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William discloses mental health issues pushes

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Media captionThe Duke of Cambridge says he felt “pain like no other pain” after the loss of Princess Diana

The Duke of Cambridge has said he felt “pain like no other pain” after the death of his mother, Princess Diana.

Prince William acquired the disclosure in a BBC TV documentary about mental health.

He said the “British stiff upper lip thing” had its place when times were hard-handed, but beings also needed “to relax a little bit and be able to talk about our emotions because we’re not robots”.

William also spoke of how wield as an breath ambulance captain left him feeling that death was “just around the door”.

He said dealing with the loss of his mother – who died in a 1997 vehicle disintegrate – intended he felt he could relate to others who had suffered a bereavement.

He said: “I’ve thought about this a lot, and I’m trying to understand why I keep feeling I do, but I conclude when you are bereaved at a very young age, any time really, but particularly at a young age, I can resonate closely to that, you feel pain like no other pain.

“I felt that with a few enterprises that I did, there were particular personal resonations with their own families that I was dealt with, ” he said.

Royals open mental health text line Players and future emperor discuss mental health issues William recalls being ‘tipped over the edge’ Royals encounter mental health activists FA launches mental health campaign Image caption A young Prince William with his mother Princess Diana in 1987

How America’s ‘most reckless’ billionaire created the fracking thunder

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The long speak: The wild fable of Americas energy revolution, and the cowboy who made and lost billions on shale

Between 2006 and 2015, the power macrocosm was turned upside-down by an epic development in the oil industry few had foreseen. From the low-toned point, in 2006, where reference is imported 60% of world oil, the US became an oil powerhouse- overshadowing both Saudi Arabia and Russia- and by the end of 2015, was the world’s largest make of natural gas.

This remarkable transformation was brought about by American entrepreneurs who figured out how to literally oblige open rock-and-rolls often more than a mile below “the earths surface”, to produce gas, and then oil. Those stones- announced shale, informant rock or tight rock, and once thought to be impermeable- were opened by combining two technologies: horizontal drilling, in which the drill bit can travel more than two miles horizontally, and hydraulic fracturing, in which fluid is spouted into the earth at a high enough pressure to crack open hydrocarbon-bearing boulders, while a so-called proppant, often sand, harbours the boulders open a shred of an inch so the hydrocarbons can flow. A fracking entrepreneur likens the process to creating hallways in an office building that has none- and then calling a burn drill.

In November 2017, US production topped the 10 m barrel-a-day record set in 1970, back in the last gasp of the famous oil thunder. This time, it is expected to reach almost 11 m barrels a day, according to the US Energy Information Administration. The Marcellus Shale, which unfolds through northern Appalachia, could be the second-largest natural gas field in the nations of the world, according to geologists at Penn State. Shale gas now accounts for more than half of total US production, according to the EIA, up from almost nothing a decade ago.

The apparent new epoch of American vitality abundance has already had a profound impact around the world. Economies that were dependent on the high price of oil, from Russia to Saudi Arabia, have begun to struggle. The situation “wouldve been” unbelievable in the pre-2 014 world of $100 -a-barrel oil, and is playing out in strange and unpredictable ways.

Since the 1970 s, US chairwomen from Gerald Ford to both Bushes emphasised the importance given to” vigor sovereignty”, although the country had in fact become more and more dependent, including information on the Countries of the middle east. Under the Trump administration, the longstanding dream of America’s energy independence has taken a grander, more muscular turn. Secretary of the interior Ryan Zinke talks about opening more federal territories, including national parks, to drilling in order to ensure” energy dominance “.

” We’ve got underneath us more lubricant than anybody, and nothing known to until five years ago ,” Trump told the press aboard Air Force One in the summer of 2017.” And I want to use it. And I don’t want that taken away by the Paris accord. I don’t want them to say all of that wealth that the United Government has under its hoof, but that China doesn’t have and that other countries don’t have, we can’t exploit .”

But the shale success narration virtually became a disaster. While to date, most of the complaints about fracking have focused on environmental concerns, there’s a bigger and far less well known reason to doubt the most breathless predictions about America’s future as an oil and gas giant. The fracking of petroleum, in particular, remains on a financial foundation that is far less secure than most people realise.

Because so few fracking companionships actually make money, the most vital ingredient in fracking isn’t compounds, but uppercase, with corporations relying on Wall Street’s willingness to fund them. If it weren’t for historically low interest rates, it’s not clear there would even have been a fracking boom at all.


‘You can make an argument that the Federal Reserve is entirely responsible for the fracking thunder ,” one private-equity titan told me. That opinion is repetition by Amir Azar, a fellow at Columbia University’s Center on Global Energy Policy.” The real catalyst of the shale revolution was the 2008 financial crisis and the period of unprecedentedly low interest rates it led in ,” he made in a recent report. Another investor put it this path:” If companies were forced to live within the cash flow they make, US oil would not be a factor in the rest of the world, and would have grown at a part to half the rate that it has .”

Worries about the financial fragility of the fracking revolution have stewed for some time. John Hempton, who runs the Australia-based hedge fund Bronte Capital, recollects having debates with his partner as the thunder was just getting leading.” The oil and gas are real ,” his partner would say. “Yes,” Hempton would respond,” but the economics don’t work .”

Thus far, the fracking manufacture has been more resilient than anyone would have dreamed. But questions about the sustainability of the boom are no longer limited to a small set of skeptics. Those disbelieves now extend to the boardrooms of some big-hearted investors, as well as to the executive suites of at least a few of the fracking fellowships themselves. The fracking boom has been fuelled principally by overheated investment capital , not by cash flow.

If the story of the fracking thunder has a central character, it’s Aubrey McClendon, the founder of Chesapeake Energy, a startup that raise into a colossus. For a brief moment in history, he most represented US fracking to the world. No one was more right and more incorrect , no one bolder in his prophecies or most spectacular in his lacks , no one more willing to risk other people’s money and his own, than McClendon; or, as one banker who knew McClendon well applied it:” The world-wide moves when people who like threat taken any steps .”

” He was the good face of service industries- the passion, the originality, the adventurou ,” another former investment banker told me.” But he was also the bad face .” And that duality draws him a perfect personification of the US fracking revolution.

Fracking
Fracking tycoon Aubrey McClendon, who was killed in a auto disintegrate in 2016. Photograph: Layne Murdoch/ NBAE/ Getty Images

McClendon’s death, like his legacy, was heatedly struggled. On 2 March 2016, just after 9am, McClendon slammed his Chevrolet Tahoe SUV into a concrete viaduct under a connection on Midwest Boulevard in Oklahoma City, and died instantly. He was rapidity, wasn’t wearing a seatbelt, and didn’t seem to make any effort to avoid the collision. Just one day earlier, a federal grand jury had indicted him for infringing antitrust principles during his time as the CEO of Chesapeake Energy. Investigators eventually regulated his death an accident, but rumours of suicide persist to this day. As Capt Paco Balderrama of the Oklahoma City police told the press:” We may never know 100% what happened .”

In the tumble of 2008, Forbes had graded McClendon No 134 on its list of the 400 richest Americans, with an estimated net worth of more than$ 3bn. But because he borrowed so much money and secured business lends with personal assures, lawyers were still disputing over the remaining his manor two years after his death, trying to figure out which obligations would be paid- from the $500,000 he owed the Boy scout of America to the $ 465 m he owed a group of Wall Street creditors, including Goldman Sachs. Wall Street’s vultures- the hedge fund that invest in distressed debt- had tumbled, buying the debt for less than 50 cents on the dollar, virtually rendering a judgment that the claims wouldn’t be paid in full. If McClendon did die interruption, it wouldn’t have been out of character. During his years as an oil and gas tycoon, he fed on peril, and was as fearless as he was reckless. He constructed an empire that at one point grew more gas than any American corporation except ExxonMobil. Once, when overseas investors asked on a conference call,” When is enough ?”, McClendon reacted bluntly:” I can’t get enough .”

Many think that without McClendon’s salesmanship and his astonishing ability to woo investors, the world would be a far different residence today. Tales bristled about how, at manufacture meetings, executives from petroleum majors like Exxon would find themselves speaking to chiefly empty sits, while parties literally fought for space in the room where McClendon was deeming forth.” In retrospect, it was kind of like Camelot ,” said Henry Hood, Chesapeake’s former general counsel, “whos working” at the company, initially as a consultant, from 1993 until the spring of 2013.” There was a period of time that will never be duplicated, with a company that will never be replicated .”

” America’s Most Reckless Billionaire ,” Forbes once called McClendon, and for numerous in the industry, that headline defined the man. But if it was a con, he was conning himself, very. Because he guessed. He was, in many ways, the personification of a transformation that has changed the face of not just the oil and gas industries, but of geopolitics as well.


In the darkest periods of the collapse of oil prices in the mid-1 980 s, McClendon, as ever undeterred, met good opportunities in gather packets of drilling rights- for gas , not lubricant- either to be sold to bigger companies or to be drilled. In the mere existence of that possibility, America is almost unique, because it is one of the few countries where private citizens, rather than governments, own the mineral rights under their dimensions. In guild to drill, you just have to persuade someone to give you a lease. McClendon became what’s known in the oil and gas business as a” property male”- the person who negotiates the leases that allow for drilling. That, it turned out, would prepare him the perfect person for the new world of fracking, which is not so much about discovering the single gusher as it is about making the rights to drill multiple holes.” Landmen were always the stepchild of the industry ,” he later told Rolling Stone.” Geologists and technologists were its most important guys- but it dawned on me fairly early that all their fancy ideas aren’t worth very much if we don’t have a lease. If you’ve got the lease and I don’t, you prevail .”

In 1983, when McClendon was just 24 years old, he went into partnership with another Oklahoman identified Tom Ward,” make slews for scraps of region in Oklahoma, faxing each other in the middle of the night ,” Ward said to Rolling Stone. Six years later, the two worded Chesapeake Energy, which was appointed after the beloved inlet where McClendon’s clas vacationed. They seeded it with a $50,000 investment.

Neither Ward nor McClendon were technological innovators. That separation, most people agree, is applicable to a mortal referred George Mitchell, who drew on research done by the government to experiment on the Barnett Shale, an area of tight rock in the Fort Worth basin of North Texas. Using a combination of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing, Mitchell’s team cracked the system for going gas out of rock-and-roll that was thought to be impermeable.

” As oxygen is to life, capital is to the oil and gas business ,” said Andrew Wilmot, a Dallas-based consolidations and buys adviser to the oil and gas industry at Purposed Ventures.” This industry needs capital to fire on all cylinders, and the founder and papa of parent capital for shale in the US is Aubrey McClendon .”

” To be able to borrow money for 10 years and ride out boom-and-bust rounds was almost as important an insight as horizontal drilling ,” McClendon, with typical immodesty, said to Rolling Stone.

A
A fracking website in Texas in 2017. Photograph: Bloomberg via Getty

On 12 February 1993- a day McClendon would later describe as the best of his vocation- he and Ward took Chesapeake public. They did so despite the facts of the case that their accounting conglomerate, Arthur Andersen, had problem a “going concern” advise, symbolizing its bean-counters worried that Chesapeake might go out of business. So McClendon and Ward simply switched accounting firms.” Tom and I were 33 -year-old landmen at the time, and most people didn’t think we had a clue what we were doing, and probably in hindsight they were at least partially right ,” McClendon told an interviewer in 2006.

In the decade before 2004, Chesapeake wasted around$ 6bn acquiring belongings, corporations and rentals. McClendon, who are able later call these times the “the great North American land grab”, developed a honour among his peers for overpaying. His aggressiveness didn’t endear him to the old-time oil men.” Everyone in Midland hated Chesapeake ,” one said.” They came out here when ground was leasing for $200 – $300 an acre. All of a sudden, Chesapeake was paying $2,000 – $3,000. They got in some good homes since they were slammed everyone else out. Their attitude was:’ We are Chesapeake, get out of our acces .'”

“[ McClendon’s] vigorous form ruffled some feathers in service industries ,” Andrew Wilmot said.” He departed artilleries firing, and drove up the prices. That made some people millionaires, but it inflicted carnage on others .”

McClendon went on a corporate expend spree that would have put today’s Silicon Valley chieftains to shame.” Asking me what to do with extra cash is like asking a frat boy what to do with the brew ,” McClendon told Natural Gas Intelligence in 2005. Nor was he frugal when it came to his personal life. He acquired multimillion-dollar manors and resorts in Oklahoma, Bermuda, Maui, Vail, on Lake Michigan, and even in Minnesota. He had one of the best wine collectings in the world.

To Wall Street investors, McClendon was delivering on what they missed most: consistency and growth. His pitch was that fracking had transformed the production of gas from a hit-or-miss proposition to one that operated with an on and off switch. It was constructing , not wildcatting. He became a flag-waver for natural gas- “Mr Gas”, as Fortune magazine formerly announced him.

” Aubrey was the first one to say,’ Let’s create demand ,'” Chesapeake’s Henry Hood said.


Back in 2003, when McClendon was just getting started, the consensus vistum had been that the US was running out of natural gas. It became a fixation for Alan Greenspan, the once-revered chair of the Federal Reserve, who alerted Congress during a rare appearance that the dearth and rising cost of gas could hurt the Us economy. Greenspan recommended that the US build terminals to accept deliveries of liquefied natural gas from other countries.” We realise a commotion brewing on the horizon ,” said Billy Tauzin, a Republican representative from Louisiana and the then-chairman of the Energy and Commerce Committee. Such suspicions eventually helped push through the Energy Policy Act of 2005, which exempted natural gas drillers from having to disclose the chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing, thus precluding costly regulatory oversight.

As fracking took off, McClendon began telling anyone who would listen that the US had enough natural gas to last-place more than 100 times. He calmly financed awareness-raising campaigns called ” Coal is Filthy”, and he argued that altering 10% of US vehicles to run on natural gas in the next 10 times would be the fastest, cheapest route to free the country from dependence on foreign petroleum. He was adamant that employees should drive automobiles fuelled by constricted natural gas. For a being immersed in the industry’s history of boom and failure, McClendon had by now persuasion himself that natural gas tolls would never fall. In August 2008, he predicted that rates would stay in the$ 8-$ 9 scope for the foreseeable future.” He had a very, very strong point of view about gas ,” said one banker who knew him since the early 1990 s.” By the room, he was basically wrong for the last 30 years .”

McClendon’s optimistic vistum on tolls became the conventional wisdom in intensity sells. In 2007, the supposedly smartest investors in the nations of the world- among them Goldman Sachs and the takeover titan KKR- organized their massive $45 bn buyout of a utility announced TXU in a way that was essentially a bet that natural gas costs, then around$ 7, were set to rise significantly.

At the same time, Vladimir Putin was stimulating similar gamblings. In an attempt to set up a cartel for gas, the Russian premier hosted a group of gas-producing districts, including Algeria, Iran, and Venezuela, in Moscow. The US was not among them.” Expenses of expedition, gas production and transport are going up ,” Putin said.” It represents the industry’s development expenditures will skyrocket. The day of cheap energy resources, inexpensive gas, is surely coming to an extremity .”

When the becoming get rough, McClendon had always lived by borrowing yet more money to acquire more dimensions.” Simply gave, low prices cure low prices as consumers are motivated to consume more and farmers are compelled to produce less ,” he wrote in Chesapeake’s 1998 annual report. But he had forgotten the flipside of that industry banality. Time and again, in stock marketplaces, high prices inspire more producers to produce, generate a surplus, that then mashes prices- and farmers.” He was right that shale modified the nations of the world ,” said one longtime gas human.” He should have listened to himself .”


The price of natural gas began to plunge in 2012, and in 2014, the price of oil followed suit. Falling tolls speedily disclosed the strong underbelly of US shale- its high costs and ravenous need for capital. Once-booming US production stumbled the skids. The so-called rig count- the number of members of riggings drilling for oil and gas at a given point in time- fell from 1,920 riggings in late 2014 to a low-grade of 480 in early 2016.” We think it likely that to find a lower level of pleasure would require going back to the 1860 s, the early part of the Pennsylvania oil boom ,” Paul Hornsell, head of stocks research for Standard Chartered bank, wrote in a research note. By mid-2 016, US oil production had declined by 1m barrels a day.

One after another, debt-laden companionships began to declare bankruptcy, with some 200 of them eventually becoming bust. In a report released in the fall of 2016, credit rating agency Moody’s called the corporate fatalities “catastrophic”. ” When all the data is in, including 2016 insolvencies, it may very well turn out that this oil and gas industry crisis has created a segment-wide bust of historic amounts ,” said David Keisman, a Moody’s elderly vice-president.

Some of those who had bought assets from McClendon and others in the heyday also began to write down the value of what they had obtained. Statoil, the Norwegian energy giant, wrote down the best interest of the its shale and Canadian petroleum sands assets by$ 4bn; Royal Dutch Shell reported a write-down of more than$ 8bn. More prominent was Australia’s BHP Billiton, which had wasted$ 5bn endowing with Chesapeake in the Fayetteville shale and ploughed another $15 bn into the purchase of Houston-based Petrohawk. BHP set all the resources on the block in the fall of 2014, but learnt no buyers, and eventually made off more than$ 7bn- which begat the motto” pulling a BHP “.

As one investor placed it:” All of the acquisitions of shale resources done by the majors and by international firms ought to have tragedies. The wildcatters made a lot of money, but the companies haven’t .”

As shale fellowships slashed its own budget, fracking equipment was idled- study firm IHS Markit reported in 2016 that close to 60% of the fracking material in the US was inactive. Shale companies and oilfield service companies laid off craftsmen. All told, the world oil and gas industry molted almost half a million jobs during the bust, according to consulting firm Graves& Co.

The shale boom town unexpectedly resembled their California counterparts after the gold rush. In the Cline shale east of Midland in Texas, Devon Energy abridged its rigging work and give its rentals expire, citing “a lot of variability” in the formation. In the town of Sweetwater,” aspirations are fading rapidly as the plummeting price of oil justifications investors to pull away, cutting off the projects that were supposed to pay for a bright new future ,” copied the Associated Press in early 2015.” Now the town of 11,000 awaits layoffs and budget gashes and shelves its dreamings .”

By nearly all reports, the shale thunder used to go failure. In early 2016 , non-investment grade energy attachments- the shale industry’s rocket fuel- furnished 25%, five times what they had a year and a half earlier, expressing a wildly heightened rank of danger.” This has the makings of a gigantic fund crisis” for energy firms, William Snyder, the head of Deloitte’s US restructuring unit, told the Wall Street Journal in early 2016. That outpouring, the Kansas City Federal Reserve concluded that” current prices are too low for much long-term economic viability of shale oil production “.

Surveying the carnage in the spring of 2016, then ExxonMobil CEO Rex Tillerson told a convene of commentators that due to the huge amount of obligation most firms in the industry had accumulated, he couldn’t even find anything importance buying.

When Aubrey McClendon been killed in his auto, colliding with a concrete wall supporting an overpass at 90 mph, it was hard not to see his death as the punctuation marking the end of an period. As the Australian hedge fund director John Hempton asked:” Is Chesapeake the pattern for this business? It reforms the world, but it ends in tears ?”

This is an edited extract from Saudi America by Bethany McLean, which will be published by Columbia Global Reports on 12 September. To buy it for PS9. 99, go to guardianbookshop.com or bawl 0330 333 6846

* Follow the Long Read on Twitter at @gdnlongread, or sign up to the long read weekly email here.

If Trump mercies Jack Johnson it won’t be for his contribution to black America

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The great heavyweight champion stood up to white America. But the presidents interest in the case isnt due to civil rights

A few weeks ago, Sylvester Stallone called Donald Trump with specific suggestions: why not grant a posthumous pardon to Jack Johnson, the first blacknes heavyweight endorse? Given the left-field nature of the relevant recommendations, there’s a good chance the president may actually go through with it.

Johnson predominated from 1908 -1 915, though in the opinion of numerous boxing experts, he was the best heavyweight in the nations of the world for a much longer period. And as documentarian Ken Burns says in his 2004 movie, Unforgivable Blackness:” For more than 13 times, Jack Johnson was the most famous and the most notorious African American on Earth .”

Johnson was born in 1878- or some time around then, there are no surviving records- and grew up in Galveston, Texas, a city, for the time and plaza at least, loosened on racial stuffs. He playing with white girls, unaware of the restrictions he would face in the outside as he developed older. It’s a testament to his persuasivenes of will that when he was confronted by those borders in later life, he simply ignored them.

When Johnson became rich enough to afford automobiles, he hastened them down public streets, and when stopped by white police, flogged out some proposals from his purse and told them to “keep the change.” According to a story which has never been verified, Henry Ford payed Johnson a brand-new auto every year, assuming that when he was pulled over for hasten, a photo of a grinning Johnson beside his lustrou brand-new Ford would appear in newspapers across the country.

It was the same story in the ring. He scorned and taunted his white opposings, scoffed his black competitors, obliged his own deals without white managers, flaunted his success in public, and, most scandalous of all to both blacks and whites, romanced and married lily-white maidens, abusing at the least one of them.

Though Johnson was undeniably brilliant in the ring, he was far from the Colin Kaepernick or Muhammad Ali of his epoch. When he stood up to white America- something that took huge personal spirit- it was to help himself rather than African Americans as a whole. He carried no solidarity with other color Americans and even took hurtings to distance himself from their spokesmen. As Paul Beston scribbles in his superb history of the American heavyweight division, The Boxing Kings, “[ WEB] DuBois and[ Booker T] Washington is also of the view that a black humanity in the public eye had broader responsibilities to the race. Johnson didn’t think so.’ I have found no better way of scaping racial prejudice ,’ he author,’ than to act in my relationships with parties of other hastens as if prejudice did not exist .’ Individualism was his creed .” Simply applied, Johnson lived a doctrine as free from identity politics as a Fox News commentator.

His wins produced pride to millions of African Americans but the victories over grey boxers likewise sparked race riotings in which perhaps hundreds of men and women were injured and more than a few died( at the least 20 reported killed after his 1910 fight with the beloved former champ Jim Jefferies ). But Johnson took no pains to mollify the disturbed liquids he had budged.

In the 2004 account, Unforgivable Blackness( a comrade fragment to the Ken Burns documentary ), Geoffrey Ward attacked the narrative of Johnson as a role model for pitch-black activists.” He never seems to have been interested in collective action of any kind. How could he be when he saw himself always as a unique person apart from everyone else ?”

Despite his suffering at the hands of a prejudiced boxing organisation, Johnson did little to help other blacknes boxers. He rejected challenges from the other enormous pitch-black heavyweights of his epoch, specially the person who is many regarded as the uncrowned champion, Sam Langford( the pair had contended before Johnson won the heavyweight deed, with the much larger Johnson said to have won easily ). Instead, he engaged well-known white boxers. Johnson was a far superior fighter than the vast majority of lily-white boxers he routinely beat, even when umpires and bunches were against him. That riled grey America, which was determined to take him down. In 1913, the bigots replaced. After relentless investigations into his relationships with white wives, Johnson was imprisoned( by an all-white jury) of violating the Mann Act, bringing a prostitute across nation directions in a emphatically precarious case.

As Jesse Washington wrote on The Undefeated:” The first blacknes heavyweight endorse was wrongfully incarcerated a century ago by racist authorities who is currently outraged by his devastation of white boxers and his relationships with white women .” Johnson immediately fled to Europe where, he said, he would be treated” like every human being “. He returned to the US in 1920 and served 10 months of his one-year sentence.

Jack
Jack Johnson’s wedlock to a white-hot lady, Etta Duryea, outraged much of America. Photograph: Ullstein Bild/ ullstein bild via Getty Images

In 1927 Johnson produced a memoir, In The Ring and Out, which was surprisingly well received. With the book, Johnson, in effect, etched his own myth. In 1946 he was driving to New York to watch a Joe Louis fight- Johnson, jealous of the second black man to win the heavyweight deed, scoffed Louis’s the skills and experienced baiting him from ringside. Johnson disintegrated his Ford into a light-headed pole near Raleigh, North Carolina- after apparently leaving a dinerthat refused to serve him because of his hasten- and was pronounced dead at 68.

That was the end of an amazing life, but not of the Johnson legend. Twenty years after his death, in an era of burgeoning black consciousness, Johnson was hoisted as the kind of hero he never aspired to in life. In 1967, Howard Sackler’s play, The Great White Hope , made its introduction. It starred a perfectly shed James Earl Jones as Jack Jefferson, a just disguised sketch of Johnson, and in 1970 the participate was adapted into a much admired cinema. A year later, the coolest husband on the planet, Miles Davis, released Jack Johnson( later reissued as A Tribute to Jack Johnson) as the soundtrack for a documentary.

Unless, that is, the coolest human on countries around the world was Muhammad Ali. Ali sometimes announced as if he thought he was the reincarnation of the first blacknes champ:” I am Jack Johnson !” he was fond of saying. But Ali was far more than that. He was persecuted for his association with the Nation of Islam- then known as the Black Muslims- and for his political positions, especially his refusal to be inducted into the armed forces during the course of its Vietnam War on moral dirts. Johnson wouldn’t have come within a mile of the Black Muslims. And if the US government had tried to draft him during a war, he’d have left the country rather than face the consequences.

Over the years many politicians have floated the idea of posthumously reprieving Johnson, most recently Senator John McCain. Johnson did get a bum rap on the Mann Act, but the Jack Johnson whose firebrand Republicans want to “save” is the Johnson character of The Great White Hope, “the mens” anointed by Davis and Ali.

And why a reprieve for Johnson now? Perhaps wisely, Barack Obama took a second pass in 2015( the first was in 2009) when Congress approved a invoice which included a resolution to pardon Johnson. As Jesse Washington memo,” Exonerating Johnson would have opened Obama up to racial repercussions unique to the firstly black chairperson … Obama was focused on clemency for living victims of mass incarceration programs, which disproportionately affect the pitch-black parish .” If Obama had pardoned Johnson, you can bet Fox News would have recreated the real Johnson and bellowed blood murder.

So why has Trump decided to be Johnson’s savior? There is perhaps a feeling that Trump would use a pardon to score moment over Obama. Washington feels that” a mercy would ply Trump with an opportunity to do something, albeit symbolic, about ethnic sin. Trump’s Justice Department is restoring the’ tough on felony’ policies that formed the racially biased cataclysm of mass incarceration- the exact devastation that Obama tried to mitigate with both program and his huge number of commuted sentences .”

So should Johnson be reprieved? After all, the Mann Act rap on Johnson never had much credence. Gerald Early, chairman of Black American Studies at Washington University in St Louis and editor of, amongst other journals, The Muhammad Ali Reader, says:” I think it is fine to pardon Johnson. It was undoubtedly a racially motivated prosecution that was done under a very poorly conceived slouse of laws. But there were other questionable or arguable prosecutions for the purposes of the act that should be looked into as well, Chuck Berry’s for example. In as much the law is an example of federal overreach and has clearly not done well what it was alleged to be trying to do- namely, protect women from being prostituted- probably many who were imprisoned under the act should be pardoned .”

When Louis lost his first fight with Schmeling in 1936 in New York, African American males openly wept on wall street of Harlem; some tolerated heart attacks listening to the fight on the radio. The African American singer Lena Horne, performing at a fraternity that night, broken down when she listen the bulletin. Her mother reproached her,” You don’t even know the man .” Horne replied that she didn’t have to know him:” He belongs to all of us .”

And so Louis does, then and now. Much more so than Johnson, who never genuinely belonged to anyone but himself. Maybe, in Johnson, Donald Trump interprets a kindred spirit.

Sovereign Charles: 70 times in 70 envisions

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To mark the Prince of Wales’ 70 th birthday, we present an epitome from the News organization archives from every year of his life.

1948

Image copyright PA Image caption Charles Philip Arthur George was born on 14 November 1948, five years before his mother was crowned Queen.

1949

Image copyright PA Image caption Prince Charles with his father, the Duke of Edinburgh, in the grounds of Windlesham Moor, the country home in Surrey of Princess Elizabeth and the duke at that time.

1950

Image copyright PA Image caption Charles and his mother watch as a procession including Queen Juliana and Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands guides Clarence House.

1951

Image copyright PA Image caption King George VI with his grandson Prince Charles celebrating his third birthday at Buckingham Palace. It was the first photograph of the King taken after his lung enterprise in September.

1952

Image copyright PA Image caption Prince Charles maintenance a watchman on his fourth birthday with his mother, who was by then Queen Elizabeth II.

1953

Image copyright PA Image caption Fifth birthday portrait of Prince Charles.

1954

Image copyright PA Image caption Princess Anne and Prince Charles with their grandmother, Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother, in the grounds of the Royal Lodge, Windsor, Berkshire. The photo was taken shortly before they left for Tobruk, Libya, to join their parents the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh, homeward fix from the Commonwealth tour.

1955

Image copyright PA Image caption Prince Charles portrait for his seventh birthday.

1956

Image copyright PA Image caption Charles with the ponies at Smith’s Lawn, Windsor Great Park, where his father, the Duke of Edinburgh, was playing polo.

1957

Image copyright PA Image caption The prince with “his fathers”, the Duke of Edinburgh, at the pedal, as they take a motorboat ride up the River Medina at Cowes, Isle of Wight.

1958

Image copyright PA Image caption Prince Charles on his acces to Cheam School, in Berkshire. He was educated at home until the age of eight.

1959

Image copyright PA Image caption A house photograph at Windsor Castle. With them is Sugar, one of the Queen’s pet corgis.

1960

Image caption Prince Charles and Princess Anne now have a baby brother, Prince Andrew. Here, they take him for a walk in the fields at Balmoral.

1961

Image copyright PA Image caption Out riding at Windsor Castle with his mother, the Queen.

1962

Image copyright PA Image caption Prince Charles arrives at his new school, Gordonstoun, alongside his father, the Duke of Edinburgh( left ), and Capt Iain Tennant, who chaired the board of governors.

1963

Image copyright PA Image caption The Royal Family on their method to Westminster Abbey for the wedding of Princess Alexandra and Angus Ogilvy.

1964

Image copyright PA Image caption Prince Charles, who had recently recovered from pneumonia in an Aberdeen nursing home, at Windsor Great Park.

1965

Image copyright PA Image caption Prince Charles as Macbeth in the Gordonstoun School production of the Shakespeare play. His mothers were in the audience with other mothers to watch the final act.

1966

Image copyright PA Image caption A painting of Prince Charles dres the Balmoral tartan , commissioned for his 18 th birthday.

1967

Image copyright PA Image caption Prince Charles, wearing the Trinity gown of blue-blooded silk with black facings, accompanied by head porter Mr Bill Edwards posing on the steps of Neville Court, Cambridge University. The lord was in Cambridge to take over learns in archaeology and anthropology.

1968

Image copyright PA Image caption Prince Charles batting for Lord Brabourne’s XI against a unit of hastening motorists, including Graham Hill, at Mersham, near Ashford, Kent.

1969

Image copyright PA Image caption Queen Elizabeth II investing her son, Prince Charles, as the Prince of Wales during a ceremony at Caernarfon castle.

1970

Image copyright PA Image caption Charles playing the responsibilities of the a weatherman in recitals for a sketch for the Dryden Society’s Trinity College revue at Cambridge University.

1971

Image copyright PA Image caption Behind the wheel of his Aston Martin DB6 convertible sports car on London’s Strand after inspecting the News organization in Fleet street.

1972

Image copyright PA Image caption The Royal Family at Buckingham Palace. Prince Charles, Princess Anne and Prince Andrew have recently been been joined by a younger friend, Prince Edward.

1973

Image copyright PA Image caption By 1973 Prince Charles was a sub-lieutenant in the Royal Navy, here on the connection of the frigate Minerva at Devonport before leaving for routine patrols and practise around the West Indies.

1974

Image copyright PA Image caption A years later, he is about to set off on his first “dual control” flight, with teacher Lt Cdr Alan MacGregor in a Royal Navy Wessex V helicopter.

1975

Image copyright PA Image caption Under the Arctic ice at Resolute Bay, Canada.

1976

Image copyright PA Image caption Sporting a new whisker at the Badminton Horse Trials.

1977

Image caption Comedy duo Morecambe and Wise shared the stage with Prince Charles during the course of its special Royal Charity Show in aid of the Queen’s Jubilee Appeal.

1978

Image copyright PA Image caption Taking to the water, Prince Charles windsurfing during Regatta Week at Cowes on the Isle of Wight.

1979

Image copyright PA Image caption In 1979, Prince Charles fulfilled an ambition to fly a pre-War Tiger Moth biplane, when he took to the skies over RAF Benson in Oxfordshire.

1980

Image copyright PA Image caption Charles on his 10 -year-old Irish chaser, Allibar, at Ludlow, where he finished second in an amateur riders’ steeplechase.

1981

Image copyright PA Image caption Newlyweds, Prince Charles and his bride, Diana, Princess of Wales, make their way to Buckingham Palace after their wedding ceremony at St Paul’s Cathedral in London.

1982

Image copyright PA Image caption In 1982 Prince Charles’s first child, Prince William, was born.

1983

Image copyright PA Image caption The Prince and Princess Of Wales during a stay to Montague, Prince Edward Island, Canada.

1984

Image copyright PA Image caption Prince Charles gamblings with his son Prince William in the garden-variety of their residence, Kensington Palace.

1985

Image copyright PA Image caption To the thrill of teenagers at a discotheque in Middleton-on-Sea, Sussex, Prince Charles tries his hand at break-dancing. The phenomenon was organised by the Prince’s Trust.

1986

Image copyright PA Image caption Prince Charles receives a pillage and kiss from his wife after playing for the England II team against Chile, at the Cartier International Polo Spectacular at the Patrols Polo Club in Windsor Great Park, Berkshire.

1987

Image copyright PA Image caption Prince Charles forms his lane across a connection during a trek in the foothills of Ben Nevis with the Lochaber Mountain Rescue Team.

1988

Image copyright PA Image caption The prince garb his new Royal Navy captain’s uniform on his 40 th birthday.

1989

Image copyright PA Image caption Prince Harry has now assembled their own families. They are seen here on holiday in Tresco, Scilly Isles.

1990

Image copyright PA Image caption While on a visit to British troops in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, Prince Charles was given a trip in a Challenger tank by the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards.

1991

Image copyright PA Image caption In 1991, he saw a group of unemployed youths taking part in the Prince’s Trust scheme, in Caister-On-Sea, Norfolk.

1992

Image copyright PA Image caption Prince Charles and Diana, Princess of Wales, are ascertained during a visit to a monumental to the Gloucester Regiment, who fought with mark in 1951 during the Korean War, near Seoul, South Korea. It was in 1992 they separate, formally divorcing in July 1996, citing “irreconcilable differences”.

1993

Image copyright PA Image caption Prince Charles and his mother watch the racing at Epsom on the 40 th anniversary of the Queen’s coronation.

1994

Image copyright PA Image caption British paratroopers land on Ginkel Heath to commemorate the 50 th anniversary of the Battle of Arnhem, as Prince Charles reviews on.

1995

Image copyright PA Image caption Prince Charles extends his two sons during a toboggan hasten on the descents outside their inn in the Swiss resort of Klosters.

1996

Image copyright PA Image caption Charles is accompanied on his own on the Giant’s Wishing Chair at the Giant’s Causeway, Co Antrim.

1997

Image copyright PA Image caption The Duke of Edinburgh, Prince William, Earl Spencer, Prince Harry and the Prince of Wales turn on to Horse Guards Parade as they comply behind the coffin of Diana, Princess of Wales, during the funeral procession to Westminster Abbey. Following the deaths among the princess in a gondola crash in Paris, in 1997, the sovereign is of the view that she be given a royal funeral.

1998

Image copyright PA Image caption He celebrated his 50 th birthday in 1998, with his mother, the Queen, at a receipt in his accept at Buckingham Palace.

1999

Image copyright PA Image caption A years later, Prince Charles was seen in public for the first time with Camilla Parker Bowles, who later became his wife.

2000

Image copyright PA Image caption During a tour of the Caribbean, Prince Charles donned a rasta detonator, generating much laughter among the locals at the Trenchtown community centre in Kingston, Jamaica.

2001

Image copyright PA Image caption Prince Charles and his grandmother, Queen Elizabeth, the Queen mother, were very close and here he shares a joke with her during the unveiling of an Aberdeen Angus sculpture at the Grampian Transport Museum in Aberdeenshire.

2002

Image copyright PA Image caption In 2002, the ruler stood vigil at his grandmother’s coffin in Westminster Hall in London on the eve of her funeral.

2003

Image copyright PA Image caption Three generations of the British Royal pedigree – Queen Elizabeth II and her husband, the Duke of Edinburgh, their eldest son, the Prince of Wales, and his elder son, Prince William, at Clarence House in London before a dinner to differentiate the 50 th anniversary of her coronation.

2004

Image copyright PA Image caption Prince Charles and his elder son, Prince William, share a joke with the media on the Madrisa ski slopes, above the Swiss village of Klosters.

2005

Image copyright PA Image caption In 2005, the Prince of Wales married Camilla Parker Bowles, who became the Duchess of Cornwall, at Windsor’s Guildhall.

2006

Image copyright PA Image caption The Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall with his sons, Prince William and Prince Harry, at Sandhurst Royal Military Academy after the Sovereign’s Parade that commemorated the completion of Prince Harry’s officer set.

2007

Image copyright PA Image caption In 2007, Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh revelled their diamond marriage anniversary. Here, the family pose for a paint before a formal dinner.

2008

Image copyright PA Image caption Prince Charles and his wife enjoy the Mey Highland Games in Caithness.

2009

Image copyright PA Image caption The Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall on the Beach of North Seymour Island, which falls within the Galapagos Islands, in the Pacific Ocean.

2010

Image copyright PA Image caption The Prince of Wales lookings through the window of a British armed helicopter as he travels to Lashkar Gah, Afghanistan.

2011

Image copyright PA Image caption In 2011, his elder son, Prince William, married Kate Middleton. Here, the prince sits with the Duchess of Cornwall and his parents in Westminster Abbey waiting for the opening ceremony to begin.

2012

Image copyright PA Image caption Prince William , now the Duke of Cambridge, testifies his father one of the Sea King helicopters he captains at RAF Valley on Anglesey.

2013

Image copyright PA Image caption The prince and duchess host a receipt for the Elephant Family, a charity working to save the Asian elephant from extinguishing in the wild.

2014

Image copyright PA Image caption The prince raises a glass to D-Day ex-servicemen at a community centre in Ranville, Normandy, as part of the 70 th anniversary of the D-Day campaign.

2015

Image copyright PA Image caption The Duchess of Cornwall, the Prince of Wales, Prince George, the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Queen Elizabeth II on the balcony at Buckingham Palace adhering Trooping the Colour at Horse Guards Parade.

2016

Image copyright PA Image caption Queen Elizabeth II, the Duke of Edinburgh and the Prince of Wales in Poundbury, his example municipality in Dorset. Prince Charles designed the village on the outskirts of Dorchester after sketching his proposal in his 1989 volume, A Vision of Britain.

2017

Image copyright PA Image caption The Prince of Wales, known as the Duke of Rothesay in Scotland, takes the praise during the Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo at Edinburgh Castle.

2018

Image copyright PA Image caption And one for fluke, the 71 st likenes that produces us up to date. The Prince of Wales saunters Meghan Markle up the aisle of St George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle for her uniting to his son Prince Harry.
Image copyright Chris Jackson/ Clarence House/ PA Image caption But why to be stopped? Here is one more picture released to recognize Prince Charles’ birthday. It testifies three generations of royals, as Charles sits with his wife, children and grandchildren.

All photographs from the archives of the Press Association

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‘Detective Pikachu’ can’t solve the riddle of live-action Pokemon

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( CNN) Everything worth verifying in “Pokemon Detective Pikachu” neatly meets in the coming-attractions trailer, leaving a moderately numbing additional 100 minutes of reverberate and furry. Those profoundly to be used in the dealership will likely find bits to like, but in terms of fashioning a memorable live-action version, alas, that’s not in the cards.

The exercise thus boils down, largely, to one’s tolerance for Ryan Reynolds being allowed to engage in what amounts to unbridled verbal mugging — a modified, PG-rated version of his “Deadpool” shtick — as the singer of Pikachu, a machine that rapidly relents diminishing returns. Even kids will probably be endured for unfolds, although numerous will no doubt be delighted by the vaguely naughty references.

In periods of the flesh-and-blood performers, Justice Smith( “The Get Down”) plays Tim, who learns that “his fathers”, a detective, has been killed in a automobile gate-crash. He wanders to Ryme City, where Pokemon and parties merrily reside, prior to being united with his father’s pint-sized pal, Pikachu.

Elon Musk sketches in humans after robots slow down Tesla Model 3 creation

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Humans are underrated, says CEO after companionship is inadequate to made weekly production target in firstly quarter of 2018

Elon Musk has acknowledged that automation has been holding back Tesla’s Model 3 creation and that humans, rather than machines, were the answer.

The electric car maker’s chief executive said that one of the reasons Tesla has struggled to reach promised make magnitudes was because of the company’s” excessive automation “.

Asked whether robots had slowed down production, rather than speeding it up, during a tour around Tesla’s mill by CBS, Musk replied:” Yes, they did … We had this crazy, complex system of conveyor belts … And it was not working, so we got rid of that whole situation .”

” Yes, excessive automation at Tesla was a mistake. To be precise, my correct. Humans are underrated ,” Musk contributed later.

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So Sad — Former NBA Player Rasual Butler& His Wife Leah LaBelle Killed In A Car Crash

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This is gutting.

Former NBA actor Rasual Butler and his wife Leah LaBelle tragically died in a Studio City, CA car crash early Wednesday morning.

While little details have been secreted, TMZ is reporting the 38 -year-old lost dominate of his Range Rover around 2 a.m ., affect a parking meter, and threw into a wall which effected the car to flip.

Related: Mark Salling’s Family Reported Him Missing Before Suicide

Butler played in the NBA until 2016 — joining the Heat, Hornets, Clippers, Bulls, Raptors, Pacers, Wizards and Spurs on the court during his professional career. Leah situated 12 th on the third Season of American Idol in 2004. She was an R& B singer signed to Epic Records.

We’re sending charity and light to the couple’s family during this tragic time.

[ Image via Instagram .]

DTAG 17 TT DTAG 18 TT

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Image copyright Adolf Ingi Erlingsson Image caption The accident took place on a bridge over the area of Nupsvotn on Iceland’s ring road

The family of two British sisters-in-law and a newborn girl who were killed in a car clang while on holiday in Iceland have called it a “horrifying shock”.

In a statement, they said they were “deeply saddened” by what had happened.

The sightseers were in a Toyota Land Cruiser when it gate-crashed through the railing of a bridge on Thursday.

The females are believed to be Rajshree and Khushboo Laturia. The newborn is understood to be Rajshree’s daughter Shreeprabha, abide this year.

Police – who have not officially released the names of those involved – said the women were with their partners, Shreeraj and Supreme Laturia.

The two kinfolks were advancing around Iceland together when their car left the bridge and fell eight metres onto a creek bank.

The two men and two other children aged seven and nine were also seriously hurt in the disintegrate and all four were airlifted to hospital.

The baby who died was less than a year old and move in a vehicle bench.

‘Space to grieve’

In a statement released on Friday night, their own families said: “The fatal car crash near Skaftafell in Iceland on the morning of December 27, 2018 has come as a horrifying disturbance for the entire family and friends.

“The Indian, British and Icelandic authorities have been extremely co-operative and extended appropriate support.

“Our family is deeply saddened so we request you to kindly respect our privacy and present us the cavity to grieve in peacefulnes at this difficult time.”

The Indian Ambassador to Iceland said relatives from India would be travelling to Iceland.

The accident happened at around 9:30 GMT on Thursday on Iceland’s national ring road – also known as Route 1 – in an area announced Nupsvotn, between the city of Kirkjubaejarklaustur and Skaftafell.

The area is a popular destination for sightseers, and the families were leader east on the road towards the Vatnajokull National Park – which is home to the largest glacier in Europe as well as waterfalls and mountains.

Police said measures demonstrate how the driver of the car had not been drinking alcohol.

“The cause of the accident is unknown and under investigation by the police and the investigate committee for move accidents, ” detectives added.

“The car was driven towards the east, along the Sudurlandsvegur road, and seems to have turned on the bridge with the result that it went on top of the railing of the bridge, to the right, following it for a short distance and then turned over off the rail and the bridge.

“There, the car fell down on the floor beneath the bridge.”

Chief Superintendent Sveinn Kristjan Runarsson said the road was not thought to have been icy, but humidity could have constructed the bridge’s surface – which is made of steel – slippery.

Image copyright PA Image caption A police cruiser impedes off part of Route 1 on Thursday

One of the first parties on the situation was tour guide Adolf Erlingsson, who told BBC News he imagined the driver had lost control.

Describing the bank that the car fell down onto, Mr Erlingsson said: “It’s kind of sandy, there’s no rivers so it wasn’t submerged in irrigate. It simply territory there on a sandy fanny and threw over and was totally destroyed, ” he said.

He added that he got out of his van and went to see if he could help emergency services.

“The car was a total wreck. When I got there four parties were out of the car, one of them deceased. Then “therere” three people trapped in the car.

“The driver was alive and caught more or less under the dashboard. We would seek to get the people out of the car and helping them, it was a very difficult situation.”

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Olivia Laing:’ I was secured and my stimulant was Twitter’

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In a period of loneliness, Olivia Laing turned to Twitter. But then it trapped her

I was a late adopter of technology. In the 1990 s, I lived off-grid. If anyone missed me, they had to call my pager. When it buzzed, I’d gait two miles across disciplines to reverberate them back from a dusty telephone chest on a country lane. Even after I rejoined the contemporary world I remains a source of Luddite. I was late to email and so late to laptops that I created all my position coursework by hand. I was years late to Facebook and exclusively bought my first smartphone last-place summer. Not, on the face of it, the most likely person to become addicted to Twitter.

My relationship with it began during a long period of loneliness about ten years ago, in my mid-3 0s. I was living in New York, away from my family and pals, weathering a sorry break-up. The time-zone difference meant an ongoing glitch in communicating with beings back home. Skype, with its two-second time lag and perpetually iced screens, manufactured me feel further away than ever. I wanted to talk to people who were awake when I was.

The thing I liked about Twitter back then was that it connected you with other beings according to shared interests, the more niche the better. Exchanging links to clauses have contributed to shared jokes to guide messages to tentative meet-ups to full-blown let’s-go-on-holiday-together friendships. I went on a trip to Maine with someone I knew through Twitter. Twitter was where I matched the man I’d marry, as well as half the people at our wedding.

It undeniably introduced a lot of warmth into my life, but by 2015 I started involving social media with a more suspicious eye. I was writing The Lonely City , an investigation into loneliness in the modern age, and had begun to think about the relationship between the internet and lonelines. It was great for connecting strangers, but how much did it truly foster intimacy? Performing for likes was not at all the same thing as being accepted for who “you il be”, the necessary foundation for the high-risk act of friendship. And how good did it truly feel to behaviour affections in public?

Olivia
‘ Knowledge troubles, but so too does the slower and more private play of remembering ‘: Olivia Laing on life after Twitter. Photograph: Matt Writtle/ Evening Standard/ Eyevine

After finishing the book, I changed my relationship with social media. I removed my Facebook account, but stood on Twitter, even though it had become palpably more adversarial, less friendly. Trolls, pile-ons, policing, the endless accusation of excellence signalling- it was increasingly hard to feel safe enough to say anything at all. The ground I didn’t leave is because it had become the place I came to for political news, especially during the seismic modifications of 2016.

That year I slept with my laptop on the pillow beside me, waking multiple times in the night to check my feed. Twitter was my constant companion, the lens through which I watched the EU referendum, Brexit, the American presidential safarus and Trump’s election. I couldn’t look away. Even though I suspected that the velocity and strangeness of happens “ve got something” to do with social media, I still belief social media was the place to find out what was really going on, hours before the clumsy newspapers caught up.

I wasn’t so much addicted to the spectacle as to the ongoing certainty that the next click, the next association, would bring clarity. I felt like if I watched everything, if I speak every last conspiracy theory and wove tweet, the wage would be illumination. I would eventually be able to understand not just what was happening but what it intended and what causes it would have. But there was never a definitive resolution. I’d taken up residence in a hothouse for paranoia, a factory manufacturing hypothesi and mistrust.

I recently read a description of the effects of the deeply addictive opioid OxyContin as total contentment and satiation.” I feel as if I have unexpectedly gained all that I require in living and no longer have anything to fear ,” a used said.” I am perfectly content both mentally and emotionally .” You can at least understand the appeal of that. But the stimulant I’d get robbed on was terror. I stood up all night construe Nazi websites and Reddit weaves by “incels” that proposed the answer to so-called sex difference, by which they signified a woman’s right not to have sex with someone, was redistribution, by which they signified the loss of a woman’s right not to have sex with person, which the last time I searched was announced rape.

The more perturbed I became, the more urgent the need for understanding. On 2 August 2017, I decided to start writing down everything I encountered online, from the unimportant to the momentous, in travel documents that over the next 7 weeks became a novel, Crudo , writes to real occasion. I was conducting an experiment. I wanted to record both the news itself and the effect of consuming it in a historically unprecedented mode, to capture what it was like to live alongside- inside- such a fast-moving cycle, to be saturated by revile information.

The thing that attained Twitter at once exciting and terrifying was that it perpetually overwrote itself, a spate of information, brand-new happenings stacking up by the second, so that the events of even a week ago seemed ancient, just recallable record. It gone by too hurriedly to process and so I stood at the edge of the stream and fished occasions out, to be considered more slowly.

The first item I recorded was Trump’s sacking of Anthony Scaramucci, “whos been” so briefly been the White House director of communications that a joke went round that return flies had longer life spans: 56,152 likes. Over the course of the summer, I interrupted my own bridal to record the abandonment of Steve Bannon. Twitter was the source of news, it was where I found out about the Grenfell fire and militias marching in Charlottesville, but it was also increasingly the information itself. Trump used it to threaten nuclear war, taking escapes to trashtalk the FailingNewYorkTimes. Hunched over my laptop, I made everything is down.

One of the reasons I’d told myself I needed to be online, especially as the world careened to the far right, was that it was our tariff as citizens to be educated, alerting, awake. But recording the process over months been demonstrated by that the actual consequence was that I was hypnotised by fright. The more internet-reality I devoured, the more I sat there, stupefy, paranoid, drained of hope.

I decided to leave not because I didn’t want to know how bad things were. I didn’t want to cut out the word alone, like those smug people who move to the lumbers or give up dealing with money and don’t realise the reason it works for them is because they’re white and 22. I left because I felt like my ability to act or see or even feel was being marred irreparably. All I could do was act. I didn’t want to be so polarised, or to lose all faith in the ability of humans to learn, to discuss, to change their imaginations. I didn’t want to lie in a soap of poison run by Nigel Farage and Donald Trump.

I deactivated my history in the autumn of 2018, telling myself that I was just going to take a short break. As long as you log in within 30 dates, you can keep your account, even though they are you deactivate it again immediately. At first I author the 30 day appointments in my journal, but at some item I forgot and when I logged back in the network didn’t know who I was.

It was sucha relief to be offline. If I encounter beings, I didn’t already is well aware they had once expressed an opinion I despised. Instead I could talk to them. Maybe I’d change their imagination. Maybe they’d change mine. I was sick of dogma. What I wanted was subtlety and openness. Honestly, I think that’s where convert comes in the world, and not by shaming and exiling parties on account of statements they’ve typed into a website.

A 2014 examine by Dutch neurologists suggests that when people ensure an accident, they can’t at first empathise, let alone reflect, make decisions or act, because they are attacked by an instantaneous flight/ solidify/ push response, which has to wear off before they can think in more helpful practices. It seems to me now that being on Twitter was like watching a ceaseless auto crash.

Over the years that I was there I discovered footage of hundreds of people killed and injured: African-American husbands choked to fatality by lily-white police, stonings, assassinates, a humanity in a cage set on fire. I wanted to know what was happening in the nations of the world, but there was never enough time to process the information, to consider responses or reasons, even to mourn. Everything happened on a knife-edge of psychological actions, which in turn fuelled more embarrassment and distress.

I didn’t leave social media altogether. I stood on Instagram, where there is very little politics and very little disagreement. Looking at a photo of plots and food makes a nice antidote to the book I’m working on now, which is about violence and discretion. Although the material is just as heavy as the things I find on Twitter, I’m encountering it mainly by way of journals, which contextualise and analyse the raw data of distress.

Because of Brexit, this spring I’ve spot myself hemming back towards my old-time dress of report intake. For the past few weeks, after everyone has gone to bed, I gorge on newspaper websites. But no matter how much knowledge I acquire, the narration has moved somewhere completely unexpected by the next day. The message isn’t helping , not in its accelerate and not in its abundance. Knowledge substances, but so too does the slower and more private act of thinking.

It seems to me that the most dangerous state to be in right now is numbness, and that our numbness facilitates precisely the savageries it’s was triggered by, a vicious circle it’s hard to know how to stop. Over the last two years, I’ve become preoccupied by something the painter Philip Guston was indicated in 1968. He’d been thinking about the Holocaust, especially about the concentration camp Treblinka. The mass killing wreaked, he illustrated, because the Nazis purposely persuasion numbness in both the victims and the tormentors. And yet, a small group of prisoners did manage to escape.” Imagine what a process it was to unnumb yourself, to see it totally and to bear witness ,” he said.” That’s the only reason to be an artist: to escape, to bear witness to this .”

I think about those words each time I wonder about returning to Twitter, climbing back into that numbing soak of disastrous intelligence. He didn’t mean flee as in run away from reality. He made unspring the trap. He signified cut through the wire.

Crudo by Olivia Laing issued by Picador in paperback at PS8. 99. To ordering a facsimile, go to guardianbookshop.com

30 Mysterious Celebrity Deaths That More People Should Be Talking About

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Ask Reddit creates up some mysterious personality extinctions that still haven’t been solved .

1. Edgar Allen Poe. Died mysteriously at the age of 40. Went missing when traveling from Virginia to New York city, then are located in a bad country in a saloon in Baltimore a week later, filthy, uncharacteristically wearing a really shabby mismatched clothing of someone else’s invests, which was weird as he was very particular about wearing very smart tailor-make clothes. He was apparently ranting and raving unintelligibly. His personal physician arrived shortly after he was discovered, and took him to a good live infirmary and had him locked in a prohibited area, and barred any guests from ensure him. Poe died mysteriously several days later, apparently screeching the refer’ Reynold’ over and over, although his physician was the only person to see him in the working day before his death, and his accounts of whatever happens preserved reforming, including the dates of Poe’s breakthrough, demise and last words. His death certificate also went missing.

His arch nemesis and biggest critic, identified Rufus Grisworld, somehow managed to become executor of Poe’s property and fund. Griswold mostly established it his primary aim in life to destroy Poe’s reputation, and author a memoir about him funded by Poe’s money, and described him as a’ depraved, pretentious pharmaceutical addled madman’.

Its been suggested Poe was the main victims of an election fraud racket, called’ cooping’ where people would be’ shanghied’ or kidnapped and drugged, forced to wear disguises and vote for a specific presidential candidate. There was an election the day before his reappearance, but Poe was a far-famed local personality, at the time of his death, so it has been suggested he would have been too well known in the area for a cooping to take place.

Poe was slandered by the temperance movement at the time, who claimed that Poe died of alcohol consumption, but his physician said he had reeked no booze on him or his clothes, and staying in a hysterical raving country for days. Others recommended “hes had” overdosed on opium, but innumerable close friends divulged Poe was not a habitual drug user and hadn’t utilized opium for years.

2 . Brandon Lee( Bruce Lee’s son) was gunned down on a movie give because person supplanted the spaces with real bullets.

3. Natalie Wood. I speculate Christopher Walken and her husband at the time, Robert Wagner, who were with her on the night she died, have some excusing to do. Nobody can seem to get their story straight, and there seems to be A LOT of smoke.

” During the forming of the movie Brainstorm, Wood drowned at age 43 while on a weekend boat trip to Catalina Island on board Wagner’s yacht, Splendour. Many of the circumstances circumventing her drowning are unknown; it was never influenced how she entered the water. She was with her husband Robert Wagner, Brainstorm co-star Christopher Walken, and Splendour’s captain, Dennis Davern, on the evening of November 28, 1981. Wood’s torso was recovered by powers at 8: 00 a.m. on November 29, one mile away from the barge, with a small Valiant-brand inflatable rowboat, spotted beached nearby. According to Wagner, when he went to bed, Wood was not there. The autopsy report received information that Wood had injuries on her body and forearms as well as an abrasion on her left buttock .”

” After a 30 -year hiatus, the case was reopened in November 2011 after Davern publicly stated that he had lied to police during the initial investigation and that Wood and Wagner had an argument that night. He alleged that Wood had been flirting with Walken, that Wagner was jealous and infuriated, and that following Wood’s disappearance, Wagner had deterred Davern from turning on the search lightings and advising powers. Harmonizing to Davern, Wagner was responsible for Wood’s death. Walken hired a solicitor, cooperated with the investigation, and was not considered a suspect by powers .”

” In February 2018, Wagner was called a person of interest in the investigation into Wood’s death. He has disavowed any participate .”

4. Princess Diana. The assumptions array from the Royal Family killing her on purpose to her actually dying in a car accident. It is very mysterious and suspicious. After all, people say she was alive after the disintegrate and it took around 30 hours for her to be loaded into an ambulance.

5. Harold Holt extended for a swimming never came back also has a swimming centre names after him.

6. Bobby Fuller( far-famed for the first big log of I Fought the Law ), was called a suicide or industrial accidents, but the postmortem report literally had question marks on it.

7. King Ludwig II of Bavaria.

Shortly after he was deposed, his body and their own bodies of his psychiatrist were found in shallow water with their manager and shoulders explained in a Lake Starnberg near the palace where he was residing at the time. The two had gone for a tread and disappeared. Ludwig was known to be fairly sporting and a strong swimmer. There was no water in their lungs. The doctor’s body testified signals of damage to the head and strangling on the cervix. Ludwig’s watch had broken off and stopped about a half hour after he was last seen. Ludwig’s death was regulated a suicide although there wasn’t truly a assumption as to how he did it and no mark he was suicidal.

8. Bollywood actress Sri Devi. When they first announced her death they said it was cardiac arrest, then they uncovered she was found dead in the bathtub and that she likely drowned. It was very strange because there wasn’t that much alcohol found in her method and it would have been very difficult for her to merely drown in that size bathtub. She didn’t punch her honcho, or anything like that. Plus the fact that they firstly announced it was cardiac arrest acquired it seem like they were clothing it up.

I’ll have to look up what happened to those other two actresses. Bollywood is such a demoralized business with connections to the underworld.

9. Marilyn Monroe.

Legend has it that in the late 80 s Warner Bros. hired David Lynch and Mark Frost to develop a film based on the last few days of Marilyn Monroe, but the project was fell because the two were convinced that the government slaughtered her. The two bonded over this belief and later developed Twin Peaks together.

10. Vincent Van Gogh. Yeah it’s super easy to just assume he is suicide considering he’s threatened it before and the fact that he was certifiably crazed and he had a predilection for getting drunkard off lamp kerosene and snacking colour which medical doctors premised was a suicide attempt. However, he was shot in the stomach( 99% of gun suicides are an attempt the temple or through the mouth) at an angle that would have been hard for him to do himself and it wasn’t at detail blank array. He had never used a gun before, never had a use for a handgun, and would not know how to work one, let alone the older model that was the suspected weapon. Even when he did threaten suicide previously he always mentioned drowning as his preferred method. One legend of the reasons why he borrowed the artillery was so he could shoot at the crows in the following areas he liked painting but he adoration fowls and felt crows to be especially interesting and would never shoot at them or find them to be a nuisance. They never met any of his decorate equips where he presumably tried to kill himself. In reality they never detected his plies anywhere. If he did shoot himself in the field, when he realized he didn’t die he would have had to walk back to his hotel along a busy street where someone would have seen the poor dude bleed from the torso. When he did make it back to his hotel room someone asked him what had happened and he said something along the lines of,” I predict I’ve wounded myself .” But who would have shot him, “youre asking”? Rene Secretan. Rene was a 16 year old boy, who by his own admittance, bullied Vincent and was most likely the most current owner of the gun. He took the firearm everywhere and told that it shot erratically due to it being older. He liked showing off the gun and shooting at thoughts as he delighted. He claimed Vincent stole the grease-gun from him and did the deed in the field. Let it be known that the Secretan family flog hoof back home to Paris immediately after the shooting before too many questions were posed. Why didn’t Vincent blame him if that was the occurrence? Vincent welcomed extinction at that point. He had mentioned in a letter that if extinction came upon him he would welcome it and not fight it. He was worried about losing his relationship and financing of of his brother Theo now that Theo had a baby and a partner to carry. He mostly decided to be a martyr rather than indict a kid that probably didn’t mean to shoot him even though they are said kid was mean to him. No one is gonna read this shit but if you do, thanks for coming to my TED talk. Read” Van Gogh: the Life” by Gregory White and Steven Naifeh for more.

11. Louis Le Prince. Disappeared from a train on his channel back to Paris. His body , nor his suitcase, were ever noted. His suitcase is thought to have contained a blueprint for the first movie camera which he was weeks away from exhibiting. Many believe that his death was linked to Thomas Edison, who later tried to monopolize the industry with a gangster-like hold that virtually killed cinema.

12. Singer Elliot smith supposedly is suicide by stabbing himself in the heart with a kitchen knife after an arguing with his lover, Jennifer Chiba. His girlfriend was supposedly in the lavatory at the time of the accidents. His friends say he was in good spirits and about to release what would be his final album. The coroners report said it could potentially have been homicide, he was stabbed twice and there were none of the faltering winds that are common with this type of suicide. His girlfriend removed the bayonet and did not cooperate with the investigation. It’s a situation where the facts could examine the same whether it was suicide or murder.

13. James Brown. No one knows if his figure is actually in the mausoleum where it is supposed to be. There is a vial of his blood from the darknes he died that is meant to contain draws of a drug that was put into his blood stream but it has been in a queue to be tested for years. The maiden who is suspected of administering the drug that killed him professed to a friend she did it but then took it all back and announced it a dreaming. A duffel bag was then encountered with clothes covered in the drug( think it was PCP or something) that killed him and parallelled the description of the dream. And this is before you get to all the shady shit that James Brown get up to when he was alive including maybe organizing the murder of his wife and flowing some sort of small-minded league mafia. He tried to get out of the control of his agent and family members a couple of months before he died and they took over restraint of the manor. Multiple people who have tried to question the official story have been threatened, including the reporter.

14. Rudolf Diesel, inventor of the Diesel engine.

On the evening of 29 September 1913, Diesel boarded the GER steamer SS Dresden in Antwerp on his route to a gratify of the Consolidated Diesel Manufacturing company in London, England. He took dinner on board the ship and then retired to his hut at about 10 p.m ., leaving text to be called the next morning at 6:15 a.m .; but he was never seen alive again. In the morning his compartment was empty and his bed had not been able to been slept in, although his nightshirt was neatly laid down by and his watch had been left where it could be seen from the berthed. His hat and neatly folded overcoat were discovered beneath the afterdeck railing.

15. Sonny Liston, the former boxing heavyweight champ who was dethroned by Ali. Has a very strange life in general. His birth date was unknown so they’re not even sure how old-time he was. A boxer he was supposed to fight, Chuvalo, said he was dead in December 1970 when his body wasn’t even spotted until january 5, 1971. He was a heroin addict and they found heroin on him when they found him, but no needles or anything for him to administer with. Plus the amount in his person was thought to not be enough to cause an OD. However, some people close to him said he had a fear of needles, including his doctor, who told you he would do anything to avoid taking shots.

Of course, many think he was murdered. Assumption stray that he was a debt collector who tried to ask for too much pay, that he was murdered by drug peddler, that he wasn’t paid for an alleged dive he took in the second Ali fight( and that when he threatened to go public about it he was killed ), or that he was killed for not taking a dive against Chuck Wepner who he had crusaded a few months earlier.

Liston had well known underworld connects, and like I said previously some supposed the second fight he took a dive against Ali.

16 . Rik Mayall. British jester. He had a doctor check him over epoches before he died and he was told that he was absolutely health, but died of a massive heart attack. Suspiciously, he had a quad bicycle collision about ten years before this. The dampers were suspected to blame but no one knows. Coincidentally Mayall toiled( predominantly) for the BBC that had suppressed pedophile legends from surfacing for the best part of 40 years until the death of prolific pedophile Jimmy savile….

17. Glenn Miller. A superstar large-scale stripe chairman in the 30 s and 40 s. In 1944 he’s flying from England to Paris to entertain troops there and his aircraft disappears, presumed gate-crashed. There’s a lot of surmise about how this happened though. One recent possibility is that an Allied flight returning from a bombing run discontinued its extravagance regulation too close to Miller’s plane and caused it to crash.

18. Robert Johnson He’s a popular Blues singer from the 20 s that is still listened to til this day. Mysteriously died at the age of 29. Nobody knows what happened. However, there were assumptions after his death that he exchanged his soul to the devil. And that’s supposedly how he got so good in that much time.

William Desmond Taylor Silent-film director that directed tons of cinemas. He was popular during his time and was considered a resulting digit. He even made a film that would become the movie that represents Paramount. However, the working day, when his coiffure came in to see him breakfast, he found Taylor dead on the floor. When they moved his body, they found a pond of blood. And a 9 caliber missile was found in his back. Til this day, we don’t know who shot him. And we’ll most likely never will.

Elizabeth Short Silent film actor. One daylight, when a mama was sauntering with their own children, she felt she saw a mannequin wrap in a grey sheet on the sidewalk. When she went to talk a closer look, she recognized it was a dead body. The person of Elizabeth Short. “Shes had” pieces on their own bodies and legs. And her wrists were slit. Nobody knows what happened to her before she died. And nobody knows who killed her.

19. An strange one, he is only a personality because his death is so shrouded in whodunit, but the Somerton Man. Man found dead on a beach in South Australia- nobody knows who he is, he had some really strange clues in his clothes- all code words and secret civilizations. Talk of being a spy. 70 several years later forensic categories are still trying to get to the bottom of it all.

20. Heath Ledger’s death was pretty strange. I recollect where reference is firstly happened that there was a lot of backpedalling and changing of what actually happened. Some were saying suicide, others accidental overdose, and finally I envisage the last and “official” story was that he was prescribed drugs by various physicians that happened to have death as a side effects when mixed.

21. Ben and Honey Sherman, founder of Apotex the largest drug manufacture in Canada that revolutionized drug in Canada. They were found hanging by their swimming pool discovered by the real estate agent who was showing the residence to potential buyers. There “doesnt have any” marks of obliged entryway or trails of a assassin. It was initially regarded a suicide but the family does not believe there were any motive for suicide. It’s been over a year and there’s still not much in leads to figuring out what happened.

22. Casey Kasem. So much drama there. His golddigging wife literally had him buried in Iceland. Why Iceland?

23. Dorothy Kilgallen. A major expression of the 40 s-6 0s. She contained a permanent blot on America’s Longest Running Contest show, Who’s strand? She was an extremely well credited scribe, examiner and only an all around badass. She died in 1965 of by a fatal combining of alcohol and barbitutes. Which is just the beginning of why this was strange. Barbitutes were a popular medication in the 50 s-6 0s to aid in sleep. Dorothy had just take barbitutes for years prior to her fatality, understood their effects, and emphatically knew not to mingle them with Alcohol. But that’s just the tip of the iceberg. Dorothy was in the middle of writing a book based on her investigation of the JFK assassination. She notified her friends and family not a week earlier about how she had a felt a major acquisition and couldn’t wait to share it with them … She never had the chance to tell them and there was speculation that her experiment had vanished. Dorothy was were dead in the bunked of a guest bedroom within her apartment. A bedroom she claimed she would never step in after detecting her husband had an affair in that room a duo years prior, and she obviously wouldn’t be found in the bed. On top of all of this Dorothy had died in the afternoon which is not a era she would have taken her sleep remedy and she was found in her day invests, with a journal in her mitt. However, yes, however is again, her more than required reading glasses were downstairs, so she probably could not read the book she was found to be holding. There’s a lot of strange trash here, especially with her mob contacts and connection to the Kennedy family.

24. Senator Paul Wellstone. At a meet full of war veterans in Willmar, Minn ., daytimes before his death, Wellstone told attendees that Cheney told him,” If you vote against the conflict in Iraq, the Bush administration will do whatever is necessary to get you. There will be severe forks for you and the country of Minnesota .”

Wellstone cast his vote for his conscience and against the Iraq measure, the lone Democrat involved in a tough 2002 election campaign to do so. And a few weeks later on Oct. 25, as he appeared to be prevailing his re-election attempt, Wellstone, his wife, Sheila, his daughter, Marcia Markuson, three safarus staffers, and two pilots died in a plane crash in Minnesota.

25 . George Reeves. The original Superman. “Committed suicide” but missed his own honcho a time or two. There was a movie about the whole thing staring Ben Affleck.

26. Shelly Miscavige! I know we don’t actually know if she’d dead but I really feel they’ve done something horrendous to her.

27. Jill Dando. A mas of opinion about whether she was assassinated because she knew too much about goings on at the BBC, before the Savile stuff came to light.

28. Johnny Gosch- although they are not 100% certain he’s dead .. His disappearance has all kinds of ideologies and later sightings. Case isn’t closed hitherto and it’s been almost 37 years now.

29. I was always curious about the guitarist from Manic Street Preachers, Richey Edwards. He disappeared in 1995 and has never been spotted. It was conjectured he committed suicide in a way where the body would never be found, but I like to think he’s out there somewhere.

30. Bobby Kennedy is an interesting case. We “ve got who” killed my husband – his assassin, Sirhan Sirhan, did it in front of hundreds of bystanders and was caught red-handed.

What we don’t know is why . While Sirhan initially claimed that he killed RFK due to the latter’s support of Israel, he has changed his story several times throughout the years, sometimes claiming he was drunk, other seasons that he had been hypnotized, and even admitting to have no recollection of the accidents. The last has been quoted as the main reason he hasn’t been paroled- due to his insistence that he doesn’t remember killing RFK, parole timbers have felt that he isn’t uttering adequate anguish for his violation.

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