second most frequent cause of death among young people.

Countries as diverse as Sri Lanka, Russia, New Zealand and Argentina have self-harm-related mortality rates over 20 per 100,000 for this age group, while almost half of all young death toll of Iceland in 2015 were due to self-harm.

It is also the most common cause of death for young people in the UK although the country has a relatively low proportion when compared to the rest of the world, at six per 100,000.

Preventable diseases

From 2000 to 2015, death toll of African countries related to pregnancy, tuberculosis, parasitical sickness including malaria and diarrhoea fell by around a third. These extinctions are easily preventable with adequate healthcare and sanitation, and seldom occur in western Europe. However, they are still some of the most common causes of young deaths in many African countries.

In Sierra Leone, 74 out of 100,000 parties succumbed as a result of pregnancy. The world-wide median is less than nine per 100,000. About 1,800 young person died in Somalia due to diarrhoea, a cause of death thats been almost completely eradicated in more than 50 countries.

The number of HIV-related fatalities has halved in ten years, but still takes a heavy fee in countries such as Lesotho, where it kills 218 of every 100,000 young people.

Table – Global youth mortality rates

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