The sarcastic horror of Elliss debut Less Than Zero makes the fiction its seductive force

TaB was introduced in 1963 as Coca-Cola’s first food suck. It exploited zero-calorie saccharin instead of sugar, an innovation that was intended to inspire parties to was engaged in carbonated sweetness without worrying about packing on the pounds. Ultimately, please could be enjoyed without regret, risk or penalty. Forget water- here was a soda to clear life carefree. Drink TaB and you were exhausted from mortal concern and responsibility, the ads recommended. More facetiously, commercial-grades with scrawny ladies sucking down TaB sold customers the idea that boozing it would represent you thin. TaB was less than zero, in this sense.

I remember first construe TaB in movies in the 80 s, when the drink rose to popularity. And it appears in Less Than Zero by the 21 -year-old Bret Easton Ellis, with some frequency. Appropriately, within the firstly various pages, we hear that Muriel, a child persona, has been admitted to hospital with anorexia. TaB’s nothingness seems central to the meaningless indulgences and woes of the 80 s youth generation: exemption and ineffectuality are the highest advantages of the young, beautiful and rich. Less Than Zero exploits that ineffectuality with minimalism, squeezing ennui into dreaded, and then into horror. Thus, it succeeds in representing something out of nothing.

The novel’s premise is simple: Clay, an 18 -year-old college freshman, returns dwelling to Los Angeles for the winter break. His ex-girlfriend, Blair, picks him up from international airports and drives him home, where he is greeted by no one but a brand-new housekeeper and the ripped sign of Elvis Costello on his bedroom wall. This is not LA at large, but a very specific gated district of multimillion-dollar homes, puddle sons, private cooks, Lamborghinis, flawless surface, pollution and diamonds, decorator invests, and narcissism so raging it is considered the status quo. During his few weeks at home, Clay reconnects with old friends, defendants, drives around, fools around with a person and a few girls, remembers things, gets influenced into loaning fund to a friend who has to turn stunts be paying a indebtednes, the usual rich-kid hijinks.

‘ His parents split in 1982. One must wonder how autobiographical the tale really is’ … Bret Easton Ellis in 1992. Photograph: Ulf Andersen/ Getty Images

To say that the boys are badly behaved would be to insinuate that there are well-behaved adults chasing them with sovereigns. But the mothers are absent, if not physically, then certainly psychically, and the attitudes of Clay’s mother and leader, who have broken up, are not more far from their children’s- aloof, demoralized and detached. Everybody chatters, fucks, drives booze. These are not the girls in the 90 s teen drama Beverly Hills, 90210 trying to manage social lives and please their parents with good grades. This is a higher stratum, one of derangement brings with it by opulence have been achieved in a culture where nothing is sacred. Entertainment and its exploitative industry ever push consciousness into a void of indifference. Merely the alchemical measures of human experience seem to relate: fornication and drugs. So “- its” Less Than Zero , where everybody’s mummy or dad is a film executive or a movie star, and their children are left to fend for themselves, with expensive cars and credit cards at their disposal.

The psychological valence of Clay’s give is stark, a tone swimming along with the pollution and cigarette fume. As the reader, I align myself with him, but Ellis still gets me to wonderwhether Clay is on the inside or the outside of the nothingness. Clay’s is not a pragmatic spirit, but has been silenced through the oppression of lovelessness in his upbringing and the culture in which his persona has developed. Teetering between two worlds- New Hampshire, where he is a student, and Los Angeles- he appears to have seen some lighter. Judgment cannot exist in a vacuum. For most of the novel, Clay reins the pacific patience of someone with nowhere better to be , no future, and no hope. But the velocity of his storey- operating at high speed with silent nervousnes, zooming down the route doing 100 mph on downers listening to KNAC-FM- presents the snappy hollowness of the narration its driving force. How Ellis managed to give Clay’s voice the tension and weirdness that make this book unstoppable is beyond me as a writer. It is the calm one feels in the second largest before a vehicle accident, just as you read the truck approaching and it’s too late to swap trails. The impeccable timing, particularly in panoramas of exchange, captivates the banalities of Clay’s life in a way that both resentments me and terminates my heart.

It is perhaps against the rules of the book, canned and sappy, to point out the emit paucity of love in it, such is the cage around its center. Italicised parts throughout the novel narrate more psychological periods in Palm Springs before Clay’s grandmother dies, and even then, all countries of the world is flat, devoid of tenderness. The past is cigarette in the wilderness. It might recur you, but it has no demeanour on the purposelessness of your current existence. Clay has two sisters, but they, more, are part of the system of drudgery and vanity. His dad takes Clay to dinners and plows him more like an underling or a frivolous hire than a beloved son. His mother is almost invisible in her blondness. She and Clay seem to have an understanding that superficial communication evades the agonizing domains of alienation and despair. As it makes the progeny of cold Hollywood elites as hot-bodied consumers and posers in a pantomime version of their greedy, aloof mothers- snorting coke, doing lunch, get glass at the Polo Lounge at the Beverly Hills hotel- Less Than Zero satirises a macrocosm that feels emblematic of the complaints of 1985, but also intensely personal. The lens of the narrator feels close to the author’s.

Perhaps that is my projection as a reader, one I construct to explain how a voice so unaffected in its delivery could make my nature gate-crash: I so badly miss this world-wide to be tethered to something real, to be the scratchings on the prison walls, and for those commemorates to be rich with intending. Expert satire functions this acces; despite the straight speak, we still identify and comprehend. It is not just a criticism of all countries of the world, but a full know of it. With a bit digging, I learn that Ellis’s mothers split in 1982. One must wonder how autobiographical the fiction really is. Not that it would change its impact, but the intimate knowledge of such a niche realm of life raises the question.

Jami Gertz as Blair, Andrew McCarthy as Clay in the film adaptation of Less Than Zero. Photograph: 20 th Century Fox/ Kobal/ Rex/ Shutterstock

I can only imagine the alienation this literary geniu felt in a world that commodified prowes as recreation designed to move us slaves of fashion and attitudes, to work hard to buy the right cars, year the right people, guzzle non-nutritive soft drinks, zone out in front of the Tv. Only a bright young person can look at the modern world and encounter where it’s going, unhinged from the static of the past. One political construe is to say the book purposes as a censure of the immoralities of media. Los Angeles is a factory of illusion. It produces misconceptions, and establishes an apparition around that inducing. Hollywood, which looks like shimmering magic from afar, is a complex system of egomaniacal executives is accountable for feeding the masses narrative media, those box office stumbles we celebrate as the sayings of our cultural identity. Having grown up in Sherman Oaks, in the San Fernando Valley in Los Angeles, Ellis would perhaps have known this culture first-hand.

Less Than Zero was published in 1985, the same year TWA Flight 847 was hijacked by Hezbollah, the US version of the Nintendo Entertainment System came out and the Unabomber killed his first victim. Life-insurance companies began screening for HIV. The CD-Rom was introduced. Ronald Reagan, a former performer deeply entrenched in corrupt Hollywood politics, was US president. The financial collapse of the middle class was romanticised in Hollywood for great gain, selling the trappings of suffering back to the people living the real deal with no depart strategy but their own seeings and ears specified to their screens and radios. And to think, these were more innocent experiences! Decades later, with Trump in agency, it seems that when there is an entertainer in the White House, our culture descends into indecency- we lose track of what we mean by “humanity”.

The concept comes up only in the context of pain and death. Meanwhile, the fraction between art and entertainment becomes wonderfully clear. Entertainment is fodder for the masses, something to keep them busy and browsing while all countries of the world dies. Hollywood capitalises on destitution by canning culture and feeding it to us spoonful by spoonful. Art, by comparison, is critical of the system of brainwashing, dehumanising, consumerism and greed. The difference between sincerity and satire is in the eye of the onlooker. Someone with critical believing can detect parody. Someone who is used to swallowing blindly whatever is served will never understand subtlety. I think this is why Less Than Zero was so contentious. The objective of the book is the product of so much indifference. There is a dead kid in an alley who Clay’s friends reach into a spectacle, a 12 -year-old sex slave dosed and tied to a berthed. Clay, initially leading on the fumes of his habituated high-school decorations, begins to see his way out of the fog by the end of the romance. It’s the stun of the dead boy or the 12 -year-old, or it’s his self-disgust as a participant in passivity. The ambiguity is precise.

Subtlety is necessary to satire, but is not prized in the US. We value outgoingness, aplomb, direct attacks and observances. We favour straight arrows over innuendo. This is a weakness. Satire is the most difficult mode in literature because it operates with a fragile, invisible mantle of self-awareness- which readers often shortfall. An insensitive reader of Less Than Zero might contemplate,” Well, that was disturbing ,” and point to the moments of evocative exploitation as “inappropriate” and “wrong”. Such a learning does not appreciate the incredible timing, imprisonment, and synchronicity in the writing , nor the facts of the case that these “inappropriate” vistums are actually a direct thoughtfulnes of world. We often refuse to acknowledge the ugliness in ourselves and in our world, out of shame or vanity.

The generative suffer of reading this volume is that of “ve been staring at” a likenes of the human world- LA is its costume- for long enough to see through the facade. The underbelly is always dark, but that darkness isn’t what’s so interesting. It’s what the darkness is fogging- a blank situate unmarred by romanticism and sentimentalism, the hard truth. It is invisible because it is true. One must separate from the banal activities of life to see this blankness, this freedom. This is the beauty of Less Than Zero . The quiet transparency of existential fright is precisely what blew my brain. I am not shocked by a 12 -year-old girl medication and tied to a berthed while going gang-raped. I’m terrified by the silence around it. If this notebook is an existential satire, its proposition is that the world is hell disguised as paradise.

* Less Than Zero issued by Picador Classics( PS8. 99 ). To guild a facsimile go to or call 0330 333 6846. Free UK p& p over PS15, online guilds merely. Phone orderings min p& p of PS1. 99.


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